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The Best Target-Date Funds Have These Traits in Common

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone. It has not been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.

coins in hands and a sign that says retirement
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When it comes to investing in your future, understanding your options can be overwhelming. Trying to learn about stocks, bonds and mutual funds can be stressful, leaving you confused and maybe even causing you to put off saving for retirement entirely.

That’s where target-date funds can help. According to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, approximately 90% of employer-sponsored retirement plans, such as 401(k)s, offer target-date funds, making them a convenient choice for your investments.

But how do you choose a target-date fund? Below, find out how target-date funds work and how to select the best one for your situation.

What is a target-date fund?

A target-date fund is a fund offered by an investment company that aims to grow your investment over time until your retirement. You typically choose a target-date fund based on the year you plan to retire, such as a “2040 Fund.” Investments start off aggressive but become more conservative as you near retirement age to decrease the risk of losing money.

According to Alex Caswell, a certified financial advisor and certified financial planner with RHS Financial, target-date funds are often a good choice for beginner investors. “The No. 1 reason why target-date funds are appealing is because they are simple to understand and to implement,” he said.

Target-date funds allow someone to get started without having an in-depth knowledge of the stock market. “The advantages are their simplicity and cost,” Caswell said. “The simplicity allows an investor to actually get invested. There is a big information hurdle to getting invested correctly. A target-date fund can make this decision very easy and get someone started on the right path.”

Chances are your 401(k) plan offers some form of target-date fund, so you already may have invested in one without realizing it.

5 things the best target-date funds will have

There’s a lot more to choosing a target-date fund than selecting the first one you see with your goal retirement date. Instead, consider these five variables before selecting a fund.

1. Strong past performance

While a strong past performance doesn’t guarantee high returns in the future, it is a good indicator that the fund may be successful. Before selecting a fund, study its performance over the last 10 years. Find this information by reviewing the fund prospectus, which you can request from the investment company. Some companies even post the prospectus online.

2. Low fees

Fees play a big role in the performance of your target-date fund. High fees can eat up your returns, decreasing how much money your fund earns. That’s why it’s so important to search for low-cost funds.

According to Vanguard, a leading investment company, the industry average expense ratio for target-date funds is 0.50%. However, you can find lower expense ratios by shopping around. For example, Vanguard’s average expense ratio is just 0.13%.

3. A glide path that fits your goals

“Glide path” is a common term used in reference to target-date funds, and it’s an important one to understand. The glide path is the asset allocation of a target-date fund — or what percentage of your money is invested in stocks, bonds or other assets. There are several types of glide paths that vary depending on your comfort with risk.

A common misconception is that if you invest in target-date funds, you’re guaranteed to have enough money when you reach your goal retirement date. That’s not true. A target-date fund simply means that your investments will adjust their aggressiveness as you get closer to your goal date.

That’s why choosing an end date and glide path that match your retirement needs is so important. When you’re young and just starting out, you likely want an aggressive glide path that rebalances regularly to gradually become more conservative as you near retirement age. If you’re closer to retirement age, you want a more conservative path that protects your investments.

4. An end date that matches your retirement needs

One important thing to keep in mind is that some funds are set to run until you retire, while others run through your retirement. What’s the difference? A fund that runs only until you retire will reach its most conservative point upon reaching the date you select.

A fund that runs through retirement will continue to rebalance and get increasingly conservative during your retirement. It may not reach its most conservative point until you’re well into your 60s. You may get higher returns, but you’ll also have more risk with this approach.

5. A management style that fits your comfort level

When it comes to management styles, you have two options: passive management and active management. Passive management is when the fund is set to rebalance automatically and follows the stock market’s trends. Active management is when an individual or firm chooses investments and manually adjusts those investments to try to beat the stock market’s performance.

There is a lot of debate about which approach is best, so it’s important to choose a management style that fits your comfort level. Many people are fine with passively managed accounts, while others want a human professional’s touch.

Investing your money

Saving for your retirement is important, but with all the investment options out there, it can be tough to decide what’s right for you. Target-date funds help simplify the process, empowering you to invest in your future without having to understand all the nuances of the stock market.

By exploring your options and comparing target-date funds, you can choose the best one for you and start building your retirement nest egg.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Kat Tretina
Kat Tretina |

Kat Tretina is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Kat here

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Review of Annex Wealth Management

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone. It has not been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.

Annex Wealth Management is a full-service financial planning and wealth management firm. The firm has 36 investment advisors on staff and more than $2.4 billion in assets under management (AUM). Headquartered in Elm Grove, Wis., Annex Wealth Management primarily serves individuals, high net worth individuals, pension plans and profit-sharing plans.

All information included in this profile is accurate as of December 3, 2019. For more information, please consult Annex Wealth Management’s website.

Assets under management: $2,444,755,818
Minimum investment: No minimum requirement
Fee structure: A percentage of AUM, ranging up to 1.50% for investment management; asset-based, hourly or fixed fees for consulting services
Headquarters:12700 W Bluemound Road
Suite 200
Elm Grove, WI 53122
https://annexwealth.com/
262-786-6363

Overview of Annex Wealth Management

Annex Wealth Management was founded in 2001 and is registered as an LLC in Wisconsin. The firm is headquartered in Elm Grove, Wis., and it has five additional locations across Wisconsin and an office in Naples, Fla.

Annex Wealth is owned completely by David J. Spano, the firm’s president and CEO. Annex Wealth is also the sole member of three other related companies, Annex Insurance Services, Annex Advisory Services and Annex Investment Services. The firm has 66 employees, 36 of whom perform investment advisory functions. It has more than $2.4 billion in assets under management.

What types of clients does Annex Wealth Management serve?

Annex Wealth Management serves a variety of clients, including individuals and high net worth individuals. In addition, Annex offers services to corporations and other business entities, estates, trusts, charities, pension plans and profit-sharing plans.

The firm’s primary focus is on individual investors, with individuals outnumbering high net worth individuals at a 4:1 ratio. This is likely the result of the fact that the firm does not have a minimum investment requirement, which makes it accessible to anyone interested in getting help from a full-service financial planning and wealth management firm. The firm does charge a maximum annual fee of 1.50% of assets under management, though Annex notes that this fee is negotiable.

Services offered by Annex Wealth Management

Annex Wealth Management offers a range of investment management and wealth planning services. For its comprehensive wealth management and financial planning services, the firm charges a “bundled” fee, which covers the ongoing financial planning and wealth management services that the firm selects for each client based on their needs. In general, the firm begins by offering financial planning services, which often lead to investment management and advisory services that are designed to help clients reach their goals. The firm’s financial planning services include retirement planning, risk management, estate and legacy planning and tax planning.

Annex also offers ongoing consulting services designed to provide insight and analysis to clients on their investments and financial situations. The firm then uses these insights to develop a plan to help clients achieve their objectives.

Additionally, Annex offers Ignite, an online investment management platform. While this service includes online investment analysis and account opening and transfer capabilities, it does not include Annex’s financial planning services. With Ignite, a client creates a personal profile, which is then matched to an actively managed model portfolio based on their risk tolerance. Clients who use this service have their assets held at TD Ameritrade.

Finally, Annex Wealth Management also provides pension consulting services to retirement plans that are covered under ERISA.

Here is a full list of services offered by Annex Wealth:

  • Investment management
  • Financial planning
  • Retirement planning
  • Objective risk management and insurance assessment
  • Estate and legacy planning
  • Tax preparation and planning
  • Financial education and discovery
  • 401(k) plans for businesses

How Annex Wealth Management invests your money

In general, Annex employs what it calls a “Core and Tactical Investment Strategy” designed to include short-term and long-term strategies that focus on risk management while at the same time promoting growth when it looks like there’s a new opportunity.

The idea behind a core approach is to focus on long-term strategies like more traditional asset allocation with stocks and bonds. On the other hand, a tactical approach is about short-term trades that are intended to capture current growth opportunities. As a result, you might end up with some of your portfolio being used to buy investments that might be traded again as quickly as a month. However, a good portion of your portfolio will likely be kept in assets designed to be held for several years.

Annex also focuses on selecting assets that are low-cost, even while using actively managed accounts. The firm attempts to balance risk with clients’ cash flow needs. While Annex mainly uses exchange-traded funds (ETFs) in its client accounts, it also makes use of individual equities, fixed-income securities, variable annuities, mutual funds and cash.

Fees Annex Wealth Management charges for its services

When calculating fees for its comprehensive wealth management and limited discretionary asset management services, Annex Wealth Management considers the types of assets used to accomplish client goals as well as the complexity and scope of the services and investments involved.

Annex charge a maximum fee of 1.50% of assets under management for its wealth management services, though the average fee that clients pay is typically around 1.00%. Clients are billed quarterly, and fees are generally deducted directly from clients’ investment accounts.

It’s important to note that clients might also incur other fees outside of the asset-based fee that the firm charges. For example, a custodial fee might be charged if you hold money with a third party, and there are mutual fund and ETF expense ratios to consider. There might also be markups and transaction fees when trading takes place outside Annex Wealth Management.

For its consulting services, the firm charges either an asset-based fee, an hourly rate or a flat fee. The flat fee for these services starts at $1,000 but can be higher, depending on the types of services provided. Clients who want the firm’s continued monitoring or management beyond the scope of the initial consulting services will need to pay an additional fee.

Annex Wealth Management’s highlights

  • No account minimum: Because there is no account minimum required to access Annex Wealth Management services, this makes the firm more accessible to all levels of investors. Some investors with fewer assets might struggle with a fee of 1.50%, but that fee is negotiable, so it could be possible to get a lower rate.
  • Variety of services for different needs: Annex Wealth Management offers a number of ways for clients to work with the firm, depending on their unique needs. In addition to comprehensive wealth management and financial planning services, Annex also offers the option of limited discretionary asset management services as well as consulting services. A range of financial planning services are available for both individuals and businesses.
  • Online portfolio management available through Ignite: The firm offers an online platform that clients can sign up for to get matched with a proprietary portfolio management services through Annex Wealth’s Ignite service. Fees might be lower, and clients can access generalized investment management services from their homes.

Annex Wealth Management’s downsides

  • Fees may be above average: Because there is no clear tiered fee structure, it’s possible that clients may end up paying above average compared with national average fees. Annex caps its fee for comprehensive management services at 1.50%, which is well above the 1.17% national average for RIAs.
  • No fee estimates provided: In general, you need to consult with an advisor before you can figure out which fees you’ll be charged and what your rate will be. Many other firms publish clear fee schedules based on the amount of assets a client has under management, making it easier to compare costs.
  • Potential conflict of interest related to fee structure: In its Form ADV (SEC-filed paperwork), Annex notes the potential for a conflict of interest to arise due to the fact that its financial planning clients often end up also receiving investment management services. Because the firm charges clients based on the amount of assets under management, it may be incentivized to make financial planning recommendations that will increase a client’s assets, whereas actions like gifting money or paying off a mortgage may lower invested assets. The firm does take steps to mitigate this potential conflict though.

Annex Wealth Management disciplinary disclosures

Annex Wealth Management has no disciplinary disclosures to report. The firm has a clean record with no prior legal or regulatory issues on its record.

Annex Wealth Management’s onboarding process

To get started, clients can fill out a form on the firm’s website. Information requested on the form includes:

  • Name
  • Email address
  • Phone number
  • Amount of investable assets
  • Where you’d like to have your visit
  • Whether you want an annuity review
  • How you found the page
  • Your age
  • Whether you have any particular concerns

Once you submit the form, someone from the firm will contact you about setting up an appointment to more fully discuss your needs. Annex also offers an online chat function that you can use to get more information about the firm.

The bottom line: Is Annex Wealth Management right for you?

For those looking for a more personalized approach to long-term financial planning and wealth management, Annex Wealth Management may be a solid choice. The firm prides itself on offering individualized solutions, rather than menu-based options, and there is no minimum investment required, which makes the firm accessible to all levels of investors. Even if you don’t decide to pay for investment management, it’s still possible to get fee-based consultation services from the firm.

However, it’s worth noting that the firm’s fees may be higher than average. Annex does not provide a fee schedule like many firms do, and while you know your fee will be capped at 1.50% for wealth management services, you won’t actually know your rate until you sit down with an advisor. Make sure you look around before you get started, as it’s a good idea to compare your options before making a decision about whether Annex Wealth Management is right for you.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Miranda Marquit
Miranda Marquit |

Miranda Marquit is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Miranda here

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Review of BBR Partners

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone. It has not been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.

With 115 employees across offices in New York, San Francisco and Chicago, BBR Partners works with extremely wealthy families and individuals — the minimum investment with the firm is generally $20 million. BBR partners currently manages nearly $16 billion for around 1,200 clients, working with them to create and execute a portfolio strategy with an emphasis on tax efficiency using third-party managers. BBR Partners also consolidates record keeping for its clients, allowing them to see the performance of their entire portfolio at a glance.

All information included in this profile is accurate as of November 26th, 2019. For more information, please consult BBR Partners website.

Assets under management: $15,886,200,000
Minimum investment: $20 million
Fee structure: Percentage of assets under management, performance-based fees
Headquarters:140 East 45th Street
New York, N.Y. 10017
212-313-9870
https://www.bbrpartners.com/

Overview of BBR Partners

Founded in 1999, BBR Partners is a privately held multifamily office principally owned by Brett Barth and Evan Roth. The firm also has 17 equity partners. Co-founders Mike Anson and Todd Whitenack serve as BBR Partners’ chief compliance officer, and head of investment research, respectively.

BBR Partners has 115 employees across offices in New York, Chicago and San Francisco, 75 of whom perform investment advisory functions. The firm’s 17 partners have diverse backgrounds, including several lawyers, accountants and MBAs. Rather than directly managing client money, BBR works with third-party investment managers throughout the industry.

What types of clients does BBR Partners serve?

With a minimum account balance generally set at $20 million, BBR Partners focuses primarily on serving ultra-high net worth families and individuals, but it also works with their associated family partnerships, foundations and charitable organizations. The firm serves entrepreneurs, Fortune 500 and finance executives, and those with inherited wealth.

Services offered by BBR Partners

BBR Partners works with wealthy individuals and families to develop an asset allocation strategy based their investment objectives, selecting and hiring managers to put the tailored strategy to work. While asset allocation remains the firm’s primary focus, it may also offer guidance on other issues, including estate and tax planning, charitable planning and insurance planning.

The firm also offers comprehensive reporting services, allowing clients to see their entire financial picture, including assets under management by other firms.

  • Investment advisory services
  • Financial planning
    • retirement planning
    • trust and estate planning
    • charitable planning
    • education planning
    • tax planning and management
    • IRA and 401(k) rollovers
  • Insurance/risk management
  • Comprehensive reporting services
  • Collaboration with clients’ lawyers, accountants, etc.
  • Miscellaneous services, such as helping wealthy families vet their employees or connect with labor lawyers

How BBR Partners invests your money

BBR Partners crafts individual portfolios for each of its family clients with a variety of asset classes and strategies. Based on that family’s objectives, the portfolio will include a mix of individual equity and fixed-income investments, third-party managers, exchange-traded funds, exchange-traded notes and private investment funds. The same applies to individuals.

The firm uses a mix of passive and active strategies, as well as illiquid investments, with a focus on the after-tax returns of the total portfolio. It also offers socially responsible and values-based investing options to interested families.

Fees BBR Partners charges for its services

BBR Partners charges investment advisory fees that are based on a percentage of assets under management, with a minimum annual fee of $150,000:

Investment value of portfolioFee (% of assets)
First $30 million0.75%
More than $30 million — $150 million0.50%
More than $150 millionnegotiable

Clients who invest in BBR-administered private investment vehicles pay an additional fee, ranging from 0.35% to 1.00%, on the balance of their investment in that fund. They also pay additional fees to any third-party managers, broker-dealers or custodians who manage their money.

BBR Partners highlights

  • One of the largest RIA firms (by asset size) in the Northeast, BBR Partners, consistently ranks among the top 10 firms on Barron’s list of top RIA firms.
  • BBR Partners acts as a “manager of managers,” which means it selects other firms to make investments for its clients. This BBR can offer a greater diversity of investment options while reducing the potential for conflicts of interest.
  • Turnover at BBR Partners is low — none at the partner level in its 20-year history.
  • BBR Partners does not have any disciplinary disclosures (see below).

BBR Partners downsides

  • BBR Partners has a minimum account balance of $20 million, which is beyond the reach of many if not most would-be investors.
  • The firm’s fees, as a percentage of assets under management, are lower than the industry average, but with a required minimum balance of $20 million, they amount to $150,000 per year or more.
  • The firm has a tiered fee schedule, so clients with fewer assets pay higher fees than they might at a firm with a different fee structure.

BBR Partners disciplinary disclosures

BBR Partners currently lists zero disciplinary disclosures. The SEC requires RIAs to report disciplinary disclosures on Form ADV. These include any regulatory actions, criminal charges, or legal developments like liens or civil judgments that have been taken against them.

BBR Partners onboarding process

BBR Partners meets with the family members of each of its clients to learn more about their goals for their portfolio. Based on these meetings, the firm creates and executes a customized, tax-efficient investment plan, working with multiple managers on behalf of its clients. In addition, depending on the needs of the family, the firm offers advice around tax and insurance planning, family education and charitable giving.

In addition to monthly statements, clients have access to a secure website, updated daily, where they can view their entire portfolio — including assets that aren’t managed by BBR Partners — at a glance.

The bottom line: Is BBR Partners right for you?

This firm focuses exclusively on high net worth families and individuals, including those managing the transition of wealth from one generation to the next. It provides personalized investment advice to those families and oversees the investment of their assets with third-party firms. Individuals whose family net worth is less than the $20 million minimum requirement need to look elsewhere.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Beth Braverman
Beth Braverman |

Beth Braverman is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Beth here