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7 Stock Market Strategies for Newbie Investors

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

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Stepping into the stock market for the first time can be exciting, but it also can be intimidating. What to buy, when to sell, and just how much you stand to make or lose are all questions first-time investors must consider. The good news? Investing in the stock market doesn’t have to be complicated.

7 stock market strategies for beginners

There’s no foolproof rule for investing in the stock market, of course, but there are some basic guidelines that could improve your chances of success.

1. Diversify, diversify, diversify

You’ve heard the warning not to put all your eggs in one basket, and it’s more relevant than ever when it comes to investing in the stock market. Investing all your money in one company, no matter how much you believe in it, isn’t wise. There are no sure bets, and spreading out the money you invest among various companies lowers your risk of losing big.

Robert Johnson, Ph.D., chartered financial analyst, chartered alternative investment analyst and professor of finance at Heider College of Business at Creighton University, said index funds are an easy way to diversify.

“Don’t overcomplicate investing,” Johnson said. ”For most investors, all you really need to do is invest in a diversified index mutual fund or exchange-traded fund with a low fee. It diversifies you, you’re not paying a lot in expenses, and you get a broad swath of the market. You get that diversification.”

2. Think of investing as a marathon, not a sprint

History has shown the stock market is a strong financial bet if you give it enough time. Johnson said that, on average, the stock market has gone up about 10% a year since 1926. In comparison, bonds have gone up about 6% a year. The difference between 10% and 6% compounded is huge, and the stock market is the clear winner.

You have to be patient, though, and not pull out your money at the first sign of volatility. Some years, the stock market will be down, but over several years or decades, investments in the market generally increase in value.

Johnson said too many people have a short-term perspective when it comes to the stock market. “Time in the market is more important than timing the market,” he said. “What you want is a disciplined, long-term approach.”

3. Ignore the hype

Buy! Sell! The financial media is constantly handing out advice, often sending people’s emotions rising and plummeting with the market. The key, Johnson said, is to ignore it for the most part and stay on a steady course.

He said a 500-point drop in the Dow Jones Industrial Average may sound alarming, but that’s just a little over 1% given the index fund today. By comparison, the stock market fell nearly 22% on Black Monday in October 1987. So while it seems like the market has been volatile this year, the fact is it doesn’t even rank when you look at major percentage declines historically, according to Johnson.

“People infer that there is a lot of volatility in the market when really there isn’t,” he said. “That’s the way markets work. They’re not any more volatile today than they have been historically.”

The stock market goes up and down, but in the long run, it’s one of the best ways to accumulate wealth if you don’t buy and sell based on every headline. Johnson said that one of the biggest mistakes people make is trying to time the market. They get out of the market when stocks tumble and then get back in when stocks rise. That, unfortunately, means they’re buying high and selling low, which is the opposite of what investors should do.

4. Invest easily in a retirement plan

Employer-sponsored retirement accounts, such as 401(k) plans, offer a simple way to jump into the stock market. You contribute a set amount of your paycheck to be invested in a variety of stocks and funds, where it grows tax-deferred (traditional 401(k)s) or tax-free (Roth 401(k)s) until you reach retirement. Since your contributions typically are deducted automatically from your paycheck, it’s an easy way to automate investments in the stock market without much effort on your part. If your employer offers matching contributions, that’s even better.

If you max out your 401(k) contributions or your employer doesn’t offer a plan, you also can consider opening an individual retirement account (IRA), which lets you invest money in the stock market with tax options (traditional and Roth) and benefits similar to a 401(k).

5. Make investing a regular habit

Making regular contributions to your investments is incredibly important to long-term success in the stock market, and automating those investments is one of the best ways to ensure they happen.

“What you want to do is to automate as many decisions as you can, as it then becomes a habit,” Johnson said. “It becomes a habit almost unbeknownst to you.”

Johnson explained that people’s inherent laziness can work to their advantage since they have to make an effort and take a few steps to undo the automatic investments once they’ve set them up.

Most automated investments, such as 401(k) contributions, use a dollar cost averaging strategy, which invests a set amount into the market at regular intervals (weekly, monthly, quarterly, etc.) regardless of whether the market is up, down or sideways. You basically set it and forget it. Over time, this strategy can protect you from market fluctuations, prevent you from making moves based on emotion and increase your overall return.

6. Create a plan — and then stick to it

Johnson suggested that new investors should develop an investment policy statement that includes their goals, objectives and target asset allocation. He said it should be developed when the market is relatively calm and you are clearheaded.

Then, when the market gets a bit shaky and you start to falter in your resolve to stay in the market, you can refer back to it. While you can do this on your own, you may want to consider hiring a financial planner to help with the process. They can help you come up with a plan and prevent you from making an ill-advised move.

7. Take more risk

“One of the biggest problems young people have today is that they fail to take enough financial risk,” Johnson said.

“Risk sounds like a pejorative term, but there’s a risk-return ratio in financial markets. You need to embrace the risk of the stock market to earn the long-term returns of the stock market,” Johnson said. “Over long periods of time, the stock market beats all other forms of investment pretty significantly. What many young people fail to realize is that they have the biggest factor for success [in the stock market] in their favor, and that’s time.”

If you’re looking for a guaranteed get-rich-quick solution, the stock market isn’t your answer. If, however, you’re looking for a solid long-term way to maximize your money, the stock market is an excellent option to consider.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Julie Ryan Evans
Julie Ryan Evans |

Julie Ryan Evans is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Julie here

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What Is SIPC Insurance?

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

When you deposit funds at the bank, you can rest easy knowing that the biggest threat to your money is probably your own spending habits. Thanks to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), you never have to worry about the safety of your bank deposits. But what about the money your pour into retirement accounts, like an IRA or a 401(k)?

The FDIC protects your covered bank deposits in case the institution goes under and is no longer solvent. This government corporation insures approximately $12.6 trillion dollars across 5,406 institutions in the country. When it comes to retirement accounts, the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC) protects your funds, although SIPC insurance works somewhat differently than the FDIC’s guarantee.

Read on to find more on exactly how and under what circumstances the SIPC protects your investment accounts.

What does SIPC insurance protect you from?

“SIPC is an important part of the overall system of investor protection in the United States,” said Josephine Wang, CEO of the SIPC. “SIPC works to restore investors’ cash and securities when a brokerage firm fails. Without SIPC, customers at financially-troubled brokerage firms might lose their investments forever.”

In the event that the broker holding your retirement funds goes out of business, SIPC insurance covers up to a combined $500,000 worth of cash and securities, such as stocks and bonds, per account. That protection covers up to $250,000 in cash in the account.

In other words, if you have $400,000 in securities and $100,000 in cash in your brokerage account, and you see on the news that the entire company’s leadership was charged with acting as a front for drug traffickers and the brokerage fails, you can rest easy so long as it registered with the SIPC.

In the above scenario, if your brokerage account had $500,000 in securities and $50,000 in cash, you wouldn’t be fully covered because the total value in the account exceeds the SICP’s $500,000 limit.

For the purposes of the SIPC’s insurance plan, covered securities include:

  • Stocks
  • Bonds
  • Treasury securities
  • Certificates of deposit
  • Mutual funds
  • Money market mutual funds

Some notable investments that SIPC does not cover are:

  • Any investments in foreign currencies
  • Commodity futures (an agreement to buy or sell a certain commodity, such as gold or frozen orange juice, at a specific time and price in the future).

What types of losses are not covered by the SIPC?

SIPC insurance only makes you whole if your brokerage goes out of business. It does not cover losses that stem from the regular ups and downs of markets, which are part of the normal risks and rewards of investing. SIPC insurance won’t help you if your wealth manager makes terrible investment decisions, or if the account underperforms.

Unlike the FDIC, which promises to replace every last penny you lose in an insured account should the bank go under up to its $250,000 per account limit, SIPC insurance doesn’t take into account the value of investments when you purchased them. It only reimburses you for the market value of the investments when the brokerage went under — plus the full value of cash accounts up to the $250,000 cap.

So, if you bought 100 shares of Pets.com at $11 a share in February 2000 but your brokerage firm went under in November 2000 when Pets.com was trading at $0.19 a share, guess what? SPIC insurance is only obligated to return 100 shares at the price the stock currently trades for.

How does SIPC insurance compare to FDIC insurance?

 

SIPC

FDIC

What does it cover?

Securities and cash related to the purchasing and trading of those securities in an account with an SIPC-registered broker

Deposit accounts of an FDIC bank or financial institutions, such as a checking account, savings account, money market account, etc.

What are the limits of coverage?

$500,000 per account (per separate capacity*), with up to $250,000 for cash

$250,000 per account (per ownership capacity/account type)

Does the insurance require customers to opt in?

No

No

*See the section below for a more detailed explanation of “separate capacity.”

What if I have multiple accounts with the same brokerage?

The issue of multiple accounts with the same broker can quickly become confusing. We can’t stress enough that you should consult directly with your brokerage firm or financial institution about how SIPC insurance covers multiple, separate accounts with the same broker.

In general, the SIPC provides you with the maximum amount of coverage for each separate account you have, as long as those accounts are classified as a different type, what is officially termed as “separate capacity.”

Here are some examples of what the SIPC considers a “separate capacity,” which you may recognize as different account types:

  • Individual accounts
  • Joint accounts
  • Corporate accounts
  • Trust accounts created under state law
  • Individual retirement accounts (IRAs)
  • Roth IRAs
  • Accounts held by executors for estates
  • Account held by guardians for a ward or minor

To help clarify this important point, here are a few scenarios where you might have multiple accounts at the same brokerage with SIPC coverage:

  • You have one individual account open in your name: No surprises here, your account is covered up to $500,000.
  • You have two individual accounts open in your name: Because an individual account is one type of “separate capacity,” your $500,000 worth of coverage is spread across both accounts.
  • You have a traditional IRA account and a Roth IRA account: Each of these accounts is treated as a separate capacity, and so each receives the full $500,000 amount of coverage.

The bottom line on SIPC insurance

Just as investing is inherently more risky than putting your money in a deposit account at the bank, the SIPC insurance doesn’t offer the same iron-clad guarantee that the FDIC provides. While SIPC insurance will make sure you get your securities back should your brokerage firm fail, it isn’t concerned with replacing the value of those securities and protecting you from the fluctuations of the stock market.

That said, it still plays an important role in protecting you from a spectacular failure on your broker’s part. Imagine if you lost your shares in Apple or Amazon before its meteoric rise, and the value of SIPC insurance becomes apparent.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

James Ellis
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James Ellis is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email James here

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The Best Robo-Advisors of 2019

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

If you’re new to the world of investing in stocks and bonds, knowing where to begin can be an intimidating prospect. Robo-advisors could be the best choice to start your investing journey. They make putting money in the market simple and intuitive utilizing smartphone apps and sophisticated computer algorithms.

Robo-advisors invest your money in diversified portfolios of stocks and bonds that are customized to your needs. Since computers do the work, they are able to charge much lower fees than traditional wealth advisors.

They begin the process with a questionnaire to assess your financial goals and your risk tolerance. Based on your answers, robo-advisors purchase low-cost exchange-traded funds (ETFs) for you and adjust the portfolio — or rebalance, as they say on Wall Street — on a regular basis, with no further intervention required from you.

To match your risk tolerance, robo-advisors offer more aggressive portfolios containing a greater percentage of stock ETFs, or more conservative ones containing a greater percentage of bond ETFs. The robo-advisor will also consider your age in developing your portfolio.

How we chose the best robo-advisors

We regularly review the latest robo-advisor offerings — we’ve evaluated 19 different ones in this round — and have selected our top choices. All of the robo-advisors on this list may well be worth considering, with those at the top scoring the best in our methodology.

To determine our list of the best robo-advisors, we focused on management fees and account minimums, and also considered ease of use and customer support.

The top 7 robo-advisors of May 2019

Robo-advisorAnnual Management FeeAverage Expense Ratio (moderate risk portfolio)Account Minimum to Start
Wealthfront0.25%0.09%$500
Charles Schwab Intelligent Portfolios0.00%0.14%$5,000
Betterment0.25% (up to $100,000), 0.40% (over $100,000)0.11%$0
SoFi Automated Investing0.00%0.08%$1
SigFig0.00% (up to $10,000), 0.25% (over $10,000)0.15%$2,000
WiseBanyan0.00%0.12%$1
Acorns$12/yr0.03%-0.15%$5

Wealthfront — Low fees, high APR for cash account

Wealthfront
Wealthfront’s stand-out features are its low annual cost and free financial planning tools. The 0.25% management fee and 0.09% average ETF expense ratio adds up to one of the lowest annual costs on this list. In addition, Wealthfront includes a cash management account with an attractive 2.29% APY.

Wealthfront continues to steal share in wealth management as customers fed up with high fees leave traditional brokerages and wealth advisors. Human interaction is intentionally minimal at Wealthfront: This could be a benefit to those who want to be left alone, or a drawback for those who would prefer personal attention or who have complicated tax situations.

Wealthfront’s key attributes:

  • Fees: Management fee of 0.25%, plus 0.09% avg ETF expense ratio
  • Minimum starting deposit: $500
  • Investing strategy: Wealthfront invests your money in one of 20 different automated portfolios. Each portfolio is a different mix of 11 low-cost ETFs, which are rated with risk scores from 0.5 (least risk) to 10.0 (most risk).
  • Average annual return over the past five years: 5.40% per year, based on Wealthfront’s mid-level 5.0 risk score.
  • Other notable features: Tax-loss harvesting (see below for a full explanation of tax-loss harvesting) comes standard, also includes an FDIC-insured cash management account yielding 2.29% APY.

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Charles Schwab Intelligent Portfolios — Brand-name brokerage

Charles Schwab
Intelligent Portfolios can be a smart choice, but do not be misled by the 0% management fees — investing with this robo-advisor still comes at a cost. Intelligent Portfolios requires users to hold 6% to 30% of deposited funds in cash at a 0.70% APY, which will eat into overall returns in years where the market returns above 0.7%. This is on top of an average 0.14% expense ratio for a moderate portfolio. The $5,000 minimum deposit to open an account may also be too high a bar for investors just starting out.

That said, Intelligent Portfolios has an exceptionally detailed description of their ETF selection methodology, and a major brokerage like Schwab can be a good launchpad for folks who anticipate getting deeper into investing. Intelligent Portfolios users get access to Charles Schwab’s 300 U.S. branch locations where you can talk to advisors and handle administrative tasks in person.

Key attributes of Intelligent Portfolios:

  • Fees: Zero management fee, but customers must hold 6% to 30% of their portfolio in cash at 0.7% APR, plus 0.14% avg ETF expense ratio.
  • Minimum starting deposit: $5,000
  • Investing strategy: Schwab invests your money in a custom portfolio with two main components: ETFs representing up to 20 different asset classes, including stocks and bonds; and cash, in the form of a FDIC-insured cash sweep program earning 0.7% APY. Cash must be between 6% and 30% of the portfolio.
  • Average annual return from 3/31/2015 to 12/31/2018: 3.1% per year for medium-risk portfolio
  • Other notable features: Tax loss harvesting available for accounts over $50K, includes access to in-person assistance at over 300 U.S. branch locations.

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Betterment — Low fees for balances under $100K

Betterment
Betterment offers a full suite of robo-advisor features at low cost with no minimum deposit. The annual management fee for accounts under $100,000 is 0.25%, plus an average 0.11% expense ratio. Unfortunately, accounts over $100,000 will see the annual management fee jump to 0.40%. One advantage Betterment gives to accounts above the $100,000 threshold is that they can actively manage some assets. If active management is your goal, though, you can avoid Betterment’s 0.40% fee by opening a free brokerage account — so if you are managing more than $100,000, you may want to consider a different robo-advisor.

Betterment’s key attributes:

  • Fees: If total balance is less than $100,000, the annual management fee is 0.25% of assets; for balances over $100,000, management fee rises to 0.40% of assets. The average ETF expense ratio is 0.11% (for a 70% stock and 30% bond portfolio).
  • Minimum starting deposit: $0
  • Investing strategy: Betterment invests your money in an automated portfolio comprised of stock and bond ETFs in 12 different asset classes.
  • Average annual return over five years: 6.2% per year on a 50% equity portfolio (July 2013 to July 2018).
  • Other notable features: Tax-loss harvesting comes standard; active management features for clients with $100,000+ balance; several premium portfolios available.

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SoFi Automated Investing — Low costs, great perks

SoFi
SoFi Automated Investing’s 0.00% management fee and ultra-low 0.08% average expense ratio makes it one of the most competitively-priced robo-advisors in the market. Valuable perks come with opening a SoFi account, including free access to SoFi financial advisors, free career counseling and discounts on loans.

Automated Investing’s main downside is that their portfolios are less customizable than its peers’, with only five different risk levels to choose from, as opposed to at least 10 available from others. SoFi does not offer tax loss harvesting yet, though this may change in the near future.

SoFi Automated Investing’s key attributes:

  • Fees: Zero management fee, plus 0.08% avg expense ratio.
  • Minimum starting deposit: $1
  • Investing strategy: All SoFi Automated Investing portfolios are actively managed. This means that real humans at SoFi decide the makeup of the five model portfolios, which they believe will add value beyond what passive investing offers. SoFi invests your money in one of five portfolios of low-cost ETFs, covering 16 different asset classes. Each of the five portfolios has two versions: one is for taxable accounts and the other for tax-deferred or tax-free accounts, like IRAs and Roth IRAs. SoFi only rebalances portfolios monthly, versus some peers which check for this opportunity daily.
  • Average annual return over five years: 6.78% per year on the moderate risk portfolio (60% stocks / 40% bonds).
  • Other notable features: Commission-free stock trades in separate Active Investing accounts. SoFi’s combined checking/savings product, SoFi Money, offers 2.25% APY on deposits. Customers must open this account separately.

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SigFig — Free access to advisors

SigFig
Free access to financial advisors by phone and 0.00% management fees on the first $10,000 deposited are SigFig’s biggest strong points. On deposits over $10,000, management fees rise to 0.25%. Expense ratios are on the high side compared to the competition, at an average of 0.15%.

One of SigFig’s peculiarities is that they do not hold your assets. If you open a new account, SigFig will open an account at TD Ameritrade for you and then manage it. Current TD Ameritrade, Fidelity and Charles Schwab customers can also use SigFig’s robo-advisor services.

The $2,000 minimum deposit may put SigFig out of reach for some, but SigFig is worth a look for investors looking to keep robo-advisor costs low.

SigFig’s key attributes:

  • Fees: Zero annual management fee for the first $10,000; management fee rises to 0.25% of assets on balances over $10,000. Average ETF expense ratio of 0.15%, depending on allocation.
  • Minimum starting deposit: $2,000
  • Investing strategy: SigFig invests your money in an automated portfolio based on how you indicate you want to invest. Each portfolio is made of ETFs from Vanguard, iShares and Schwab, comprising stocks and bonds in nine different asset classes. The specific ETFs SigFig invests in will vary based on whether your account is held at TD Ameritrade, Fidelity, or Schwab.
  • Average annual return over five years: 5.45% per year for moderate portfolio (as of 4/24/2019)
    Other notable features: SigFig has a free portfolio tracker that allows investors to track their entire portfolio’s performance across multiple brokers.

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WiseBanyan — No-frills choice for beginners

WiseBanyan
A 0.00% management fee for core robo-advisor functionality makes WiseBanyan a good choice for beginning investors who can get by with a no-frills offering. Make sure to notice that they still charge a 0.12% average ETF expense ratio, so it is not completely free.

WiseBanyan charges premiums for features that come standard with other robo-advisors, including tax loss harvesting (0.24% of assets up to $20/month max), expanded investment options ($3/month) and auto-deposit ($2/month). If you care about these other features, do the math based on your own portfolio size to compare WiseBanyan to its peers.

WiseBanyan’s key attributes:

  • Fees: Zero management fee, plus average ETF expense ratio of 0.12%. Premium features carry additional fees and higher expense ratios.
  • Minimum starting deposit: $1
  • How WiseBanyan invests your money: For basic Core Portfolio users, portfolios comprise ETFs across nine asset classes, with an average expense ratio of 0.03% to 0.69%. If you upgrade to the Portfolio Plus Package, you gain access to 31 total asset classes with exposure to ETFs tracking oil and gas, precious metals and other industries, with an average expense ratio of 0.03% to 0.75%.
  • Average annual return over five years: Not provided
  • Other notable features: Premium offerings, including tax loss harvesting (0.24% /month up to $20/month max), Fast Money auto-deposit ($2/month) and Portfolio Plus ($3/month).

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Acorns — Unique savings functionality

Acorns
By rounding up the spare change from your transactions and placing it into an investment account, Acorns provides a clever way to get started with investing. The main drawback is that, until you have more than $4,800 deposited in an Acorns Core account, the $1/month fee will actually be proportionally higher than the 0.25% management fees that most competitors charge.

Acorns does not offer tax loss harvesting, joint accounts, or access to financial advisors currently. Still, if you’re looking for an easy way to start investing, give Acorns a shot.

Key attributes of Acorns:

  • Fees: $1/month for Acorns Core, plus ETF expense ratios ranging from 0.03% to 0.15%
  • Minimum starting deposit: $5
  • How Acorns invests your money: Acorns invests your money in one of five automated portfolios— notably, this is a more limited number of portfolios than some other competitors. Each portfolio comprises ETFs across seven asset classes.
  • Average annual return over past five years: Not provided
  • Other notable features: Offers two add-on accounts for expanded functionality with Acorns Later retirement product ($2/month) and Acorns Spend checking account ($3/month).

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What is a robo-advisor?

A robo-advisor is a service that uses computer algorithms to invest customers’ money in portfolios customized to their needs. Since robo-advisors create these portfolios using automated algorithms, they can charge a fraction of what human advisors do and still offer advanced benefits like auto-rebalancing and tax-loss harvesting to boost overall returns. Most robo-advisors start with a questionnaire to assess your financial goals, risk tolerance and assets. Based on the answers, the robo-advisor allocates your investments accordingly.

How do I choose the right robo-advisor?

When considering which robo-advisor to choose, you should focus on management fees, minimum balances, ease of use and customer support. The lower the fees, the more money stays in your account. The top robo-advisors typically charge a flat management fee of 0.00% to 0.50% of your deposited balance. In addition, you pay an expense ratio to cover the fees charged by the companies offering the ETFs that comprise your investment portfolio. Note that some robo-advisors claim to offer zero management fees, but still charge an expense ratio.

Make sure you are comfortable leaving your deposits with a robo-advisor for the medium to long term — think five to eight years. There are a number of robo-advisors with $0 account minimums and most are under $5,000 today.

How do I open a robo-advisor account?

Most robo-advisors can have you up and running with an account in a few minutes. Typically you create a username, fill out a questionnaire to assess your financial goals and risk tolerance and connect your profile to a bank account. There may be some additional steps required for verification depending on the robo-advisor.

What other features should I consider?

Robo-advisors offer a host of additional features, including tax loss harvesting, cash management options, checking accounts and rewards programs. Cash management can provide a meaningful compliment for users who keep some of their portfolio in cash. Some robo-advisors offer an APY of more than 2.00% on cash management accounts. Tax loss harvesting can make a difference for users looking to lower tax exposure.

What is tax loss harvesting?

Tax loss harvesting is a tax strategy that some robo-advisors offer to help clients reduce their tax bill. Generally, this involves selling an asset that has lost value for a loss, using that loss to offset capital gains taxes or income taxes, then purchasing a similar but not “substantially identical” asset to maintain exposure to the asset class. The details behind each robo-advisor’s strategy can get complicated and should be looked at in detail to make sure you understand what you are getting into.

Capital losses from tax loss harvesting can be used to offset capital gains and can potentially offset up to $3,000 (or $1,500 if married and filing separately) of ordinary income.

What if my robo-advisor goes out of business?

While not a pleasant thought, it is possible that a robo-advisor could go out of business. Most robo-advisors insure clients’ assets through the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC). This is different from the bank account coverage provided by the FDIC; generally, SIPC coverage includes up to $500,000 in protection per separate account type, with up to $250,000 of cash assets protected.

Keep in mind that the SIPC will take necessary steps to return securities and account holdings to impacted clients, but will not protect against any rise or fall in value of those holdings. This means that if you make a bad investment in a stock, the SIPC ensures you still own that bad stock, but do not replace losses from a poor investment. Some brokers also insure assets beyond the $500,000 in SIPC coverage through “excess of SIPC” insurance.

See the full list of SIPC members at their site, along with a detailed explanation of how SIPC coverage works.

The bottom line

Robo-advisors can be an excellent option for users who are starting their investing journeys, rolling over a 401(k) or who want to minimize the time needed to manage their investments. By creating a customized portfolio based on your financial goals and automatically rebalancing your account, a robo-advisor can help to maximize your return while taking on the right amount of risk.

Because robo-advisors run off of automated algorithms, you should be comfortable with little or no human touch for your investments. The upshot to low human interaction is that fees are generally much lower than with a registered investment advisor, which may be worth the tradeoff as part of an overall financial plan.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

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Joshua Rowe |

Joshua Rowe is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Joshua here

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