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How Much Does the Average American Have in Savings?

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

  • The average American household has $180,040 worth of savings in bank accounts and retirement savings accounts as of March 2019.
  • The median American household currently holds about $12,120 across these same types of accounts.
  • The top 1% of households (as measured by income) have an average of $2,517,270 in these various saving accounts. The bottom 20% have an average of $8,790.
  • Roughly 83% of savings are in located in retirement accounts like IRAs and workplace-sponsored retirement savings plans like 401(k)s.
  • Millennials, who have just started their savings journey, have currently socked away an average of $24,150 retirement savings. Gen Xers have $125,350 in retirement savings. Baby boomers and those born before 1946 have an average of $274,450.
  • 29% of households have less than $1,000 in savings.

You often read or hear stories about how Americans aren’t saving enough for college, for retirement, for a rainy day — for anything, really. But how much do they currently have in their bank, credit union or online brokerage?

MagnifyMoney used data from the Federal Reserve and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC) to estimate the average and median household balances in various types of banking and retirement savings accounts. 2016 household data from the Fed’s Survey of Consumer Finances was adjusted to 2019 levels by using March 2019 market values and fund flows.

Of course, these are very broad numbers, and very few of the 127 million U.S. households will be average. As of 2016, about 78% of households had at least one of the following: a savings account, a retirement savings account, a money market deposit account or certificates of deposit.

Average account balances

As of March 2019, among all households (including those with no account):

  • The average American household savings account balance is $17,930
  • The average American household has $5,650 in certificates of deposits (CDs)
  • The average American household has $10,230 in money market deposit accounts
  • The average American household has $10,650 in checking accounts
  • The average American household has $144,320 in one or more retirement savings accounts, including individual retirement accounts (IRAs), 401(k)s and other types of retirement accounts

 

Note that all households won’t necessarily own each type of savings account. For example, only about 7% of households currently have savings in some type of CD, meaning that the 93% without one will necessarily drive down the average.

Here are the average balances among savers, regardless of the kinds of savings vehicles they use. The averages below only exclude the 22% of households without any of these savings accounts. Households that have some savings vehicles but not necessarily all of the savings vehicles below were factored into each average.

Across all “saver” households:

  • The average savings account balance is $23,280
  • The average money market deposit account balance is $13,280
  • The average amount held in one or more CDs is $7,330
  • The average balance of all retirement accounts is $197,650
  • The average checking account balance is $7,960

 

When you look at the average balances of those who own the particular account, the averages are even higher:

  • 51% of American households have a savings account, and the average balance among them is $33,290
  • 18% have money market deposit accounts, and the average balance is $77,150
  • 7% have one or more CDs and hold a total average $82,090
  • 52% have one or more retirement accounts, and the total average balance is $277,390
  • 83% have checking accounts and the average balance is $11,670

 

Median account balances

Median balances are considerably lower than the averages. For example, the median savings account balance is $4,830, significantly lower than the $32,130 average American savings account balance. Fifty percent of households have more than $4,830 in those types of accounts, while 50% have less. (The median figures below only include households that have that type of account.)

  • The median American household savings account balance is $5,280
  • The median American household money market deposit account balance is $13,760
  • The median American household amount in one or more CDs is $22,940
  • The median retirement account size in American households is $72,720
  • The median American household checking account balance is $2,550

 

Demographics and savings

  •  Who are the above-average saving households? Wealthier households comprise most of them, but less-well heeled households can have healthy levels of savings as well. When you look at households who have saved more than the national average of $180,040, 59 percent of them are top income earners– those households in the top 20 percent of annual income. But 41 percent of above average savers are in the bottom 80% of income.

  • Millennial households have saved an average of less than $25,000, Gen Xers have about $125,000 saved, while baby boomers have saved nearly $275,000.

  • Regardless of income or age, 29% of households have less than $1,000 saved.

When savings is viewed through certain demographic prisms, like age, income and education, the average and median savings account balances start making more sense. For instance, it won’t surprise anyone that households with higher incomes save more than those of more modest means.

 

So although the average American household has saved roughly $180,000 in various types of savings accounts, only the top 10%-20% of earners will likely have savings levels approaching or exceeding that amount. Indeed, and as the chart above shows, the bottom 40% of American households are more likely than not to have any savings whatsoever. Conversely, the top 10% of the population by income is likely to have many times the national household savings average.

Similarly, millennials will have saved less than boomers, as the latter has had a 35-year head start, among other factors. Currently, the average boomer has roughly 11 times the amount saved as the average millennial.

 

How much does the average American have in savings for retirement?

Of course, many American households store much of their savings in retirement accounts, like 401(k) plans from their employers and IRAs, both of which are tax-advantaged accounts that can hold not only “liquid” savings but also investments like financial securities and, in some cases, other types of assets like real estate. Fifty-two percent of households have some sort of retirement account, according to a 2016 survey by the Federal Reserve.

Among all households (including those with no account), the average retirement savings account balance as of March 2019 is $144,320.

But among households with an account (about 52% of all households):

  • American households with a retirement account (accounts like employer-sponsored 401(k) plans and IRAs) have an average of $277,220 in such accounts.
  • The median household balance as of June 2018 is $72,720 among those with retirement accounts.

For those households with retirement accounts, here’s how retirement savings break out among the different generations:

  • Millennials have saved an average of $33,980
  • Gen Xers have an average of $165,580 in retirement savings.
  • Baby boomers and those born before 1946 have an average of $379,470 in retirement accounts.

Recent trends in deposit accounts

Here’s a closer look at how customers of banks and credit unions are allocating their deposits:

CDs are losing shares to traditional and money market accounts

The amount of savings in FDIC-insured banks have grown by nearly $4 trillion since the recession.

 

But that growth isn’t going into CDs. There’s nearly $1 trillion less in CDs in 2018 than 10 years ago, while the amount of savings in both traditional and money market deposit accounts has increased by more than $2 trillion in each category.

 

CD yields

As you may suspect, the primary culprit behind declining CD deposits are the accounts’ low yields. As illustrated in the chart below, the popularity of CDs has waned as banks paid relatively little interest for all CDs, even those with longer maturities. For much of the past decade, the average yield for locking up savings in 1-year CD barely exceeded the average yield on a money market account, which is more liquid than a CD.

 

Longer-term CDs haven’t been yielding much more, until recently. Although the Federal Reserve began its most recent series of short-term rate hikes in early 2017, CD yields only started to climb from rock bottom in spring 2018.

 

Credit unions: A smaller pool with slightly better yields

While savings have also increased in the much smaller credit union universe, CD deposits have remained steady.

 

While there are multiple explanations for the steady share of CDs at credit unions, such as the institutions’ not-for-profit status (members are the shareholders), one obvious reason is the competitive rates they offer customers relative to banks. According to the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) quarterly survey, credit unions usually offer consistently higher rates on savings than commercial banks.

 

Fortunately, savers (or would-be savers) are not consigned to improving-but-still-meager average savings yields. The best yields for savings accounts, CDs and money market accounts well exceed the average APY by at least one percentage point and often more.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Chris Horymski
Chris Horymski |

Chris Horymski is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Chris at [email protected]

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Average Bank Interest Rates

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

There are many types of savings accounts and other interest-earning accounts offered by banks and credit unions today. Here are the current average bank interest rates for some of the more widely available products. The averages are based on annual percentage yields (APYs) collected from nearly 7,000 bank and credit union accounts – including about 5,600 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)-insured banks.

Savings account yields, while historically low, can still vary widely among banks and credit unions. In general, the larger the bank, the less you may earn on your savings than you would if you shopped around for a better rate. While you might need a local bank for checking and a surcharge-free ATM, there’s no particular reason your savings needs to be languishing in a low-yielding account there as well. Shopping for a higher yielding account online is a relatively effortless way to find online banks that are paying much more in interest for the same type of savings products.

Average bank interest rates of select major banks

Bank

Interest Checking

Savings

MMA

1-Year CD

3-Year CD

Bank of America

0.01

0.03

0.02

0.05

0.55

Chase

0.01

0.01

N/A

0.02

0.45

Wells Fargo

0.01

0.01

0.03

1.25

1.10

Citibank

0.01

0.04

N/A

0.25

1.00

U.S. Bank

0.01

0.01

0.05

0.10

0.35

PNC Bank

0.01

0.01

0.09

0.15

1.25

TD Bank

0.03

0.05

0.15

0.20

0.60

KeyBank

0.01

010

0.12

0.25

0.20

Bank of the West

0.01

0.01

0.29

0.11

0.55

M&T Bank

0.01

0.02

0.05

1.40

2.25

Regions Bank

0.01

0.01

0.01

2.00

0.30

Source: DepositAccounts.com
Rates as of April 2019
Rates based on a $20,000 balance or deposit.

Credit unions will often pay more for your deposits than commercial banks. Below is a snapshot of average credit union and bank interest rates in April 2019. In the interim, interest rate hikes from the Federal Reserve mean average bank interest rates are even higher now, particularly for certificates of deposit (CDs).

Average bank interest rates of select products

Product

Credit Union APY(%)

Bank APY (%)

Interest Checking

0.12

0.14

Savings

0.17

0.19

MMA

0.36

0.25

1-Year CD

1.40

1.10

3-Year CD

1.96

1.56

Source: National Credit Union Administration, April 2019.

Recent increases in various bank account rates

Interest checking. Rates on checking accounts are never going to be exciting. The core purpose of checking accounts is to provide security and accessibility of your cash, and sometimes offer modest interest on your funds. But even these rates have been ticking up slightly in 2018, to an average of 0.17% in September 2018. But some banks will offer much higher interest rates than the average if you’re willing to meet certain conditions. Minimum balances are often required to either earn interest or avoid monthly maintenance fees.

Personal savings account rates. A savings account is a bank deposit for which there is no expiration date. Often they’re referred to as statement savings or passbook savings accounts. Unlike checking accounts, which are often used for everyday transactions and check writing, Federal Reserve regulations limit savings accounts transactions to six per calendar month. And while the average savings account APY is still only 0.23%, many banks, especially online banks, offer savings accounts with APYs of more than 2.00% annually.

Money market account rates. Money market accounts embody characteristics of both checking and savings accounts. They’re similar to savings accounts in terms of offering higher yields than checking accounts, and similar to checking as they typically offer limited check writing (though still subject to six transactions as other savings products). Most money market accounts have minimum balance requirements. Although the average money market account rate is 0.30%, we’ve seen APYs from some banks in excess of 1.00% annually.

CD rates. Certificates of deposit often offer the best interest rates from a bank or credit union. When you purchase a CD, you’re making a time deposit at an institution, and you typically cannot withdraw any of the funds until the maturity date without paying an early withdrawal penalty. CD yields are the savings vehicles showing the sharpest increases in yields, especially those with maturities of one year or more. Currently, average APYs of a 1-year CD is still about 1.00%, but banks offering the highest yields will pay you more than twice that.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Chris Horymski
Chris Horymski |

Chris Horymski is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Chris at [email protected]

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Here’s Why Single Women Are Buying More Homes Than Single Men

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

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Right after she turned 30, public relations pro Wendy Hsiao put in an offer on a cute brick townhouse in Atlanta. “For a lot of my friends, being an adult started either when you got married or had a baby,” she said. “I chose to buy a house.”

Why did she buy? She felt ready for a major life change, considered buying to be a smart financial decision and wanted a yard for her Pomeranian named Georgia. “I felt like it was time to make a place my home,” Hsiao said.

Her story is one example of a growing trend: the rise of single female homeownership. Single women are far more likely to become homeowners than single men, according to a study on singles owning homes by LendingTree, which owns MagnifyMoney. In fact, single women own 22% of homes on average, while single men own less than 13%.

This “gender gap” stems partly from the fact that single women prioritize homeownership when setting life goals. In fact, 73% of single women list owning a home as a top priority compared with 65% of single men, according to the 2018 Homebuyer Insights Report from Bank of America.

Single women are “skipping the spouse and buying the house,” according to the Bank of America report, which found that single women rank homeownership as a goal above getting married (41%) and having children (31%).

From homemaker to homeowner

While there’s still work to be done, women have taken huge steps toward professional and financial independence. Homeownership in particular contributes to economic stability, so it’s great that more single women are buying homes. There’s no doubt the increase in the number of women in the U.S. workforce, a figure that has more than doubled since 1975, has contributed to the trend. Here are some other driving forces behind the rise of single female homeownership:

Homeownership empowers women. Homeownership offers a place to live, stability and a way to build wealth, so it’s no surprise women view owning a home as empowering. In fact, 31% of single women (vs. 23% of single men) feel empowered when thinking about buying their first home. A licensed real estate agent in Chicago, Martina Smith bought a condo in her dream neighborhood of Streeterville after she broke off an engagement a few years ago. Her budget only allowed her to buy a “fixer-upper,” but she got a great deal and renovated her place. “It’s been very rewarding and empowering,” she said. And she thinks it reflects a bigger national trend. “We’re seeing more women taking charge,” Smith said.

Women are becoming more educated. Over the past few decades, women have become more educated than men. In 2017, 38% of women and 33% of men ages 25 to 64 had a bachelor’s degree. In that age group, 14% of women and 12% of men had an advanced degree. And women are putting off marriage to pursue that education, according to the 2018 Women in the Housing & Real Estate Ecosystem report. Educational attainment has a positive impact on homeownership rates.

Women are done waiting to marry. There’s been a cultural shift where women no longer feel they need to wait until they pair up to embark on certain aspects of “adulting,” said Kelley Long, a CPA and certified financial planner with Financial Finesse. “I will never forget a friend’s dad chastising me for doing ‘nesting’ things like buying nice furniture before I was married because of his perception that you just don’t do things like that until you’re married,” Long said, adding that women are “rejecting that idea because it’s not true.” If you want to marry in the future, the right partner will likely be impressed that you were financially secure enough to buy a home on your own, she said.

Single moms want a home base to raise kids. “Oftentimes, when people buy homes it’s for lifestyles reasons,” said Tendayi Kapfidze, chief economist for LendingTree. Getting married is one big reason, but having children is the other, he said. About 21% of U.S. kids live with single moms, a number that has almost doubled since 1968. In contrast, just 4% of kids live with single dads. “Children prompt people to buy homes,” he said. “So that might be one of the factors at play.” And it’s not just kids. As many as eight in 10 caregivers for elderly parents are women. The median age of a single female buyer is mid-50s, points out Jessica Lautz, vice president of demographics and behavioral insights for the National Association of REALTORS. A single female homebuyer “may be coming from a past relationship and purchasing a new home for herself, her children and her parents,” Lautz said, adding that single females are “willing to make sacrifices” to purchase a home.

So what does the future hold for single women owning homes? If marriage rates among all U.S. adults continue to drop, it’s likely the number of single women purchasing homes will rise even more, Lautz said.

Turn your homeownership dreams into reality

Strict lending standards can make it more difficult to qualify for a mortgage on a single income. Considering women also only make 80% of what their male colleagues earn, getting to a financially secure enough position to afford homeownership may feel daunting. Here are three tips for single women looking to buy a home of their own:

  1. Prep your finances for homebuying. It’s important to check your credit and your debt-to-income ratio before you start the homebuying process. If you spot problems, work on increasing your credit score and paying down your debt before you try to get preapproved for a mortgage. Getting the best possible rate can save you money over the life of the loan, which is especially important when your household depends on a single income. The upside is that single women have complete control and don’t need to worry about anyone else’s shaky credit or loads of debt. “If you’re in a couple, somebody is going to be dragging the other person down,” Kapfidze said.
  2. Build your nest egg before you buy. Forty-eight percent of women say they haven’t purchased a home yet because they haven’t saved enough for a down payment. But that’s not the only savings barrier to breach before taking the leap into homeownership. “Make sure you have a robust emergency fund,” Kapfidze said. Because single homeowners are on their own, they should set aside at least three months of mortgage payments as part of their emergency fund, Kapfidze suggested. “If you’re single, you’re the only one with income coming in to pay the mortgage,” he said.
  3. Pick a home that comes in under budget. Single women have lower household incomes than single men, so they may need to consider buying a smaller home, taking on a house that needs some work or settling in a lower priced neighborhood. The good news is that single women may be doing exactly that. In fact, the average home purchased by a single woman cost $173,000 compared with over $190,000 for a single man. Single women “may need to make price concessions when purchasing to find a home for themselves and their families,” Lautz said. And buying less house than you can afford can help you make your mortgage payment more easily if you hit financial hard times in the future.

Finally, it’s normal to feel stressed when you think of buying a home. In fact, more women (40%) than men (30%) feel overwhelmed by the idea of homeownership. But even though the homebuying process was scary, Hsiao said she has zero regret about buying a home of her own: “If you love the house, it’s 100% worth it.”

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Allie Johnson
Allie Johnson |

Allie Johnson is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Allie here

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