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5 Easy Steps to Buy Your First Stock

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

5 Easy Steps to Buy Your First Stock

The stock market can seem complicated, but most people agree that it’s a necessary component to achieving financial wellness. There are a few steps needed when buying your first stock. Let’s go through the basics for your first purchase.

5 steps to buying your first stock

First thing’s first: Save money to invest.

We’ve all heard the phrase, “It takes money to make money.” Although this is true, it’s best to have a proper plan in place to build up a personal fund specifically for buying your first stock.

Before you begin setting aside funds to invest, make sure you’re actively paying down debt and setting aside money for an emergency fund. The S&P 500 has returned 11% annually on average since 1928 (not adjusting for inflation). If you owe money on a credit card or loan with an interest rate over 11%, it would actually be more beneficial to pay that off first and then start transferring money into your investment fund.

After you’ve reached your emergency fund goal, start setting aside money to invest. A great way to do this is by saving a set amount of your income in scheduled increments. Try starting with 5% of your paycheck and increase contributions as you become more comfortable. Consider setting up a direct deposit to a separate high-interest savings account so you won’t be tempted to spend this money.

Now you’re probably wondering — how much should I save before I start investing?

Some newer online investing platforms allow novice investors to buy fractional shares rather than whole shares. Fractional shares are simply smaller portions of a total share. That means you can start investing with much less than you would need at a traditional brokerage firm. Check out some of these companies if you want to start investing with as little as $5.

Check with your broker to see what their commissions are and how much it takes to make an initial investment. $100 is typically a good price point to begin when purchasing your first stock or exchange-traded fund (ETF) as many cost less than that. In contrast, a typical index or mutual fund may have an initial buy-in of more than $1,000 to get started.

Choose and fund a brokerage account.

The stock market is a highly regulated industry with stocks trading on major exchanges like the New York Stock Exchange and the Nasdaq. When you plan to buy your first stock, you’ll need to use a brokerage firm in order to complete your purchase. There are many online discount brokers that allow first-time investors to buy stocks without a lot of upfront costs.

Choosing a brokerage firm can come down to many variables, but the primary one new investors look for is cost. Online discount brokers have made it easier for new investors to participate. Typical commissions — that’s how much they charge you every time you make a buy or sell stocks — run between $5 and $10 at firms such as TD Ameritrade and TradeKing.

Newer firms such as Acorns and Stash are allowing new investors to start with as little as $5 right from their phones, allowing them to buy fractional shares.

Research companies to buy.

There are over 6,200 publicly traded companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq, which can seem extremely intimidating to first-time investors. Basic research methods can narrow down your list tremendously, helping you find your first stock faster. This can be done through your broker’s online portal or with free sites like Yahoo Finance and Google Finance.

An easy way to get started is to think about items you use on a daily basis or companies you frequently patronize. Simply looking at who makes your cellphone, the type of car you drive, or whom you bank with can present potential companies when buying your first stock.

Once you have a list, use your broker to find and read over quarterly and annual financial reports of those companies. Just as you would personally want consistent positive cash flow (more income than expenses), you want to make sure a company you plan to own does too.

Buying individual stocks can be time consuming and stressful, particularly for new investors. Consider low-cost exchange-traded funds (ETFs), index funds, or other mutual funds to alleviate some of the search process and provide great diversification at the same time. In addition to diversification, you also want a fund that has a low expense ratio, fund manager stability, and an overall consistent positive performance. Strive for a fund that averages over 3% growth annually to combat inflation.

Fidelity and Vanguard are leading the industry in regards to low-cost index and mutual fund options.

Decide how many shares you want to buy.

Once you’ve narrowed down your list to one stock you want to buy, you’ll need to decide how many shares of that stock you want to own. One share represents a single unit of ownership within a company. The more shares you buy, the bigger the percentage of the company you own. Don’t think you have to buy a lot initially. Start small, and grow your holdings.

A great method to use is dollar-cost averaging (DCA). This is when you buy a block of shares based on how much money you have, not how many shares you want. This technique is popular because it makes sure investors purchase more stocks when the value of a stock is low and fewer stocks when the value of a stock is high. For example, if you have $200, you can buy 20 shares at $10 each. When you save up another $200, and shares have appreciated to $18 each, you can now only buy 11 shares. Since you spent a total of $398 on 31 shares, your average purchase price is $12.84. That’s how DCA works.

As mentioned earlier, newer firms are allowing new investors to buy partial shares because they are buying based on price, not quantity.

Place your order.

There are two major types of orders when buying your first stock: market order and limit order. A market order allows you to buy shares at current market value, while a limit order allows you to buy shares at a specific target price.

Market orders are typically the method new investors use as limit orders are primarily used for short-term investing.

Welcome to the club!

You’re officially a stockholder. In a perfect world, your stock will always increase in price, but the stock market isn’t perfect. Remind yourself that you’re in it for the long term and that the annual average is on your side.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Eric Patrick
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Eric Patrick is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Eric here

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Investing

CNote Review 2019

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

In recent years, finding stable, reasonable yield has been difficult for savers. A traditional savings account rarely offers an attractive yield and the bond market has been somewhat anemic in recent years. This is where CNote comes in.

CNote is a company that takes your money and invests it in community development financial institutions (CDFIs). Basically, these lenders issue loans to local governments, nonprofits and businesses owned by minorities and women. CNote invests your money with its partners and offers you a return.

CNote
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The Bottom Line: CNote offers you the chance to earn relatively stable yields that beat traditional savings accounts while allowing you to make a positive social impact in communities across the country.

  • Annual return beats that of most traditional savings accounts.
  • Investments are used for social impact.
  • CNote has no fees, but it does come with liquidity restrictions.

Who should consider CNote

CNote is meant as a savings account or bond market alternative. It’s not designed to offer inflation-beating potential returns like those seen in the stock market. Instead, it’s more likely to be appropriate for savers who are frustrated with their current yields and want a relatively stable way to boost what they’re earning each year.

Additionally, the social impact aspect of CNote could make it attractive to those looking for socially conscious ways to put their money to work. CNote’s CDFI partners invest in small businesses and community development projects, so for those who like the idea of doing good while their money earns interest, this can be an option.

However, CNote comes with limited liquidity. There are only four times a year that CNote allows for withdrawals (with 30 days’ notice), and at those times you’re limited to withdrawals of $20,000 or 10% of your balance, whichever is higher. (CNote does consider special circumstances and may allow larger or unscheduled withdrawals at their discretion.)

Those who need access to their money for goals in the medium term (four to seven years out) could benefit from CNote, but withdrawals require planning. As a result, it likely doesn’t make sense to use CNote as an emergency fund where immediate liquidity is needed.

CNote fees and features

Amount minimum to open account
  • $1
Commission$0
Account fees (annual, transfer, inactivity)
  • $0 annual fee
  • $0 full account transfer fee
  • $0 partial account transfer fee
  • $0 inactivity fee
Account types
  • Individual taxable
  • Trust
Customer supportPhone, Email

Strengths of CNote

CNote offers an interesting twist on social investing with the expectation of relatively stable returns.

  • Yield that beats traditional savings accounts: One of the stand-out features is CNote’s advertised return of 2.75% APY (or more). This is much better than most traditional savings accounts. In fact, as of this writing, CNote offers returns higher than the five-year Treasury yield. That means you could see a higher yield for medium-term savings than what’s available with other savings options.
  • No fees: CNote doesn’t charge any fees. Instead, the service makes money on the difference between what they pay you in yield and what they receive from investments made with CDFI partners.
  • Social impact investing: If doing good is important to you, CNote offers a way for you to do that. Your money goes toward helping provide affordable financing to underserved communities for projects like affordable housing, community development and minority-owned businesses.
  • Trust and business accounts: You can open a CNote account as part of a trust or use it for business purposes. Depending on your needs, this can be helpful in your asset management plan.

The service is fairly straightforward and comes with no costs, but it has the potential to help you earn a higher yield on money that might otherwise be sitting in a low-yield savings account.

Drawbacks of CNote

While CNote offers an innovative way to maintain a stable yield, there are some issues that you need to be aware of before you invest.

  • Limited liquidity: This isn’t a deposit account and your money doesn’t remain immediately accessible to you. CNote isn’t simply holding your money; instead, it’s investing your money with its partners. As a result, you need to provide advance notice before withdrawing your money — and you can only withdraw at certain times during the year.
  • Yield is still too low for long-term wealth building: Even though the yield is higher than a traditional savings account, it’s still not high enough for effective long-term wealth-building. If you’re looking for a way to build your nest egg, consider Stocks, Mutual funds and ETFs.
  • No tax-advantaged options: CNote doesn’t offer you the opportunity to invest with tax advantages. There aren’t IRA or 529 options.

If you decide to use CNote, it’s important to understand how you want to use it in your overall portfolio, since there are limitations to when you can access to your money and limited usefulness as a long-term investment vehicle.

Is CNote safe?

It’s important to note that CNote isn’t a depository institution and it isn’t protected by the FDIC. That means if CNote fails, there’s no guarantee you’ll get your money back. However, the loans made by its CDFI partners to community and municipal projects are generally considered low-risk with stable returns, on par with high-quality Bonds. Most of the projects funded by CDFIs are usually vetted heavily and CDFIs impose their own requirements on borrowers.

CNote also uses what it calls Triple Protection to limit potential losses. Because CNote isn’t a holding company, they don’t keep your money; instead, it goes to CNote’s CDFI partners. CNote only contracts with partners that use government-guaranteed programs, which offer a layer of protection. CNote’s partners are also contractually obligated to repay the loans they receive from CNote, even if something goes wrong. Finally, CNote has a loan loss reserve to help cover potential losses.

However, like any investment, there is still a risk, and you could lose capital in addition to missing out on returns.

Final thoughts

If you’re interested in boosting your yield on a chunk of capital that isn’t doing much, CNote could be an interesting place to park your cash. The returns could be fairly stable and may beat what you’ll get at with a savings account. Plus, you get the added bonus of feeling good about making a positive social impact.

However, you do need to be aware of the liquidity limitations and understand that pre-planning is needed before you access the money you invest using CNote.

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Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Miranda Marquit
Miranda Marquit |

Miranda Marquit is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Miranda here

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Investing

SpeedTrader Review 2019

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

SpeedTrader is an online broker that caters to active day traders. It offers a choice of platforms and a full selection of research and data tools, making it a competitive option. You also get direct market access with more than 25 routing options, a choice of per-share or per-trade pricing, and the ability to trade Stocks, Options, and Bonds.

However, SpeedTrader has a higher minimum deposit requirement than TradeStation and Lightspeed, which are designed for active traders as well. SpeedTrader doesn’t offer as many options for trading platforms as Lightspeed does, and you won’t have access to multiple free trading platforms with SpeedTrader — unlike with either of its close competitors.

SpeedTrader
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The bottom line: SpeedTrader offers direct market access and advanced trading features, including point-and-click trading, real-time market data and hot keys for faster order entry.

  • SpeedTrader provides a choice of trading platforms, including ActiveWeb, SpeedTrader Pro, and SpeedTrader Mobile.
  • Investors get direct market access — with a choice of more than 25 routing options — to allow for faster execution and better filling of orders.
  • Commissions and fees are affordable, especially for high-volume traders.

Who should consider SpeedTrader

If you’re a day trader who needs real-time market data at your fingertips with the ability to place and execute orders as quickly as possible, then SpeedTrader could be an ideal broker for you. SpeedTrader allows you to save multiple screen layouts, create customized watchlists, stream quotes in real time, manage multiple trading accounts in one platform, and customize 100 different hot key options for the fastest possible order entry.

SpeedTrader also provides support for institutional clients, including hedge funds. Or if you are diving into day trading for the first time, you can request free virtual practice accounts with virtual buying power to make sure you’re ready before you risk any real money.

But if you’re looking for features that cater to hands-off traders, such as commission-free ETFs, no-load Mutual funds, or robo-advising services, SpeedTrader is the wrong tool for you. Online brokers such as Ally Invest, Charles Schwab and E-Trade would be more your speed.

SpeedTrader fees and features

Amount minimum to open account
  • $30,000
Account fees (annual, transfer, inactivity)
  • $0 annual fee
  • $75 full account transfer fee
  • $75 partial account transfer fee
  • $30 inactivity fee per quarter
Current promotions

When you open a new account with SpeedTrader, you can get up to $100 in free trades or one month of free trading.

Account types
  • Individual taxable
  • Traditional IRA
  • Roth IRA
  • Joint taxable
  • Rollover IRA
  • Coverdell Education Savings Account(ESA)
  • Custodial Uniform Gifts to Minors Act (UGMA)/Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA)
  • SEP IRA
  • Solo 401(k) (for small businesses)
  • SIMPLE IRA (Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees)
  • Trust
  • Guardianship or Conservatorship
Automatic rebalancing
Tax loss harvesting
Offers fractional shares
Ease of use
Mobile appiOS
Customer supportPhone, Chat, Email

Strengths of SpeedTrader

Some of the key benefits of SpeedTrader include the following:

  • Affordable commissions: With SpeedTrader, you have a choice of how the commissions are structured. You could pay a per-trade fee as low as $2.95 if you make 500 trades or more per month or up to $4.49 per trade if you trade less frequently at under 200 trades in a month — or you could pay a per-share fee instead. Per-share fees start at just $0.0025 if your monthly share volume is at least 500,000 and goes up to $0.0044 if you trade under 250,000 shares. This is comparable to Lightspeed, which charges $0.0045 if you trade under 249,999 shares per month and as low as $0.0010 if you make 15,000,000 or more in trade volume per month. And it’s below TradeStation’s pricing of $5 per trade.
  • Tools to facilitate timely ordering: SpeedTrader is focused on allowing you to place orders as quickly as possible. That’s why you have direct market access with a choice of routing options as well as hot keys to facilitate trades. Most conventional brokers don’t offer direct market access, instead routing customer orders to centralized trading desks, which in turn route to other liquidity providers.
  • Advanced data, charting and research tools: SpeedTrader has multiple platforms, each of which offers customization and advanced tools to help active traders. Investors can create customized watch lists; view streaming quotes as well as time and sales data in real time; and choose from a full array of chart types, including candlestick and price charts.

Drawbacks of SpeedTrader

  • High minimum deposit requirements: SpeedTrader offers only margin and options accounts, and there is a minimum $30,000 deposit for U.S. and foreign clients. There is also a minimum $30,000 deposit if you want to open a day trading account.
  • Costly inactivity fees: There is a $30 inactivity fee per quarter if you execute less than 15 trades.
  • A lack of options for free trading platforms: Lightspeed offers two free trading platforms, while TradeStation doesn’t charge software fees and provides free access to its advanced trading tools. SpeedTrader, on the other hand, charges a minimum of $25 monthly for ActiveWeb unless you generate at least $199 in monthly commissions. And its other platforms are even costlier, with SpeedTrader Pro Level I starting at $49 monthly unless you generate $199 in commissions and SpeedTrader Pro Level II coming in at $104 per month if you have less than $499 in monthly commissions.

Is SpeedTrader safe?

SpeedTrader is committed to account security. It is in full compliance with all regulatory requirements, according to FINRA BrokerCheck. And client assets held with SpeedTrader are insured up to $500,000 since SpeedTrader is a member of the SIPC.

SpeedTrader clients also get additional protection through Lloyd’s of London for up to $24.5 million in assets. That means a combined total of $25 million per client is protected, including up to $1 million in cash.

This insurance does not, however, protect you if the assets you invest in lose value. There are inherent risks to investing, and you could end up losing money if your investments perform poorly.

Final thoughts

SpeedTrader, more than most other online brokers, focuses on facilitating the fastest ordering speeds possible, which is a big benefit for day traders. If speed is of the essence, SpeedTrader is likely the right choice for you. But if you’re looking for a wider choice of trading platforms and are interested in not paying a fee to use them, then you may want to consider Lightspeed or TradeStation instead.

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Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Christy Rakoczy
Christy Rakoczy |

Christy Rakoczy is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Christy here

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