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How Apple Pay Cash Stacks Up Against Venmo

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

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As part of an early release of its updated iOS 11.2 mobile operating system, Apple is rolling out a P2P payments platform, Apple Pay Cash, available to anyone with an iPhone or Apple tablet, Apple Watch.

Apple Pay Cash already has a lot of competition. The person-to-person (P2P) payments market is fairly saturated with other platforms like Venmo, Paypal, Square Cash, Google Wallet and the like. At the moment, Apple’s largest competition in the P2P space is social payment app Venmo, which is owned by yet another competing payments processor, Paypal. Like competitors Venmo and Paypal, Apple Pay Cash is easy to use with one way we communicate most: via text. But unlike its major competitors, Apple is leveraging its user base to provide a P2P service that comes along with ownership, rather than requiring you to download another application.

Venmo uses emojis and a social feed in an attempt to take the “awkward” out of paying or charging your friends money. The tactic seems to work. Venmo’s user base completed $9 billion in transaction last quarter, about 93% more than the same quarter a year earlier. Since September 2016, the app allowed its users to pay via iMessage and Siri, expanded its online payments business, and tested out a physical debit card with some users. The company is also reportedly, like many other P2P processors, exploring instant deposits, too, to the tune of about $0.25 per transfer.

Apple Pay Cash seems to imitate several of Venmo’s features, so the 68% of millennial mobile payment users who say they use Venmo most seemingly won’t have too much incentive to make a switch to Apple Pay Cash. However, a relatively easy setup with Apple Wallet, may appeal to those outside of the millennial demographic who aren’t already attached to Venmo, but need to send mobile payments, too.

What is Apple Pay Cash?

Apple Pay Cash is Apple’s person-to-person money transfer service. Apple users can use Apple Pay Cash to quickly send and receive money to and from friends, acquaintances and family members using Apple’s built-in messaging app iMessage. The service is available in the U.S. on iPhone SE, iPhone 6 and later, Apple Watch, iPad Pro, iPad 5th Generation, iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3 or later. You can also ask Apple’s intelligent personal assistant, Siri, to pay someone via Apple Pay Cash.

Source: Apple

How does Apple Pay Cash Work?

You can say, “Hey Siri, send $[an amount of money] to [one of your contacts]” to prompt a message asking them which app you want to use to send the funds, including Venmo. You can also send money via iMessage by tapping the app store icon and selecting Apple Pay at the bottom.

The money you send will come from one of two sources in the Apple Wallet application: The digital Apple Pay Cash Card or any linked debit or credit cards in your Apple Wallet. The transaction is free if you pay someone using a debit card. If you use a credit card to pay another person, you’ll be charged a 3% fee. Payments are approved using a finger with Touch ID or a smile with Face ID if you have an iPhone X.

When you get paid, the money you receive is automatically credited to a digital Apple Pay Cash Card that lives in Apple Wallet, for use right away. Unlike Square Cash, you don’t get a physical card to use, but the digital Apple Pay Cash Card, like a gift card, can be used like any other debit or credit card in the Apple Wallet. You also have the option of transferring the funds on your Apple Pay Cash Card to a bank account, but that may take up to three business days.

When not using Apple Pay Cash to pay a roommate your share of the light bill or charge a friend for his share of the a group vacation, you can use the digital Apple Pay Cash Card — or another card in your Apple Pay account — at any of these retailers to pay online or in stores.

How do I get Apple Pay Cash?

To do to gain access to Apple Pay Cash, update your compatible device to iOS 11.2 or watchOS 4.2 and set up the Apple Pay Cash Card in Apple Wallet. Apple Pay Cash is not available on non-Apple devices or for use outside of the United States.

Step 1: Update your Apple device

To update the device, go to Settings, then General, then Software update. An on-screen message will let you know what version of iOS your device is running and prompt you to update if you’re using old software.

Step 2: Set up your Apple Pay Cash card

Once the device is updated, it’s time to set up the Apple Pay Cash card. In Settings, go to Wallet &Apple pay. There you will see the “Add Credit or Debit Card” option or your Apple Pay Cash card. Click on the card to set it up. Hit continue, and agree to the terms and conditions after reading them thoroughly.

Verification

The device may or may not prompt you to verify your identity when setting up the Apple Pay Cash card, but you should if you want to send or receive more than $500 per transaction.

To verify on iPhone, click the small ‘i’ with a circle around it next to the Apple Pay Cash card in the Apple Wallet app and tap Verify Identity. You will be prompted to enter personal information like your name, Social Security number and date of birth. You may also need to answer questions about your personal history or submit an image of a photo ID like a driver’s license for verification.

You can then load the card with funds using other linked debit or credit cards in Apple Wallet. The Apple Pay Cash card requires a minimum $10 deposit. However, users don’t have to load and Apple Pay Cash card with funds before you can use Apple Pay Cash to send and receive funds. They can use Apple Pay Cash with any of their other linked debit or credit cards in Apple Wallet.

When the two steps are complete, you can then begin using Apple Pay Cash.

Source: Apple

How does Apple Pay Cash stack up to Venmo?

Apple’s main competition in the P2P space is Venmo. Here’s a breakdown of how Apple Pay Cash stacks up to the leading P2P payments platform.

Where Apple Pay Cash beats Venmo

No need to download an app

Apple Pay Cash is built into Apple’s iOS operating system, so you don’t have to download another app that could take up precious phone memory drain your battery life. To use Venmo on the go, you need to download and set up the Venmo app, which can be a tedious hurdle for some.

Easily change between payment options

You can’t easily switch between payment options in iMessage using Venmo like you can with Apple Pay Cash. The only way to switch payment option is using the Venmo app and changing payment options requires going to Settings, then Banks and Cards, then setting one card or bank account for use in payments to peers. After going through multiple screens to complete that process, you can then pay with the selected payment source.

With Apple Pay Cash, you can switch payment options in your Apple Wallet right in the iMessage app, in the middle of making a transaction.

Apple Pay Cash automatically gives you an in-app card

The Apple Pay Cash card is an interesting addition to the P2P space, as it allows you to automatically access to the funds you receive via Apple Pay Cash. The digital card lives in Apple Wallet and can be used like a gift card to make purchases in physical stores or online at retailers who use Apple Pay.

Source: Apple

Transfer limits

Apple Pay Cash lets you send more money per transaction and on a weekly basis than Venmo does. Apple lets you send up to $3,000 in a single transaction and $10,000 in a seven-day period. Venmo has a $2,000 transaction limit and a seven-day limit of $2,999.99. Venmo users can send or receive up to $4,999.99 in a seven-day period and may not complete more than 30 transactions in a 24-hour period.

Where Venmo has the edge over Apple Pay Cash

Venmo has a wider reach

Venmo offers its same P2P service online at Venmo.com, where you can log in and do everything you do on the Venmo app on your desktop or laptop. Apple Pay Cash is exclusively offered on Apple’s mobile devices. Exclusivity may or may not be a downfall for Apple Pay Cash, as exclusive offerings like iMessage and FaceTime have long set Apple apart from its competitors. Those who own Apple Macbooks or desktop devices can pay for items online using their Apple Wallet but aren’t be able to set up Apple Pay Cash without access to an iPhone or iPod touch. Android users and those who don’t have a mobile iOS device, can’t use Apple Pay Cash.

Venmo might give you a physical debit card

Venmo reportedly sent some users invitations to test out a physical Venmo card over the summer months in 2017. Users who opt ed in didn’t pay a fee to use the card, which pulls funds from the user’s Venmo balance. There is no confirmation of a future rollout of physical-card invites to all users.

Send money from a bank account

You cannot use Apple Pay Cash to send money directly from a bank account, like you can using Venmo and practically any other existing P2P platform. Apple Pay Cash does allow you to send money using linked debit cards, however. Arguably, sending money using a debit card is the same thing as sending money from a bank account, as the funds generally come from the same place.

Where Apple Pay Cash and Venmo are the same

Ask Siri to send

When you ask Siri to send money to a contact, the AI doesn’t automatically send the funds using Apple Pay Cash, but, instead, asks you to select from the options you have that can perform the task. Apple Pay is an option, but so is Venmo, if you have that downloaded.

Pay in Messages app

Way ahead of Apple, Venmo released its in-app iMessage integration back in September 2016 (also when Venmo released its Siri integration). Now, you can do the same thing with Apple Pay Cash.

B-to-C payments

In addition to paying friends and family, Apple Pay lets you pay businesses using Apple Pay Cash. You could technically already use Apple Pay where available in stores and online, but now you can use the balance accrued from received payments or loaded onto an Apple Pay Cash card in Apple Wallet. Venmo users can also complete online transactions to businesses using Venmo, a feature Venmo debuted October 2017.

Cost

There is no cost difference between Venmo and Apple Pay Cash. Both systems charge no fee to send money using a debit card and charge a 3% fee to send money using a credit card. Venmo also doesn’t charge for sending money from a linked bank account. Apple pay Cash doesn’t offer the option to link a bank account.

The bottom line

If you are a loyal Apple user and a late adopter to person-to-person payment systems, Apple Pay Cash could act as a kind nudge into the P2P payments space. In addition, Apple Pay Cash’s iMessage integration and quick setup process make it easy for the less-tech-savvy among us to start sending and receiving funds electronically. On top of that, having an Apple Pay Cash card already in our Apple Wallet makes it easy to spend any money you receive at vendors that accept Apple Pay, without having to wait a day or two for the money to show up in your bank account.

If you’re already a Venmo user, other than Apple Pay Cash’s automatic addition into your Apple devices with the iOS 11.2 update, there’s far less incentive to switch over to Apple Pay Cash. If you like to make your P2P payments and requests on a desktop or want to send funds directly from your bank account, stick with Venmo.

Aside from those features, Venmo and Apple Pay Cash cost the same and are about as simple to use. 

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Brittney Laryea
Brittney Laryea |

Brittney Laryea is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Brittney at brittney@magnifymoney.com

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Tax Reform 2019 Explained

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

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As the 2019 tax deadline approaches, many Americans will feel the impact of last year’s tax tax reform for the first time. It was the most sweeping rewrite of the tax code in more than three decades, after all.

Of importance to most tax filers is the fact that the new tax law altered the federal income tax brackets, doubled the standard deduction and changed many other tax credits and deductions.

The bill, originally known as The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, didn’t have an easy journey. It was first introduced in the House of Representatives in November 2017, and was signed into law by President Donald Trump on Dec. 22, 2017 after vigorous debate and multiple versions of the bill made their way through both the House and Senate.

With all the developments since then, you may have forgotten about these sweeping tax changes until now. But as you get ready to file your tax return this year, you should prepare for some of the changes that could affect you.

What’s changing— and what isn’t

The majority of the new tax law’s changes went into effect Jan. 1, 2018, which means people filing their 2018 taxes in 2019 will need to take these changes into consideration.

Read on or jump ahead to read about the rules you’re most interested in:

529 college savings plans

A 529 college savings plan is a tax-advantaged savings account designed to encourage saving for qualified future higher-education costs, such as tuition, fees and room and board. Your money is invested and grows tax free.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Previously, 529 plan savings could only be used on qualified higher education expenses.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

In a major victory for wealthier families, you can now use 529 savings for private K-12 schooling.

Tax benefits are now extended to eligible education expenses for an elementary or secondary public, private, or religious school.

The new rules allow you to withdraw up to $10,000 a year per student (child) for education costs.

ACA individual mandate

The individual mandate was a key provision of the Affordable Care Act that required non-exempt U.S. citizens and noncitizens who lawfully reside in the country to have health insurance.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

Consumers who did not qualify for an exemption and chose not to purchase insurance faced a range of tax penalties, depending on income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

The individual mandate is out.

Starting Jan. 1, 2019, consumers who do not purchase health insurance will no longer face penalties.

GOP lawmakers argue that the measure will decrease spending on the tax subsidies it offers to balance out the cost of premiums for millions of Obamacare enrollees.

However, without the mandate, experts caution that fewer healthy and young people will sign up for health coverage through the insurance marketplace, which will likely lead to increases in premium costs for those who remain the marketplace and could even induce some insurers to drop out of the market altogether. It’s a big blow to supporters of the long-embattled health care law.

Alimony

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

The individual paying alimony or maintenance payments can deduct payments from their income. The person receiving the payments includes them as income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2019)

The person making alimony or maintenance payments does not get to deduct them, and the recipient does not claim the payments as income. This goes into effect for any divorce or separation agreement signed or modified on or after Jan. 1, 2019.

Alternative minimum tax

The individual alternative minimum tax, or AMT, often imposed on higher-income families, especially those with children, who live in high-tax states — but not necessarily the ultra rich. It requires many households or individuals to calculate their tax due under the AMT rules alongside the rules for regular income tax. They have to pay the higher amount. Whether or not a someone pays AMT depends on their alternative minimum taxable income (AMTI). AMTI is determined through a series of assessments of a taxpayer’s income and assets — the explanation of calculating AMTI takes up two pages in the tax bill, so we’re not getting into the details here.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The exemption amount is $84,500 for married joint-filing couples, $54,300 for single filers and $42,250 for married couples filing separately.

The AMT exemption begins to phase out at $120,700 for singles, $160,900 for married couples filing jointly and $80,450 for married couples filing separately.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The AMT is here to stay but fewer households will have to face it.

Under the new rules, which are in effect from Jan. 1, 2018 through Dec. 31, 2025, married couples filing jointly will be exempt from the alternative minimum tax starting at $109,400. Exemption starts at $70,300 for all other taxpayers (other than estates and trusts).

The exemption phase-out thresholds will rise to $1,000,000 for married couples filing jointly, and $500,000 for all other taxpayers.

Bicycle commuting

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers can exclude up to $20 a month of qualified bicycle commuting reimbursements from their gross income. That includes payments from employers for things like a bicycle purchase, bike maintenance or storage. Workers can claim the exclusion in any month they regularly use a bicycle to commute to work and do not receive other transit benefits.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The exclusion is suspended through 2025.

Child tax credit

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The current child tax credit is $1,000 per child under the age of 17.

The credit is reduced by $50 for each $1,000 a taxpayer earns over certain thresholds. The phase-out thresholds start at a modified adjusted gross income (AGI) over $75,000 for single individuals and heads of household, $110,000 for married couples filing jointly and $55,000 for married couples filing separately.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The child tax credit doubles to $2,000 per qualifying child. Up to $1,400 of the child tax credit can be received as refundable credit (meaning it can go toward a tax refund). The new rule also includes a $500 nonrefundable credit per dependent other than a qualifying child.

The credit begins to phase out at an AGI over $200,000 — for married couples, the phase-out starts at an AGI over $400,000.

This rule is in effect through 2025.

Corporate taxes

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Under a four-step graduated rate structure, the current top corporate tax rate is 35 percent on taxable income greater than $10 million.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Permanently cuts the top corporate tax rate to 21 percent.

Estate taxes

The estate tax, aka the “Death Tax” is a tax levied on significantly large estates that are passed down to heirs.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Estates up to $5.49 million in value were exempt from the tax.

The top tax rate was 40 percent.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Doubles the exemption for the estate tax.

Now, estates up to $11.2 million are exempt from the tax.

Gains made on home sales

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Homeowners can exclude up to $250,000 (or $500,000, if married filing jointly) of gains made when selling their primary residence, as long as they owned and primarily lived in the home for at least two of the five years before the sale. The exclusion can be claimed only once in a two-year period.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Homeowners can still exclude gains up to $250,000 (or $500,000 if married filing jointly) when they sell their primary residence, but they have to have lived there longer. People who sell their homes after Dec. 31, 2017 now have to use the home as their primary residence for five of the eight years before the sale in order to claim the exclusion. It can only be claimed once in a five-year period.

The new rule expires on Dec. 31, 2025.

Medical expenses

Old Rule

New Rule

Taxpayers were previously allowed to deduct out-of-pocket medical expenses that exceed 10 percent of their adjusted gross income or 7.5 percent if they or their spouse were 65 or older.

New Rule

The threshold for all taxpayers to claim an itemized deduction for medical expenses is lowered to 7.5 percent of a filer’s adjusted gross income.

The change applies to taxable years from Dec. 31, 2016 to Jan. 1, 2019.

Miscellaneous tax deductions

Taxpayers can take the miscellaneous tax deduction if the items total more than 2 percent of their adjusted gross income. The amount that’s deductible is the amount that exceeds the 2 percent threshold. These are some of the major changes coming to the miscellaneous tax deduction.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Tax preparation: Taxpayers can today claim an itemized deduction of the amount of money they pay for tax-related expenses, like the person who prepares their taxes or any software purchased pr fees paid to fee to file forms electronically.

Work-related expenses: Under current law, workers can deduct unreimbursed business expense as an itemized deduction, like the cost of a home office, job-search costs, professional license fees and more.

Investment fees: Taxpayers can currently deduct fees paid to advisors and brokers to manage their money.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Tax preparation: Taxpayers may not claim tax-preparation expenses as an itemized deduction through 2025.

Work-related expenses: The bill suspends work-related expenses as an itemized deduction through 2025.

Investment fees: Under the new rules, the investment fee deduction is suspended until 2025.

Mortgage and home equity loan interest deduction

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Currently homeowners are allowed to deduct interest paid on mortgages valued up to $1 million on a taxpayer’s principal residence and one other qualified residence.

They can also deduct interest paid on a home equity loan or home equity line of credit no greater than $100,000. These are itemized deductions.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

New homeowners can include mortgage interest paid on up to $750,000 of principal value on a new home in their itemized deductions.

The old, $1 million caps continues to apply to current homeowners (those who took out their mortgages on or before Dec. 15, 2017), as well as refinancing on mortgages taken out on or before Dec. 15, 2017, as long as new mortgage amount does not exceed the amount of debt being refinanced.

Homeowners CAN deduct interest paid on a home equity line of credit or home equity loan, so long as the loan was used to buy, build or substantially improve your home.

These changes are set to expire after 2025.

Moving expenses

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Current law allows taxpayers to deduct moving expenses as long as the move is of a certain distance from the taxpayer’s previous home and the job in the new location is full-time.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The new tax bill suspends the moving expense deduction through 2025. Until then, taxpayers are not permitted to deduct moving expenses.

Moving-related deductions and exclusions remain in place for members of the military.

Pass-through businesses

Pass-through businesses are generally small businesses (also some big firms) that don’t pay the corporate income tax. Instead, the owners report the corporate profits as their own income and pay taxes based on the individual tax rates along with their regular personal income tax.

Some of the common types of pass-through businesses are partnerships, LLCs (limited liability companies), S corporations and sole proprietorships.

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

All pass-through business owners’ income was previously subject to regular personal income tax.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Under the new laws, pass-through business owners can deduct up to 20 percent of their qualified business income from a partnership, S corporation or sole proprietorship.

Individuals earning $157,500 and married couples earning $315,000 are eligible for the fullest deduction.

Personal casualty or theft

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Under current tax law individuals can deduct uninsured losses above $100 when property is lost to a fire, shipwreck, flood, storm, earthquake or other natural disaster. The deduction is allowed as long as the total loss amounts to greater than 10 percent of the taxpayer’s adjusted gross income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The new tax bill only allows taxpayers to claim the deduction if the loss occurred during a federally declared disaster, through 2025.

Personal exemptions

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers can reduce their adjusted gross income by claiming personal exemptions — generally for the taxpayer, their spouse and their dependents.

Taxpayers could deduct $4,050 per exemption in 2017, though the deduction is phased out for taxpayers earning more than certain AGI thresholds. The phase out begins at an AGI over $313,800 for married couples filing jointly, $287,650 for heads of household, $156,900 for married couples filing separately and $261,500 for all other taxpayers.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Personal exemptions have been suspended through 2025.

Standard deductions

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers who do not itemize can claim the current standard deduction of $6,350 for single individuals, $9,350 for heads of household or $12,700 for married couples filing jointly

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Standard deductions for all nearly double under the new rules.

Individuals see standard deductions rise to $12,000; forlim heads of household, it rises to $18,000; and for married couples filing jointly the standard deduction increases to $24,000.

State and local tax (SALT) deduction

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers may include state and local property, income and sales taxes as itemized deductions.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Taxpayers are limited to claiming an itemized deduction of $10,000 in combined state and local income, sales and property taxes, starting in 2018 through 2025.

Taxpayers cannot get around these limits by prepaying 2018 state and local income taxes while it is still 2017. The bill says nothing about prepaying 2018 property taxes.

Student loan debt discharge

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Currently, student loan debt discharged due to death or disability is taxed as income.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Under the new tax bill, student loan debt discharged due to death or disability after Dec. 31, 2017, will not be taxed as income. The rule lasts through 2025.

Tax brackets and income taxes

Old Rule

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

There are currently seven tax brackets.

The rate on the highest earners is 39.6 percent for taxpayers earning above $418,400 for individuals and $470,700 for married couples filing taxes jointly.

New Rule (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

The new rules retain seven tax brackets, but the brackets have been modified to lower most individual income tax rates. The new brackets expire in 2027.

Top income earners — above $500,000 for individuals and above $600,000 for married couples filing jointly — falls from 39.6 percent to 37 percent.

The majority of individual income tax changes would be temporary, expiring after Dec.
31, 2025.

2017 Tax Brackets

New Tax Brackets (Effective Jan. 1, 2018)

Single Individuals

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

$9,325 or less

10%

$9,525 or less

10%

$9,326-$37,950

15%

$9,526-$38,700

12%

$37,951-$91,900

25%

$38,701-$82,500

22%

$91,901-$191,650

28%

$82,501-$157,500

24%

$191,651-$416,700

33%

$157,501-$200,000

32%

$416,701-$418,400

35%

$200,001-$500,000

35%

Over $418,400

39.60%

Over $500,000

37%

Married Individuals Filing Joint Returns and Surviving Spouses

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

$18,650 or less

10%

$19,050 or less

10%

$18,651-$75,900

15%

$19,051-$77,400

12%

$75,901-$153,100

25%

$77,401-$165,000

22%

$153,101-$233,350

28%

$165,001-$315,000

24%

$233,351-$416,700

33%

$315,001-$400,000

32%

$416,701-$470,700

35%

$400,001-$600,000

35%

Over $470,700

39.60%

Over $600,000

37%

Heads of Households

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

$13,350 or less

10%

$13,600 or less

10%

$13,351-$50,800

15%

$13,601-$51,800

12%

$50,801-$131,200

25%

$51,801-$82,500

22%

$131,201-$212,500

28%

$82,501-$157,500

24%

$212,501-$416,700

33%

$157,501-$200,000

32%

$416,701-$444,550

35%

$200,001-$500,000

35%

Over $444,550

39.60%

Over $500,000

37%

Married Individuals Filing Separate Returns

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

Taxable Income

Tax Bracket

$9,325 or less

10%

Not over $9,525

10%

$9,326-$37,950

15%

$9,525-$38,700

12%

$37,951-$76,550

25%

$38,701-$82,500

22%

$76,551-$116,675

28%

$82,501-$157,500

24%

$116,676- $208,350

33%

$157,501-$200,000

32%

$208,351-$235,350

35%

$200,001-$300,000

35%

Over $235,350

39.60%

Over $300,000

37%

Tax deductions that won’t be changing

Teacher deduction

Teachers can deduct up to $250 for unreimbursed expenses for classroom supplies or school materials from their taxable income.

Electric cars

Electric car owners who bought a vehicle after 2010 may be given tax credit of up to $7,500, depending on the battery capacity.

Adoption assistance

Adoptive parents are allowed a tax credit and employer-provided benefits up to $13,570 per eligible child in 2017.

Student loan interest deduction

Student loan borrowers may deduct up to $2,500 on the interest paid for student loans every year.

FAQ: Tax filing tips for 2019

Taxes for tax year 2018 are due to the IRS by April 15, 2019.  Some filers may face an unwelcome surprise this year if they end up owing more taxes than usual, while others may receive a nice refund they weren’t expecting.

What if I owe taxes due to tax reform?

You might have been overpaying or underpaying on your taxes in 2018, which could mean a tax bill or bigger-than-expected tax refund this time around.

To avoid confusion, consult a tax professional and consider adjusting your allowances on your W-4.

If you end up owing taxes, you’ll need to pay your bill by April 15th or contact the IRS to sign up for a payment plan. Late payments will result in penalties and additional fees.

When can I expect my tax refund?

The IRS typically sends out tax refunds within 21 days of receiving your filing. It can take longer in some occasions, depending on your situation. If you file your return electronically, you can check the status of your refund after 24 hours from filing, through the IRS’ Where’s My Refund? tool. If you mail in your return, you can check the status four weeks after mailing. You can also use your smartphone to download the IRS2Go app to check your refund status.

How should I spend my tax refund?

It’s certainly tempting to use the money to book your next much-deserved vacation. But treating yourself isn’t necessarily the best way to spend your tax refund. Instead, consider stashing it away inside a savings vehicle and forgetting you even had extra cash to spend. An easy option is to boost your emergency savings by depositing your refund in a high-yield online savings account. That will grow your refund efficiently over time and can save you some financial grief in the future. Here are some of the best savings accounts with high rates:

Institution
APY
Minimum Balance to Earn APY
Online Savings Account from Citizens Access
Citizens Access

2.35%

$5,000

LEARN MORE Secured

on Citizens Access’s secure website

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High Yield Savings from Synchrony Bank
Synchrony Bank

2.25%

$0

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on Synchrony Bank’s secure website

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A savings account can be easily accessed in case you need the funds in a pinch, unlike with a high-rate certificate of deposit. A CD works better if you need to save towards a longer-term goal, like making a down payment on a house in a few years. Once you make your deposit into a CD, it grows undisturbed for the length of its term. In exchange for leaving your deposit untouched with the bank, you get to grow your CD funds at high interest rates, resulting in some solid savings growth when the term ends. Here are some of the best one-year CD rates:

Institution
APY
Minimum Balance to Earn APY
12 Month CD from Synchrony Bank
Synchrony Bank

2.80%

$2,000

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on Synchrony Bank’s secure website

High Yield 12-Month CD from Ally Bank
Ally Bank

2.75%

$0

LEARN MORE Secured

on Ally Bank’s secure website

Other options include using your refund to expand your investment portfolio or placing the funds in an IRA. Investing your refund can be a riskier way to grow your money since your returns depend on the market instead of an APY. And of course, saving in an IRA is a smart way to invest in your retirement future. The IRS even allows you to split your refund between multiple accounts when you sign up for direct deposit. This makes it easy for you to save your refund in various ways.

Brittney Laryea and Shen Lu contributed to this article. 

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Lauren Perez
Lauren Perez |

Lauren Perez is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Lauren here

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How the Next Government Shutdown May Affect Your Small Business

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

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When Texas business owners Veronica and Craig Bradley put together an application for a loan from the U.S. Small Business Administration, they detailed the risks big and small that could derail their startup brewery.

The couple filled a page with hypothetical unexpected events that could prevent Vector Brewing from making a profit, going so far as to include their own deaths, according to Veronica Bradley.

“The one thing we didn’t account for was a government shutdown,” she said. “Who thinks that’s going to happen?”

A partial government shutdown started Dec. 22, days before the Bradleys planned to submit an application for a $1 million SBA loan to fund the construction and operation of Vector Brewing in Lake Highlands, Texas. The SBA went dark during the 35-day shutdown, delaying SBA funding for many small business owners like the Bradleys.

The federal government reopened a record 35 days later on Jan. 25 after the House and the Senate passed a stopgap spending bill to restore operations until Feb. 15. If that deadline rolls around without a permanent funding agreement, the government could fall into a second shutdown that would impact small businesses still recovering from the first.

Negotiators in Congress have reached a tentative deal that would evade another shutdown, but it’s not yet set in stone. And although the recent shutdown was the longest in U.S. history, it was far from being the first one. There have been 21 stoppages in government funding since 1976, with three shutdowns occurring in 2018 alone.

The Bradleys aren’t waiting for the other shoe to drop — they have a contingency plan. They learned valuable lessons the first time around and are better prepared for another shutdown. We’ll help you understand the widespread impact of the shutdown and help you make your own plans for any unforeseen circumstances.

Effects of the shutdown

The partial government shutdown directly impacted 21% of business owners, creating delays and interrupting regular operations.

In addition to the suspension of SBA loan approvals, federal data services were inaccessible. The E-Verify system was suspended during the shutdown, which meant business owners could not use the platform to confirm the employment eligibility of new workers. Private-sector entities that experienced business shortages during the shutdown will likely never recoup that lost income; about $3 billion in lost GDP growth will not be recovered either.

Small government contractors were hit hard – 41,000 small business contractors lost $2.3 billion in revenue, according to data from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. “It is really eye opening, down to the nickel and penny of what some of these small business owners lost,” said Tom Sullivan, vice president of small business policy for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

What would a second shutdown mean for small businesses?

Two back-to-back shutdowns could deal a major blow to small business owners who depend on the federal government, not just for data services or the loans it guarantees, but also for important federal permits. The Bradleys are among numerous brewery owners waiting for permits from the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau needed to brew and sell beer. The timing of a possible second shutdown would be another huge hit, as it could limit the scope of the IRS as tax season nears.

The threat of a second shutdown is on Bradley’s mind every time she writes a check. Until the SBA loan comes through — she and her husband were finally able to apply in late January — the Bradleys must pay business expenses out of pocket. The brewery isn’t open yet, but the Bradleys’ landlord, attorney, financial advisor, contractors and architects are waiting for payment, Bradley said.

“This has been a very scary balancing game,” she said.

Before the shutdown, her banker told her to expect to receive funding in eight to 12 weeks. Now, the SBA doesn’t know how long it will be until the loan is funded, she said.

The Bradleys’ home state of Texas is second only to California in suffering the effects of the partial government shutdown, according to research from ValuePenguin (ValuePenguin and MagnifyMoney are both owned by LendingTree). Since 2010, the SBA has issued more than $177 billion in 7(a) loans, the most common SBA loan for small business owners, with the most money going to entrepreneurs in California, Texas, New York, Florida and Ohio, per ValuePenguin. SBA loans typically range in size from $500 to $5 million. The SBA does not loan directly to business owners, instead guaranteeing loans issued by partner lenders such as banks, community development organizations and microlending institutions. Backing from the SBA reduces risk for lenders and helps business owners qualify for financing with favorable interest rates and repayment terms.

As those banks waited for SBA approvals, the money slowed, which has business owners like Bradley wondering if another government shutdown could impact business owners who rely on any type of bank financing, not just SBA loans solely. If SBA loans are off the table, she said competition could increase for other small business loans or lines of credit. A lack of access to capital has long been a complaint of small business owners.

“Everyone who wanted to go the SBA route is going to have to clamor for other sources of income,” or else wait, potentially stifling growth, she said. “This affects everyone.”

Alternative lenders are an option

Bernardo Martinez is U.S. managing director of Funding Circle, one of many online lenders serving as an alternative to brick-and-mortar banks that have long dominated small business lending. Although he is not expecting banks to retract from business lending, a pause would create an opportunity for alternative lenders like Funding Circle to serve more business owners.

When traditional financing is out of reach for any reason, alternative business lenders can provide funding solutions for small business owners. Funding Circle had strong loan originations in January, Martinez said, but the company isn’t crediting the shutdown.

“In January, we saw a good volume month,” he said. “But I do not believe we can pinpoint specifically to the shutdown.”

Like Funding Circle, many online business lenders could provide faster time to funding than traditional banks with less stringent eligibility requirements. These lenders consider factors such as customer reviews and current cash flow when approving borrowers, but rates are typically higher than other types of business loans.

Although Martinez said Funding Circle isn’t planning to target business owners affected by a government shutdown, online small business lender QuickBridge has a video on its homepage discussing the benefits of alternative lenders during unforeseen circumstances, including the government shutdown.

At Funding Circle, “that will create an opportunity, but right now we’re not thinking about it or seeing it in the market,” Martinez said.

How to prepare for the next shutdown – or any business interruption

As the possibility of another shutdown looms, Bradley is weighing her financing options for the brewery. Before deciding to pursue an SBA loan, Bradley and her husband considered bringing on investors or using online crowdfunding platforms to raise money. If their SBA loan is delayed a second time, they might return to their original strategy.

“If it stays shut down for a week, I see it staying shut down for another month,” she said. “If the government shuts down for another 30 days we can’t wait.”

Bradley is putting together materials to present to investors and considering asking her bank for a small business loan to tide them over until more financing comes through, she said. It’s important for small business owners to have a back-up plan if things go wrong, she said, even if it’s not ideal.

How to handle the unexpected

Keep communication open.
Like any relationship, you need open communication with the people you do business with, Bradley said. If you’re facing financial trouble or other issues within your business, you should inform your vendors, advisors and anyone else who interacts with your company.

Vendor relationships became imperative during the shutdown for business owners who needed to catch a break, said Sullivan at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

Bradley was able to work out a deal with her landlord and contractors after explaining the delay in SBA funding. Being upfront helps you maintain credibility and trustworthiness as a business owner, she said.

Track your spending.
Keep track of every penny you spend, Bradley said, especially when you’re in distress. You should keep your personal and business finances separate so you can clearly see how much you’re putting into the business. When it’s time to apply for financing, you’ll likely need to explain your business spending to be approved for a loan, she said.

Understand your financial needs.
If you need to apply for business financing to get you through a rough period, you should know the specific expenses that you need to cover, Martinez said. That way, you would be able to borrow the exact amount you need, rather than estimating too high or too low. You would have a better chance of finding the right lender if you know exactly what you need, he said.

Read the fine print.
Keep your financial documents in order so you could apply for financing at a moment’s notice. Be sure to understand each lender’s terms and conditions before applying, Martinez said, especially if you’re looking for financing from an alternative lending institution. Each lender has its own pricing structure, and you may want to talk to the lender directly to understand what’s required of borrowers, Martinez said.

Stash money in an emergency fund.
You should generally have three to six months’ worth of expenses saved in case of emergency — that would give you a financial cushion to fall back on during any kind of business interruption, such as a government shutdown. It could also be a good idea have a line of credit or credit card available as well if you don’t have enough in your emergency account.

“Whether it’s a wildfire, a flood or a government shutdown, there’s an opportunity there for small business owners to rethink their cash flow and think very seriously about creating reserve funds,” Sullivan said.

If the federal government shuts down again, even if the closure lasts a few days, the repercussions for small business owners could be monumental. You should prepare as best you can to minimize the impact on your operation.

“Those 35 days it was shut down put us at least three months behind,” Bradley said. “It’s crazy.”

This article contains links to ValuePenguin, which, similar to MagnifyMoney is a subsidiary of LendingTree, our parent company.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Melissa Wylie
Melissa Wylie |

Melissa Wylie is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Melissa at melissa@magnifymoney.com

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