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Updated on Thursday, January 14, 2021
When COVID-19 hit, the whole world anxiously watched the pharmaceutical sector for a cure. And it came through, creating a vaccine in record time.
This success led to a new surge of investor interest, as 36% of investors expect to put more money in pharmaceutical stocks in 2021, according to the latest MagnifyMoney survey of nearly 1,000 investors. In addition, 57% of investors said the promise of a vaccine made them more likely to invest.
MagnifyMoney looked at this new interest from multiple angles, including the expectations, regrets and ethical concerns people had about pharmaceutical investments.
- Key findings
- More than 1 in 3 investors expect to increase pharmaceutical investments as COVID-19 vaccine spurs stock market gains
- Pharmaceutical investors, by the numbers
- More than 8 in 10 current pharmaceutical investors have made related investment amid coronavirus pandemic
- 1 in 10 investors think investing in pharmaceutical stocks is unethical, but they do it anyway
- 47% of investors regret not investing in pharmaceuticals stocks in the past
- 36% of investors expect to invest more in pharmaceutical stocks in 2021, with 57% of investors saying the promise of a COVID-19 vaccine makes them more likely to do so.
- The vast majority (82%) of current pharmaceutical investors have purchased a related stock or increased their spend on a pharma investment amid the coronavirus pandemic. Of that group, 28% did so within the past month.
- 1 in 10 investors say they don’t think investing in pharmaceuticals is ethical but do so anyway. At the same time, nearly a third (31%) of investors who don’t currently invest in these stocks say it’s because they don’t trust big pharma.
- 47% of investors say they regret not investing in pharmaceutical stocks in the past. In fact, 59% of those with regrets say vaccine news would have increased their portfolio value had they invested in pharmaceutical stocks.
More than 1 in 3 investors expect to increase pharmaceutical investments as COVID-19 vaccine spurs stock market gains
As noted, our survey showed that 36% of respondents said they expect to invest more in pharmaceutical stocks in 2021:
Male investors (43%) seemed more interested in investing more in pharmaceutical stocks in 2021 than female investors (25%). Gen Xers (47%) led the way among the age groups, compared with:
- 40% of millennials
- 15% of baby boomers
Tendayi Kapfidze, LendingTree’s chief economist, believes there are good reasons to consider pharmaceutical stocks for investors looking to make money.
“Health care is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the U.S. economy,” Kapfidze said. “An aging population means that demand for health products, including pharmaceuticals, will continue to increase.”
Still, he acknowledged that pharmaceutical investing does have its downsides.
“The products are complex, which can be difficult for the average investor to analyze,” he said. “Drug development is also a risky process, as potential drugs have low odds of reaching the market.”
Pharmaceutical investing gets boost from vaccine development
Given the potential risks and downsides of pharmaceutical stocks, it makes sense that 20% of investors don’t expect to invest in pharma at all in 2021. However, given that 31% of investors didn’t have any pharmaceutical stocks in 2020, this is another sign that the promise of a COVID-19 vaccine increased interest.
Our survey data backs this up, as 57% of respondents said the vaccine made them more likely to invest — once again with a greater impact on male investors than female investors (62% versus 47%, respectively).
Some stocks working on vaccines have performed very well the past year, said Kapfidze, explaining the appeal. However, he cautioned that those gains may be already realized, so future investment earnings could depend on new innovations.
Pharmaceutical investors, by the numbers
Overall, 61% of investors have at least one pharmaceutical stock in their portfolio. Of those investors, the most likely to invest in pharmaceuticals include those with a household income of $100,000-plus (71%), men (68%) and millennials (also 68%).
Noteworthy: 18% of baby boomer investors weren’t sure if there were any pharmaceutical stocks in their portfolio, while only 6% of both millennial and Gen X investors said the same.
Of those investors who have at least one pharmaceutical stock in their portfolio:
- 36% have an individual pharma-related stock they purchased
- 22% invest in a mutual fund that includes pharmaceuticals
- 16% invest in an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that includes pharmaceuticals
As for how investors decide which pharmaceutical stocks to invest in, the reasons vary:
Nearly 2 in 10 (18%) noted a financial advisor or robo-advisor makes those decisions for them. That’s especially true for baby boomers, as nearly a third (32%) who invest in pharmaceuticals said an advisor helps them select which investments to make, versus 17% of Gen Xers and 13% of millennials.
More than 8 in 10 current pharmaceutical investors have made related investment amid coronavirus pandemic
More than 8 in 10 (82%) investors have made some sort of pharmaceutical investment over the past nine months — amid the coronavirus crisis. Here’s how those numbers break down:
The constant news about COVID-19 and the vaccine rollout made an impact on investors. They seem to be tracking the news, as 28% made their most recent purchase within the past month — during the vaccine rollout — and another 27% made their most recent purchase more than a month ago but within the past three months, when the vaccines were getting close to launch.
- 85% of male investors made a pharma-related purchase or increased their spend over the past 9 months, versus 75% of female investors
- 31% of male investors made an investment within the past month, versus 23% of female investors
- 37% of investors earning $100,000-plus made an investment in the past month
Investors overall have been active, as 74% have reallocated their portfolio in some way over the past month. Of this group, 35% reallocated their portfolio to put more money in pharmaceutical investments — with men being more likely to invest more compared to women and Gen Xers and millennials being more likely to move into pharma than baby boomers.
1 in 10 investors think investing in pharmaceutical stocks is unethical, but they do it anyway
The majority of investors — nearly 60% — believe it’s ethical to invest in pharmaceutical stocks. Interestingly, another 10% said it’s unethical, but do it anyway:
Whether investing in pharmaceuticals is ethical is a topic of debate. After all, these companies can profit off life-saving discoveries. They can also end up putting shareholder returns above helping others, such as charging a high price for an essential medicine.
That’s why 12% of investors reported not putting their money in pharmaceutical stocks due to ethical concerns. Female investors (14%) were more likely than male investors (10%) to avoid pharma due to ethics.
Still, money talks, as another 10% of investors put money in pharmaceutical stocks even though they had issues. Millennial investors were the most likely of all generations to override their concerns, as 14% put money in pharmaceutical stocks despite seeing the industry as unethical.
In the end, 58% believe it’s ethical to invest in pharmaceutical stocks. Kapfidze also believes that the good outweighs the bad.
“Pharma advancements over the past 100 years have increased life expectancy significantly, and the industry is currently at the forefront of the response to the coronavirus,” he said.
When you invest in pharmaceutical stocks, you’re putting your money toward funding these innovations.
47% of investors regret not investing in pharmaceuticals stocks in the past
For investors sitting on the sidelines, it was tough watching the recent gains in pharmaceutical stocks. In fact, 47% of investors regret not investing in these stocks in the past:
Male investors (53%) were more likely to regret not investing in pharmaceutical stock than female investors (38%). This makes sense given that men were more involved with managing their investments, so they may be more aware of what they’ve missed. It would likely be even more frustrating for the 42% of investors who sold stock at the start of the pandemic, as nearly all regret doing so.
When asked why they regretted not investing in pharmaceutical stocks, the top reasons these investors gave were:
- The news of the vaccines would have increased the value of their portfolios should they have invested in those stocks (59%)
- They would have been able to benefit from longer-term gains (42%)
- Many people are buying these stocks now, so the price has gone up (13%)
Still, not all investors regret keeping their money out: Nearly a third who don’t invest in pharmaceutical stocks said it’s because they don’t trust big pharma.
Here are the rest of their reasons:
When it comes to not investing, female investors (52%) were more likely to not have a specific reason than male investors (39%).
Getting started with pharmaceutical stocks
Kapfidze’s main piece of advice for investors looking to get in on pharmaceutical stocks is to do so cautiously.
“Make sure your investments in pharma are part of a diversified portfolio in order to manage risk,” he said.
Even if you are optimistic about pharma’s potential, you should still make these investments only a part of your portfolio rather than the entire thing, so you don’t have all your eggs in one basket. After all, diversification is one of the most important strategies for trading stocks.
Another option is to invest through an ETF or mutual fund (used by 37% of investors). These funds take your money to buy a large portfolio of pharmaceutical stocks, managed by a professional investor. That way, they handle the research and picks for you.
Finally, consider meeting with a financial advisor before making trades and putting more money into pharmaceutical stocks. Given the high interest in this sector these days, it should be a topic they’re used to discussing.
MagnifyMoney commissioned Qualtrics to conduct an online survey of 954 consumers with at least one investment account. The sample base was proportioned to represent the overall population, and all responses were reviewed by researchers to ensure quality control. The survey was fielded Dec. 17, 2020 through Dec. 21, 2020.
We defined generations as the following ages in 2020:
- Millennial: 24 to 39
- Generation X: 40 to 54
- Baby boomer: 55 to 74
The survey also included responses from Generation Z (ages 18 to 23) and the silent generation (75 and older). However, their responses weren’t included in the generational breakdowns due to low sample size among investors in those age groups.