Advertiser Disclosure

News

It Might Be Time to Adjust Your Tax Withholdings for 2018

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone. It has not been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.

Written By

It is advised that wage earners update their W-4 form whenever a major life event occurs, like a recent marriage or the birth of a child. It’s particularly important this year, however, to review your withholdings as the new tax law went into effect Jan. 1.

Under the new tax law, many Americans saw their tax brackets change, with the standard deduction almost doubling for both individuals and married couples, as well as changes to other common tax credits. These changes could affect how many allowances you should claim and how much tax should be withheld from your paycheck.

For many taxpayers, if they leave their W-4 form unchanged, it’s possible their withholdings will be off and, they could owe — or be owed — more taxes than usual. Depending on your personal preference, getting a big tax bill vs. giving Uncle Sam an interest-free loan for the year may not bother you as much. But for others, withholding too much in taxes throughout the year — that is, paying more than you really owe and getting a refund later — could mean losing access to much-needed extra funds during the year.

In an ideal situation, tax experts say it’s best if you owe no taxes at all and get a small refund.

But where do you even begin to figure out whether or not you should make an adjustment?

We’ll offer answers to key questions you may have in this post.

Experts we spoke with for this story have one common bit of advice for taxpayers: Check your paychecks and, if needed, adjust your tax withholdings for 2018 sooner rather than later.

Key terms to know

W-4: On a W-4 form, employees provide personal information, such as marital status, as well as any allowances you’d like to claim or additional income tax you’d like withheld. Employers use this information to determine how much tax to withhold for that employee.

Allowances: The more allowances you claim on your W-4, the less money will be withheld from your income in taxes throughout the year. If you want more money withheld, claim fewer allowances on your W-4.

Withholdings: Employees pay their federal income tax through tax withholdings, which are taken out of their paycheck. Tax may also be withheld from bonuses, commissions and other forms of income.

Standard deduction: The standard deduction is a flat dollar amount that reduces your taxable income and varies according to your filing status. You can only claim the standard deduction if you don’t itemize your taxes. The standard deduction nearly doubles under the new tax law.

  • Single: $12,000
  • Head of household: $18,000
  • Married couples filing jointly: $24,000

Itemized deductions: Some expenses are tax deductible, such as charitable donations or interest paid on student loans. If you add up tax deductible expenses you paid throughout the year and the amount is larger than the standard deduction, you will likely choose to take the itemized deductions instead.

Should you adjust your withholdings for 2018?

First, a quick primer on the importance of the W-4 form: The higher the number of allowances you claim on your W-4, the lower your tax withholding is throughout the year. Therefore, you can expect a bigger paycheck.

As a result of the tax changes, the majority of Americans will see a slight bump in their take-home pay, Mark Luscombe, principal analyst at Wolters Kluwer Tax & Accounting, told MagnifyMoney.

“If they don’t adjust their withholding, they are likely to see a bigger paycheck,” Luscombe said. “If they file a revised W-4, then that could mean even a bigger paycheck. But it really depends on what they put on the new W-4.”

Luscombe said it’s important that employees — especially those in more complex tax situations — update their W-4 form, making sure their withholding is as accurate as possible.

TurboTax CPA Lisa Greene Lewis said those who usually claimed the standard deduction may see fewer changes under the new tax law than itemizers unless major personal or financial events are happening this year. The biggest change they will see is a bigger standard deduction. The population of taxpayers claiming the standard deduction is expected to grow under the new tax law as a result of the almost doubling of the standard deduction and the elimination or reduction of some itemized deductions.

The story may be different if you’re planning to itemize. That’s because the new IRS withholding tables, which payroll departments use to determine how much money to take out or your paycheck, assumes each worker will claim the cut-and-dried standard deduction. But the tables don’t take into account all the individual factors that might be involved, such as the number of children the taxpayer has, experts say.

Here are some of the groups who might want to make an adjustment:

People who prefer a smaller refund

Under the new tax law, it’s expected many Americans will see a bigger paycheck than usual. That means, if they make no changes to the current withholdings and have the same amount of taxes withheld as 2017, they may get a bigger refund next year.

It’s worth pointing out that some people may actually prefer things this way. They may see their annual tax refund as a form of forced savings or a nice windfall they can use to catch up on debt or cover their annual family vacation. Nearly 112 million tax filers received an average tax refund of $2,895 last year, according to the IRS.

“Some people seem to not mind giving an interest-free loans to the government and like getting a big refund at the end,” Luscombe said. “I guess maybe they think the government is better at saving their money than they are.”

But if you prefer a smaller tax refund later — especially if you plan on itemizing and claiming deductions for 2018 — you may want to revise your W-4, increasing the number of allowances you claim to lower the withholding even further, Luscombe added.

People who itemize their deductions

Because the standard deduction was nearly doubled under the new tax law, many people who used to claim itemized deductions may now have to claim the standard deduction for 2018. When you know you’re going to claim deductions on your taxes, you might choose to have less taxes withheld throughout the year, experts say.

If you were in this camp of people before, you might very well decide that it makes more sense to claim the increased standard deduction in lieu of itemizing in 2018 if the standard deduction is now more than your itemized deductions. And in that case, certain deductions are gone or reduced. So you need to go back to your W-4 and make an adjustment so more taxes are withheld than before, Lewis said

Even before the biggest tax reform legislation in a generation passed, itemizers always had a more complicated time around tax season.

In a recent MagnifyMoney study, we analyzed IRS tax data for 100 of the largest U.S. metros over a five-year period (2012-2016). We found that itemizers were more likely to owe taxes than those who claimed the standard deduction.

The new tax law gives itemizers just one more reason to carefully estimate their 2018 tax obligation to avoid owing money to the government.

Families with children

Married couples with children should also move quickly to figure out their 2018 tax liability due to the elimination of personal exemptions and the increase in child tax credit.

In the past, taxpayers could reduce their adjusted gross income by claiming personal exemptions — generally for the taxpayer, their spouse and their dependents. Married people who filed jointly could claim up to five personal exemptions if they have three children, also allowing five withholding allowances or more if they itemize, Lewis said.

Things will be a little more complicated this year. While the personal exemptions are gone, the child tax credit — which allows parents to offset the cost of raising children — doubles to $2,000 per qualifying child, up from $1,000.

“If [couples who itemize] didn’t change their withholding for 2018, they could wind up owing money to the government, because they are going to see more money in their paycheck, but it depends on their deductions,” Lewis said. “If they normally claimed the standard deduction, they may not because the IRS says their new withholding tables incorporate [that situation].”

How make sure your withholdings are correct

We get it, this stuff can be incredibly difficult to understand.

One way to get your bearings and a general sense of whether you should adjust your withholdings is to use the new IRS withholding worksheet and calculator.

The IRS finally updated the much-anticipated new W-4 worksheet and its online withholding calculator for 2018 to reflect changes in the new tax law.

April Walker, lead manager on the tax practice and ethics team of the American Institute of CPAs, suggests taxpayers go through the worksheet on the new W-4 and fill it out based on your personal and financial situation. You will be able to figure out the number of allowances you can take for 2018, which may or may not change from 2017.

Another strategy is to take a look at your most recent paycheck to see how much was taken out in federal taxes. Compare that number with the number you get from the IRS tax withholding calculator, which can project your 2018 tax obligation. Walker said that’s a pretty general way of making sure that your withholding is in line with what your actual liability will be.

If your withholding seems to be too low compared with your estimated 2018 liability, you can adjust the number of allowances down, Walker said. There is also an option to withhold more if you are already claiming zero allowances. If it looks like you are withholding too much, you can increase the number of allowances so that your withholding will decrease.

Because of the delay in starting the new withholding rules (companies were required to comply with the new withholding rules by Feb. 28), many people were basically withheld under the rules from the old tax law for January and February. So in some cases, employees may have more withholding than they otherwise should have had under the new rules, Luscombe said.

This doesn’t mean you paid more taxes than you should have. The withholdings for the first two months will be reflected in your tax return in 2019. But they might be higher than they should have been.

If you surely don’t want to lend Uncle Sam even one more penny than you should, Luscombe said you can compare your withholdings in March with your withholdings in January. Depending on how much the difference is, you could claim more allowances in the following months to offset the higher withholdings in January and February.

If you still have questions about your withholdings, you may want to seek out a CPA for help.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Advertiser Disclosure

News

The Trump Tax Plan Explained

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone. It has not been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.

Written By

Reviewed By

When the Trump tax plan, formally known as The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), was enacted in 2017, taxes changed drastically for many Americans. Noted as the most sweeping rewrite of the tax code in more than three decades, the tax reform implemented new federal income tax brackets and doubled the standard deduction, among many other changes.

The majority of the Trump tax plan’s changes went into effect on Jan. 1, 2018, which means most Americans felt the impact of the TCJA for the first time when they filed their 2019 taxes.

What the Trump tax plan changed

Some of the changes made by the Trump tax plan may already be familiar to you, but here you can read about all of the changes it introduced or jump ahead to read about the rules you’re most interested in:

A 529 college savings plan is a tax-advantaged savings account designed to encourage saving for qualified future higher-education costs, such as tuition, fees and room and board. Your money is invested and grows tax free.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Previously, 529 plan savings could only be used on qualified higher education expenses.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

In a major victory for wealthier families, you can now use 529 savings for private K-12 schooling.

Tax benefits are now extended to eligible education expenses for an elementary or secondary public, private, or religious school.

The new rules allow you to withdraw up to $10,000 a year per student (child) for education costs.

The individual mandate was a key provision of the Affordable Care Act that required non-exempt U.S. citizens and noncitizens who lawfully reside in the country to have health insurance.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

Consumers who did not qualify for an exemption and chose not to purchase insurance faced a range of tax penalties, depending on income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

The individual mandate is out.

Starting Jan. 1, 2019, consumers who do not purchase health insurance will no longer face penalties.

GOP lawmakers argue that the measure will decrease spending on the tax subsidies it offers to balance out the cost of premiums for millions of Obamacare enrollees.

However, without the mandate, experts caution that fewer healthy and young people will sign up for health coverage through the insurance marketplace, which will likely lead to increases in premium costs for those who remain the marketplace and could even induce some insurers to drop out of the market altogether. It’s a big blow to supporters of the long-embattled health care law.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

The individual paying alimony or maintenance payments could deduct payments from their income. The person receiving the payments included them as income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

The person making alimony or maintenance payments does not get to deduct them, and the recipient does not claim the payments as income. This goes into effect for any divorce or separation agreement signed or modified on or after Jan. 1, 2019.

The individual alternative minimum tax, or AMT, often imposed on higher-income families, especially those with children, who live in high-tax states — but not necessarily the ultra rich. It requires many households or individuals to calculate their tax due under the AMT rules alongside the rules for regular income tax. They have to pay the higher amount. Whether or not a someone pays AMT depends on their alternative minimum taxable income (AMTI). AMTI is determined through a series of assessments of a taxpayer’s income and assets — the explanation of calculating AMTI takes up two pages in the tax bill, so we’re not getting into the details here.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The exemption amount was $84,500 for married joint-filing couples, $54,300 for single filers and $42,250 for married couples filing separately.

The AMT exemption began to phase out at $120,700 for singles, $160,900 for married couples filing jointly and $80,450 for married couples filing separately.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The AMT is here to stay but fewer households will have to face it.

Under the new rules, which are in effect from Jan. 1, 2018 through Dec. 31, 2025, married couples filing jointly will be exempt from the alternative minimum tax starting at $109,400. Exemption starts at $70,300 for all other taxpayers (other than estates and trusts).

The exemption phase-out thresholds will rise to $1,000,000 for married couples filing jointly, and $500,000 for all other taxpayers.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers could exclude up to $20 a month of qualified bicycle commuting reimbursements from their gross income. That included payments from employers for things like a bicycle purchase, bike maintenance or storage. Workers could claim the exclusion in any month they regularly use a bicycle to commute to work and do not receive other transit benefits.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The exclusion is suspended through 2025.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The child tax credit was $1,000 per child under the age of 17.

The credit was reduced by $50 for each $1,000 a taxpayer earned over certain thresholds. The phase-out thresholds started at a modified adjusted gross income (AGI) over $75,000 for single individuals and heads of household, $110,000 for married couples filing jointly and $55,000 for married couples filing separately.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The child tax credit doubles to $2,000 per qualifying child. Up to $1,400 of the child tax credit can be received as refundable credit (meaning it can go toward a tax refund). The new rule also includes a $500 nonrefundable credit per dependent other than a qualifying child.

The credit begins to phase out at an AGI over $200,000 — for married couples, the phase-out starts at an AGI over $400,000.

This rule is in effect through 2025.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Under a four-step graduated rate structure, the top corporate tax rate was 35 percent on taxable income greater than $10 million.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Permanently cuts the top corporate tax rate to 21 percent.

The estate tax, aka the “Death Tax” is a tax levied on significantly large estates that are passed down to heirs.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Estates up to $5.49 million in value were exempt from the tax.

The top tax rate was 40 percent.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Doubles the exemption for the estate tax.

Now, estates up to $11.2 million are exempt from the tax.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Homeowners could exclude up to $250,000 (or $500,000, if married filing jointly) of gains made when selling their primary residence, as long as they owned and primarily lived in the home for at least two of the five years before the sale. The exclusion could be claimed only once in a two-year period.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Homeowners can still exclude gains up to $250,000 (or $500,000 if married filing jointly) when they sell their primary residence, but they have to have lived there longer. People who sell their homes after Dec. 31, 2017 now have to use the home as their primary residence for five of the eight years before the sale in order to claim the exclusion. It can only be claimed once in a five-year period.

The new rule expires on Dec. 31, 2025.

Old Rule

New Rule

Taxpayers were previously allowed to deduct out-of-pocket medical expenses that exceed 10 percent of their adjusted gross income or 7.5 percent if they or their spouse were 65 or older.

New Rule

The threshold for all taxpayers to claim an itemized deduction for medical expenses is lowered to 7.5 percent of a filer’s adjusted gross income.

The change applies to taxable years from Dec. 31, 2016 to Jan. 1, 2019.

Taxpayers can take the miscellaneous tax deduction if the items total more than 2 percent of their adjusted gross income. The amount that’s deductible is the amount that exceeds the 2 percent threshold. These are some of the major changes coming to the miscellaneous tax deduction.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Tax preparation: Taxpayers could claim an itemized deduction of the amount of money they pay for tax-related expenses, like the person who prepares their taxes or any software purchased pr fees paid to fee to file forms electronically.

Work-related expenses: Workers could deduct unreimbursed business expense as an itemized deduction, like the cost of a home office, job-search costs, professional license fees and more.

Investment fees: Taxpayers could deduct fees paid to advisors and brokers to manage their money.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Tax preparation: Taxpayers may not claim tax-preparation expenses as an itemized deduction through 2025.

Work-related expenses: The bill suspends work-related expenses as an itemized deduction through 2025.

Investment fees: Under the new rules, the investment fee deduction is suspended until 2025.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Homeowners were allowed to deduct interest paid on mortgages valued up to $1 million on a taxpayer’s principal residence and one other qualified residence.

They could also deduct interest paid on a home equity loan or home equity line of credit no greater than $100,000. These were itemized deductions.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

New homeowners can include mortgage interest paid on up to $750,000 of principal value on a new home in their itemized deductions.

The old, $1 million caps continues to apply to current homeowners (those who took out their mortgages on or before Dec. 15, 2017), as well as refinancing on mortgages taken out on or before Dec. 15, 2017, as long as new mortgage amount does not exceed the amount of debt being refinanced.

Homeowners CAN deduct interest paid on a home equity line of credit or home equity loan, so long as the loan was used to buy, build or substantially improve your home.

These changes are set to expire after 2025.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Previous tax law allowed taxpayers to deduct moving expenses as long as the move was of a certain distance from the taxpayer’s previous home and the job in the new location is full-time.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The new tax bill suspends the moving expense deduction through 2025. Until then, taxpayers are not permitted to deduct moving expenses.

Moving-related deductions and exclusions remain in place for members of the military.

Pass-through businesses are generally small businesses (also some big firms) that don’t pay the corporate income tax. Instead, the owners report the corporate profits as their own income and pay taxes based on the individual tax rates along with their regular personal income tax.

Some of the common types of pass-through businesses are partnerships, LLCs (limited liability companies), S corporations and sole proprietorships.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

All pass-through business owners’ income was previously subject to regular personal income tax.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Under the new laws, pass-through business owners can deduct up to 20 percent of their qualified business income from a partnership, S corporation or sole proprietorship.

Individuals earning $157,500 and married couples earning $315,000 are eligible for the fullest deduction.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Individuals could deduct uninsured losses above $100 when property was lost to a fire, shipwreck, flood, storm, earthquake or other natural disaster. The deduction was allowed as long as the total loss amounted to greater than 10 percent of the taxpayer’s adjusted gross income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The new tax bill only allows taxpayers to claim the deduction if the loss occurred during a federally declared disaster, through 2025.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers could reduce their adjusted gross income by claiming personal exemptions — generally for the taxpayer, their spouse and their dependents.

Taxpayers could deduct $4,050 per exemption in 2017, though the deduction was phased out for taxpayers earning more than certain AGI thresholds. The phase out began at an AGI over $313,800 for married couples filing jointly, $287,650 for heads of household, $156,900 for married couples filing separately and $261,500 for all other taxpayers.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Personal exemptions have been suspended through 2025.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers who did not itemize could claim the current standard deduction of $6,350 for single individuals, $9,350 for heads of household or $12,700 for married couples filing jointly

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Standard deductions for all nearly double under the new rules.

Individuals see standard deductions rise to $12,000; forlim heads of household, it rises to $18,000; and for married couples filing jointly the standard deduction increases to $24,000.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers had the option of including state and local property, income and sales taxes as itemized deductions.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers are limited to claiming an itemized deduction of $10,000 in combined state and local income, sales and property taxes, starting in 2018 through 2025.

Taxpayers cannot get around these limits by prepaying 2018 state and local income taxes while it is still 2017. The bill says nothing about prepaying 2018 property taxes.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Student loan debt discharged due to death or disability was taxed as income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Under the new tax bill, student loan debt discharged due to death or disability after Dec. 31, 2017, will not be taxed as income. The rule lasts through 2025.

The table below shows the difference between the tax rates and brackets before the Trump tax plan went into effect on Jan. 1, 2018 and after.

Tax Rules Pre-TCJA

Tax Rules Post-TCJA

Before 2018, there were seven tax brackets.

The rate on the highest earners was 39.6 percent for taxpayers earning above $418,400 for individuals and $470,700 for married couples filing taxes jointly.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The new rules retain seven tax brackets, but the brackets have been modified to lower most individual income tax rates. The new brackets expire in 2027.

Top income earners — above $500,000 for individuals and above $600,000 for married couples filing jointly — falls from 39.6 percent to 37 percent.

The majority of individual income tax changes would be temporary, expiring after Dec.
31, 2025.

Pre-TCJA Tax Brackets Post-TCJA Tax Brackets (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)
Single Individuals
Taxable Income Tax Bracket Taxable Income Tax Bracket
$9,325 or less 10% $9,525 or less 10%
$9,326 to $37,950 15% $9,526 to $38,700 12%
$37,951 to $91,900 25% $38,701 to $82,500 22%
$91,901 to $191,650 28% $82,501 to $157,500 24%
$191,651 to $416,700 33% $157,501 to $200,000 32%
$416,701 to $418,400 35% $200,001 to $500,000 35%
Over $418,400 39.60% Over $500,000 37%

Married Individuals Filing Joint Returns and Surviving Spouses
Taxable Income Tax Bracket Taxable Income Tax Bracket
$18,650 or less 10% $19,050 or less 10%
$18,651 to $75,900 15% $19,051 to $77,400 12%
$75,901 to $153,100 25% $77,401 to $165,000 22%
$153,101 to $233,350 28% $165,001 to $315,000 24%
$233,351 to $416,700 33% $315,001 to $400,000 32%
$416,701 to $470,700 35% $400,001 to $600,000 35%
Over $470,700 39.60% Over $600,000 37%

Heads of Households
Taxable Income Tax Bracket Taxable Income Tax Bracket
$13,350 or less 10% $13,600 or less 10%
$13,351 to $50,800 15% $13,601 to $51,800 12%
$50,801 to $131,200 25% $51,801 to $82,500 22%
$131,201 to $212,500 28% $82,501 to $157,500 24%
$212,501 to $416,700 33% $157,501 to $200,000 32%
$416,701 to $444,550 35% $200,001 to $500,000 35%
Over $444,550 39.60% Over $500,000 37%

Married Individuals Filing Separate Returns
Taxable Income Tax Bracket Taxable Income Tax Bracket
$9,325 or less 10% Not over $9,525 10%
$9,326 to $37,950 15% $9,525 to $38,700 12%
$37,951 to $76,550 25% $38,701 to $82,500 22%
$76,551 to $116,675 28% $82,501 to $157,500 24%
$116,676 to $208,350 33% $157,501 to $200,000 32%
$208,351 to $235,350 35% $200,001 to $300,000 35%
Over $235,350 39.60% Over $300,000 37%

Tax deductions that didn’t change after the Trump tax plan

Teacher deduction

Teachers can deduct up to $250 for unreimbursed expenses for classroom supplies or school materials from their taxable income.

Electric cars

Electric car owners who bought a vehicle after 2010 may be given tax credit of up to $7,500, depending on the battery capacity.

Adoption assistance

Adoptive parents are allowed a tax credit and employer-provided benefits up to $13,570 per eligible child in 2017.

Student loan interest deduction

Student loan borrowers may deduct up to $2,500 on the interest paid for student loans every year.

How the Trump tax plan affects you

Low-income earners: Changes to the tax rates at lower-income levels were less pronounced or nonexistent compared to the changes in higher brackets, offering no tax break for lower-income households.

Middle-class earners: The decreased tax rates should have decreased the taxable income for middle-class earners, as long as they adjusted their W-4 withholding forms.

High-income earners: With their high levels of income falling into more brackets, high-income taxpayers had more to gain from the lowered tax rates. Those with large amounts of income from investments also benefited from the decreased tax brackets for capital gains, meaning their investment income was also reprieved, especially at high levels.

High-value estates: The Trump tax plan doubled the estate tax exemption amount from $5.49 million in 2017 to $11.2 million in 2018.

Areas with high state and local income tax: The Trump tax plan amended the state and local income tax (SALT) deduction so that taxpayers can only claim up to $10,000 in combined state and local income, sales and property taxes as an itemized deduction. Taxpayers living in places with high state and local taxes will get disproportionately hit by this change.

Taxpayers using personal exemptions: A personal exemption allowed you to deduct set amounts for each taxpayer and dependent on your tax return, which could have benefitted taxpayers with large families of dependents. This exemption and possible tax benefit for many has now been suspended.

Those without health insurance: The Trump tax plan eliminated the tax penalty you could face if you did not enroll for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and did not qualify for an exemption.

FAQ: Tax filing tips for 2020

Taxes for tax year 2019 are due to the IRS by July 15, 2020, due to the extension granted because of the coronavirus pandemic. Hopefully, filers won’t face an unwelcome surprise this year if they end up owing more than usual, as was the case too often last year, and instead receive a nice tax refund.

You might have been overpaying or underpaying on your taxes before the tax reform went into effect, which could mean a tax bill or bigger-than-expected tax refund this time around.

To avoid confusion, consult a tax professional and consider adjusting your allowances on your W-4.

If you end up owing taxes, you’ll need to pay your bill by July 15th or contact the IRS to sign up for a payment plan. Late payments will result in penalties and additional fees.

The IRS typically sends out tax refunds within 21 days of receiving your filing. It can take longer on some occasions, depending on your situation. If you file your return electronically, you can check the status of your refund after 24 hours from filing, through the IRS’ Where’s My Refund? tool. If you mail in your return, you can check the status four weeks after mailing. You can also use your smartphone to download the IRS2Go app to check your refund status.

It’s certainly tempting to use the money to book your next much-deserved vacation. But treating yourself isn’t necessarily the best way to spend your tax refund. Instead, consider stashing it away inside a savings vehicle and forgetting you even had extra cash to spend. An easy option is to boost your emergency savings by depositing your refund in a high-yield online savings account. That will grow your refund efficiently over time and can save you some financial grief in the future. Here are a couple of the best high-yield online savings accounts that have had consistently competitive rates over the past two years and are accessible no matter your deposit or balance:

Institution
APY
Minimum Account Balance to Earn APY
Capital One
360 Performance Savings from Capital One

1.30%

$0

SEE DETAILS 

Member FDIC

Barclays
Online Savings Account from Barclays

1.30%

$0

SEE DETAILS Secured

on Barclays’s secure website

Member FDIC

A savings account can be easily accessed in case you need the funds in a pinch, unlike with a high-rate certificate of deposit. A CD works better if you need to save towards a longer-term goal, like making a down payment on a house in a few years. Once you make your deposit into a CD, it grows undisturbed for the length of its term. In exchange for leaving your deposit untouched with the bank, you get to grow your CD funds at high interest rates, resulting in some solid savings growth when the term ends. Here are some of the best one-year CD rates that have been consistently competitive over the past two years:

Institution
APY
Minimum Account Balance to Earn APY
Barclays
12 Month Online CD from Barclays

1.20%

$0

SEE DETAILS 

Member FDIC

Goldman Sachs Bank USA
High-yield 12 Month CD from Goldman Sachs Bank USA

1.35%

$500

SEE DETAILS Secured

on Goldman Sachs Bank USA’s secure website

Member FDIC

Other options include using your refund to expand your investment portfolio or placing the funds in an IRA. Investing your refund can be a riskier way to grow your money since your returns depend on the market instead of an APY. And of course, saving in an IRA is a smart way to invest in your retirement future. The IRS even allows you to split your refund between multiple accounts when you sign up for direct deposit. This makes it easy for you to save your refund in various ways.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Advertiser Disclosure

News

Coronavirus Pandemic Triggers Investing Regrets Among U.S. Investors

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone and is not intended to be a source of investment advice. It has not been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.

Written By

Reviewed By

As the coronavirus pandemic took a hold of the global economy in early 2020, investors everywhere panicked and sent the stock market plummeting to some of its worst days in recent history. Now that some of the immediate panic has subsided, many American investors are reflecting on recent investment moves that they now regret.

In a new MagnifyMoney survey, we found that many Americans regret their previous investing decisions in light of the COVID-19 crisis. However, many investors are also hopeful for the market’s future, which could make this a perfect time to plan your own future investing moves.

Key findings

  • More than half of investors regret past investing decisions brought to light by the COVID-19 crisis.
    • Younger generations, who are arguably less experienced investors, have more regrets than older investors. A whopping 92% of Gen Z investors admitted to an investing regret in some form or another.
    • Still, 79% of Gen X had regrets, compared to much lower numbers from baby boomers (33%) and the silent generation (24%).
  • About one-third of investors have full confidence that their investments will rebound by the end of 2020, but some have more hope than others.
    • Republicans are about twice as likely as Democrats and Independents to be very confident that their investments will recover by the end of the year.
    • Meanwhile, baby boomers and the silent generation are much less confident in their investments’ recovery than younger investors.
  • Consumers with investment accounts estimate their stock market losses are about $24,400 on average since the coronavirus outbreak slammed the United States in March.
    • Baby boomers and the silent generation lost the most, at roughly $56,000 and $63,300, respectively. Unfortunately, these are the generations likely relying heavily on their investments in retirement.
    • Women estimated they lost about $32,300 through the stock market, while men estimated their investment losses to be around $18,700.
  • More than one-third of Americans think it will be at least a year before the stock market recovers from the pandemic. 
    • However, it’s worth noting that more than 1 in 5 (22%) respondents believe the market will recover in just two to five months.
  • As the stock market shows signs of growth despite the bleak financial picture of many Americans, more than half of respondents agreed that the stock market does not completely depict the financial picture of the average U.S. consumer. 
    • Republicans and those who have investment accounts (including a retirement savings account) are more likely to believe the market mirrors the average consumer (around 35% in each group), compared to Democrats (24%) and those without investment accounts (13%).

The most common investing regrets amid coronavirus pandemic

Among our respondents, the top investing regret was a lack of portfolio diversification, a regret cited by 23% of respondents. Gen X respondents regretted this mistake the most at about 29%, with millennials not far behind at 27%. At 30%, men also cited this regret more than the 13% of women who admitted to making this error.

The second most common investment regret cited (19%) was taking on risky investments. Nearly one-third of Gen Z investors got burned by a risky investment. And while baby boomers and the silent generation were less likely to make this mistake, a quarter of Gen X confessed regretting this potentially costly move.

Some examples of high-risk investments can include initial public offerings (IPOs), structured products and venture capital trusts. You also may take on considerable risk if you’re trying to time the market for maximum returns, which many experts caution against.

The third common investment regret among respondents (13%) was keeping all of their savings in the stock market. Gen Z investors were the most guilty of this mistake, with 27% regretting keeping all of their savings in investments, followed by 15% of millennials, 13% of Gen X, 7% of baby boomers and a mere 2% of the silent generation.

How to avoid investing regrets

Luckily, these investing regrets are easily avoidable. Even if you found yourself regretting your pandemic-induced investment moves, there’s still time to recover.

Diversify your portfolio

For starters, it’s important to keep your assets diversified, or spread among different investments and across industries, whether you’re a beginner or an investing veteran. That way, when one part of the market takes a tumble, the other parts of your portfolio aren’t hit as badly, or at all. Essentially, by avoiding putting all of your eggs in one basket, your investments can be better protected in a downturn.

Cushion your risky investments

Keeping your portfolio well-balanced and diversified can also help mitigate risky investments that you might have taken on. It also helps to invest your money incrementally rather than in lump sums. That way, you’ll invest in both down and up times, balancing out your investment gains rather than going all in now and regretting your risk-taking later.

Acting reactively to the market is also a risk of its own. If you sell your assets just because everyone else is panicking, prices are driven down and you end up losing money because you’re making less on the sale than what you paid when you bought the asset. Instead, ride it out and keep your money invested. The markets will recover, and your assets’ valuation will go back up, too.

Invest toward long-term gains

Due to its nature, investing is a risky business. There’s the chance of losses and there is no guaranteed payout amount waiting for you. Because of these factors, it’s generally a bad idea to place all your savings bets on your investments. If you need cash in a downturn, you’ll be selling at a loss to withdraw from your investment accounts. Even further, selling off assets and turning them into cash takes time, making this a much less convenient method of withdrawing money than, say, heading to the ATM.

Instead, you should keep your investments geared toward the future, establishing more long-term goals for your investment accounts. This is why retirement accounts are often investment-based — it gives your investments time to accumulate, but also to ride out the many fluctuations of the market.

For your more immediate cash needs, keep money in a high-yield savings account. This allows for easier withdrawals and transfers, and ensures your money still grows. You can also open an interest-bearing checking account to make sure your money is growing no matter what account it’s in.

Methodology

MagnifyMoney commissioned Qualtrics to conduct an online survey of 2,008 Americans, with the sample base proportioned to represent the overall population. The sample population included 1,183 investors and 866 non-investors. We defined the generations in 2020 as follows:

  • Gen Z is defined as ages 18 to 22
  • Millennials as ages 23 to 38
  • Gen X as ages 39 to 53
  • Baby boomers as ages 54 to 73
  • Silent generation as ages 74 and over

The survey was fielded from April 28 to May 1, 2020.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.