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Updated on Friday, November 20, 2015
This week, I had the opportunity to visit New York Institute of Technology’s Long Island campus to do a presentation about personal finance basics and student loans. After talking with some students both before and during the session, I figured out that their pain points boiled down to four main categories.
1. Building and Protecting a Credit Score
Credit scores are frequently a section of our presentations that we have to stop and field a lot of questions. There are so many myths out there that cause a lot of confusion, plus a general fear about how to properly use credit cards. I emphasized the fact you don’t need to take out a loan to build your credit score and diligent using a credit card is a free way to get a 700+. Just remember: pay on time and in full!
2. Digging Out of Consumer Debt Already Incurred
It’s not uncommon for college students to fall victim to the credit card debt trap. Some students had already started to utilize balance transfers to move debt over to 0% APR. This is a great strategy – but only if you can properly use the balance transfers. I overviewed some of the traps banks are hoping to lure you into with a balance transfer.
3. Understanding Income-Driven Repayment Programs
Most of the students had federal student loan debt, but hadn’t heard about income-driven repayment programs. These programs, such as IBR, REPAYE, PAYE and ICR can help make payments affordable – especially in the early years after graduation when salaries are likely to be low. The income-driven repayment programs restrict payments to a percentage of discretionary income and then discharge any remaining debt after 20 to 25 years.
4. How to Refinance Student Loans
Not all students can pay for tuition by just using federal loans, which leaves them turning to the private sector. Not only are private student loans likely to come with higher interest rates, but they definitely come with fewer protections and perks. Federal loans offer grace periods, forgiveness, income-driven repayment plans, forbearance and deferment. Private loans lock you in and aren’t always so lenient. However, refinancing does provide the opportunity to reduce interest rates on private and/or federal loans. Students just need to be wary about giving up the protections of federal loans.