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Debt Avalanche vs. Debt Snowball: Which Payoff Method Is Right for You?

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debt avalanche vs. debt snowball

You have several debts piling up, and you’re starting to worry you’re losing control over them. You have a car loan, student loan debt and two mounting credit card balances that are only getting higher with each passing month.

You’ve heard of two primary methods for paying off debt: the debt avalanche method and the debt snowball method. Both are effective ways to eliminate debt. But which one is right for you? Here’s everything you need to know about the two methods of debt elimination.

Debt avalanche vs. debt snowball: What’s the difference?

Both forms of debt elimination involve paying off debts one at a time. The primary difference between the two forms of debt elimination is which debts are paid off first.

With the debt avalanche method (also referred to as debt stacking), you pay off the debt with the highest interest rate first. With the debt snowball method, which was popularized by Dave Ramsey, author of “The Total Money Makeover” and radio personality, you prioritize the debt with the lowest balance.

Below, we’ve explored the nuances of each method so that you can figure out which one is ideal for you.

How does the debt snowball method work?

The debt snowball method involves taking a look at all your debt balances and paying them off from smallest to largest. You still pay the monthly minimum balance on all your debts, but put an extra, predetermined amount of money each month toward the smallest debt.

“Once you pay off the lowest balance loan, you would take that extra money and move it toward the second lowest balance,” said Forrest Baumhover, a certified financial planner at Westchase Financial Planning in Tampa, Fla. “At some point, you snowball. All of these principal payments that you were paying toward — all of these tiny loans or credit card balances — are now focused on the last remaining one.”

Who is it good for?

People who benefit from regular motivation. Consumers who opt for the debt snowball method tend to see success due to the “little wins” that go with paying off small debts quickly.

“If the difference in interest rates is not that much in terms of the overall savings, I might tell somebody to go with the snowball method just because they get to see progress sooner,” said Luis Rosa, a certified financial planner with Build a Better Financial Future in Henderson, Nev. “They might have smaller balances that they can get rid of in a month or two, and then they continue to be motivated because they can see some progress at the very beginning of the plan.”

The debt snowball method can also be beneficial for people who have a significant amount of debt in various forms. “The way I see it is if you’re starting with a pretty big number, then a lot of little victories will help you along the way,” Baumhover said.

Does it save you money?

Not necessarily. The debt avalanche method typically makes more sense as you save money on interest. But Rosa and Baumhover said people are often better able to stick to the snowball method because of the satisfaction of “little wins.”

Research from Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University showed that even though the avalanche method typically leads to more savings, consumers who opt for the snowball method are more likely to eliminate all their debt.

Breaking down how it works

Rosa offers this example:

Debt TypeMinimum PaymentCurrent PaymentBalanceInterest Rate

Car loan

$359

$359

$20,000

7.99% APR

Personal loan

$75

$75

$800

5% APR

Credit card No. 1

$100

$100

$5,000

17.99% APR

Credit card No. 2

$50

$50

$3,000

15% APR

If a consumer only made the monthly minimum payments on the above debts, it would take them 112 months to pay them off, Rosa said. Adding an extra $200 each month would cut that to 44 months.

Assuming the consumer puts an additional $200 per month (on top of minimum payments) toward paying off their debts from smallest to largest, they will have paid off the personal loan by December 2018 if the above scenario begins in October 2018. With the debt avalanche method, the personal loan will not be paid off until August 2019.

How does the debt avalanche method work?

If you opt for the debt avalanche method, you will continue making the monthly minimum payments on all your debts, but you will put your extra monthly allotment toward the debt with the highest interest rate, not the debt with the lowest balance.

“The key differentiator between the avalanche and the snowball [is that] the avalanche is going to be based on the highest interest rates first,” Rosa said. This means that you’ll likely focus on higher-interest debts, such as credit cards, before lower-interest debts, such as student loans.

Who is it good for?

People who are intrinsically motivated and who aren’t as concerned with the “little wins” that go with the snowball method.

“The avalanche method is typically known to be the most efficient mathematically,” Rosa said. “But sometimes the thing that’s best mathematically isn’t the best for you, because your card with the higher interest rate might be your higher balance card, and you might not see any progress for quite a bit.”

Does it save you money?

Typically, this debt repayment method saves you money, Rosa said. Because you are paying off the debt with the highest rate first, you will see more savings in interest paid.

Breaking down how it works

The benefits of the avalanche method can be seen using the same example as above:

Debt TypeMinimum PaymentCurrent PaymentBalanceInterest Rate

Car loan

$359

$359

$20,000

7.99% APR

Personal loan

$75

$75

$800

5% APR

Credit card No. 1

$100

$100

$5,000

17.99% APR

Credit card No. 2

$50

$50

$3,000

15% APR

If a consumer puts an extra $200 toward their debt each month and pays it off in 44 months (like the above example), they will not have the quick “win” that accompanies the debt snowball method, but will instead save slightly more on interest. The debt snowball method, in this case, has an overall interest savings of $6,496.82, while the debt avalanche method has an overall interest savings of $6,669.64.

Which debt repayment method is best for you?

Both methods can be beneficial strategies for paying off debt. What it typically boils down to is a person’s mindset and long-term goals.

What does Baumhover typically recommend?

“It depends on the type of client that I’m working with,” he said. “For people that need to tick off little milestones along the way to know that they’re actually making progress, there’s a powerful emotional aspect to [the snowball method]. But when you run the numbers, you do pay a little bit more in interest.”

For people who have intrinsic motivation and don’t need “little wins” to stay on track, the avalanche method might be a better option. “If someone really has a focus on just minimizing the amount of interest, then the debt avalanche would probably be what they would want to do,” Baumhover said.

To figure out which method is ideal for your specific financial situation, you can use this calculator.

5 ways to prioritize and pay off your debt

Now that you know the difference between these two debt payoff methods, it’s time to get started. Here are the first steps you should take once you’ve decided to tackle your debt.

1. Review your debts

Rosa said the first thing people should do is list out every single debt they have by name, APR, balance and minimum payment. Then, he suggests using a free online calculator, which allows you to enter all your debt information and compare different debt elimination methods.

This step is crucial for success. “The debt avalanche vs. the debt snowball, neither of those is going to work for someone who’s not willing to take a look at their whole picture,” Baumhover said.

2. Take a look at your spending habits

Once you’ve identified all your debts, take a look at your spending habits so that you can figure out how much money can go toward your debt elimination plan each month. “[People] should really try to set a realistic expectation of what they’re willing to live on in terms of their budget,” Baumhover said.

The most important thing is to be realistic. Don’t say, “I’ll put an extra $1,000 toward debt each month” without actually taking a hard look at your finances to see if this is possible. You’ll be setting yourself up for failure, Baumhover said.

“It’s kind of like trying to lose 50 pounds,” he said. “It’s not realistic to do it in a month, but if you say, ‘Maybe I need to do it over a year and a half, and I can afford to lose 3 pounds a month,’ then that’s a little bit more sustainable.”

3. Decide which debts you’ll prioritize

This is the point at which you should figure out which debt elimination plan is ideal for you. Are you the type of person who would benefit from small wins each month? Does the idea of eliminating three of your eight debts quickly appeal to you and sound motivating? If so, the debt snowball method is likely the right option for you.

If you have a history of diligence and determination and don’t think the “little wins” would do much for your motivation, then the debt avalanche method might be a better option for you as it’ll lead to more savings.

4. Get advice from an expert

If you’re struggling to prioritize and pay off your debts, consider contacting a financial expert such as a certified financial planner or a nonprofit credit counselor. They can help you take a big-picture look at your finances and offer advice on which strategy is better for you.

5. Stop racking up debt

Rosa said he often sees consumers begin a debt elimination plan and continue racking up credit card debt. This can ruin a debt elimination plan.

“Some people continue to use the cards,” Rosa said. “For example, they might be going after rewards points. The system only works if you no longer use the cards.”

But Rosa added that you shouldn’t necessarily close all your credit cards since this can have an impact on your credit score.

“If you have a credit card from 10 years ago, a major card like MasterCard, Visa or AmEx, you might not want to necessarily close it, even if you paid it off,” he said. “Just continue to use it occasionally, like for gas, [and] pay it off at the end of the month so that you keep that history.”

Another way to pay off your debt: Debt Consolidation

The avalanche and snowball methods aren’t the only ways to manage your debt.

You could take out a debt consolidation loan aka a personal loan to combine your existing debts. In doing so, you’ll get to make just one monthly payment on a loan with a lower interest rate and different repayment term. This is called debt consolidation, and it’s another repayment strategy that could save you money on interest.

A debt consolidation loan could help you get out of debt faster by reducing the total interest you pay over time. You also get to choose a new repayment term on your debt. So if you want to aggressively pay down your debt and save more money on interest, you could simply choose a shorter repayment period. Compare up to five offers in minutes when clicking “see offers” below. Note: Clicking “see offers” below does not affect your credit.

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Regardless of the repayment strategy you choose, you’re taking a step in the right direction by deciding to take control of your finances and eliminate your debt.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Jamie Friedlander
Jamie Friedlander |

Jamie Friedlander is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Jamie here

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Does Debt Snowflake Actually Work?

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debt avalanche vs. debt snowball

Two of the most popular debt payoff strategies are debt snowball and debt avalanche. Debt snowball, popularized by Dave Ramsey, involves paying off your debts from the smallest to the largest balance. Debt avalanche involves paying off your debts from highest to lowest interest rate.

There’s another winter-related strategy you might want to consider if you’re looking to repay significant debt: debt snowflake. Ideally, this strategy should be used in conjunction with either of the above methods. It helps you save small, snowflake-sized amounts of money each day or week to put toward your debt.

Read on for everything you need to know about the debt snowflake strategy.

How the debt snowflake strategy works


The debt snowflake strategy involves saving in little ways each day and then putting those small savings toward your debt. Ideally, debt snowflake shouldn’t be used by itself, but rather with another debt repayment strategy.

Priya Malani, founding partner of Stash Wealth, a financial planning company, said she wouldn’t call debt snowflake a “method,” per se. “I would think of it more as a bonus or add-on strategy that works in conjunction with one of the main methods of debt paydown, [like the] snowball or avalanche,” she said.

So how does it work? It’s quite simple. Let’s say you bring your lunch one day instead of spending $8 on a salad. You can put that $8 toward your debt immediately by making a small payment online. Or you can keep track of your “snowflakes” and put them toward your debt at the end of the month.

There are many areas you can reassess in your daily life to find small savings. Consider the following ways to cut back:

  • Cancel old subscriptions. Malani said this can include everything from magazine and music subscriptions (like Spotify) to gym memberships and movie/TV subscriptions (like Hulu).
  • Sell old clothing and goods online. If you have old clothing, shoes or accessories sitting in your closet, consider selling them on Poshmark, eBay or through a Facebook buy/sell/trade group.
  • If you’re going out, do it during happy hour. Instead of spending $13 on a craft cocktail, find a bar that sells one for $6 as part of a happy hour special, Malani recommends.
  • Take uberPOOLS or Express POOLS whenever you can. UberPOOLS are significantly cheaper than normal Ubers, and Express Pools can be up to 50% cheaper than uberPOOLS. Malani also recommends taking public transportation whenever you can.
  • Skip the morning latte. Beverly Harzog, author of “The Debt Escape Plan,” said just because you’re budgeting with the snowflake strategy doesn’t mean you need to skip your latte every day. Instead of getting one six days a week, opt for once a week instead.
  • Skip convenience items at the grocery store. Pre-washed, pre-cut lettuce is going to run you a lot more than a head of iceberg, Harzog said. Skip convenience items such as this when shopping for your weekly groceries.
  • Have a low-key night at home. A night out with friends could run you $100 or even $200. Malani recommends having everyone over for a wine night or potluck instead to save a little cash.
  • Opt for cheaper entertainment. Instead of going to the movies or catching a live show every weekend, consider renting a movie and eating something at home. Just remember: That doesn’t mean you have to become a hermit. “Maybe go to a movie once a month instead of four times a month,” Harzog said.

Debt snowflake: Pros and cons

The debt snowflake strategy isn’t for everyone. Below, we’ve identified the top three pros and cons associated with the strategy.

Pros

  • It’s an easy way to make small changes. Some debt repayment strategies require quite a bit of planning, but the snowflake strategy is fairly simply. All you have to do is save $2, $5 or $10 every so often, and there isn’t much more to it.
  • There’s a psychological perk. Many people benefit from the small “wins” associated with the debt snowball method. The snowflake has a similar benefit. “The snowflake strategy reminds you that you are in control of decreasing your debt balance, which has great psychological benefits that help keep you motivated and empowered with your financial life,” Malani said.
  • It makes you more aware of your spending. It’s easy to get stuck in a pattern of less-than-stellar spending habits without realizing their damage. For example, a $4 latte each weekday might not seem like a lot until you realize that skipping it could save you about $100 a month. “I think [the debt snowflake] makes people stop and think about what they’re doing every single day,” Harzog said.

Cons

  • It requires serious organization. If you opt for the debt snowflake strategy, you have to make sure you’re organized. This means either grabbing your cellphone and making a transfer the minute you save money or keeping a list of all your savings to put toward your debt at the end of the month. Harzog recommends staying organized by setting up email or phone reminders to ensure you make your payments.
  • It doesn’t work well as a stand-alone strategy. Some people want a simple, streamlined solution for paying off their debt. If you’re concerned about balancing too many things, debt snowflake might not be for you, as it works best with another strategy such as debt snowball or debt avalanche.
  • You might lose motivation. The savings associated with the debt snowflake strategy are small. Malani said if you struggle to find these small savings, you might feel defeated and could lose your motivation to stay on track.

Debt snowflake makes a difference: Here’s how

Saving $5 here or $7 there might not seem like it will make a difference in your debt, especially if you have a large balance. But it does.

Let’s say you have $5,000 in credit card debt with a 15% interest rate and a minimum monthly payment of $100. You normally pay $200 per month toward your debt but are able to put an extra $100 toward it by using the snowflake strategy to cut out weekly lattes and other small expenses. Here’s how much of a difference that extra $100 a month can make:

StrategyTotal DebtMinimum PaymentMonthly PaymentInterest RateTime to Pay Off Debt Total Interest Paid
No snowflake$5,000$100$200 15%31 months$1,033
Snowflake$5,000$100$30015%19 months$642

3 other debt repayment strategies to consider

Perhaps the debt snowflake, debt snowball and debt avalanche methods aren’t for you. Luckily, there are myriad ways to pay off debt. Below are three other strategies to consider.

Debt consolidation loan. One common way to pay off debt is through a debt consolidation loan. This involves combining all your debt and taking out a personal loan that will go toward the debt as one monthly payment.

Interest rates on debt consolidation loans are typically lower than interest rates on credit cards.

Balance transfer credit card. If your debt is credit card-related, you might want to consider a balance transfer credit card. These cards typically have introductory rates as low as 0%, which can allow you to repay your debt while saving on interest.

This strategy is only worthwhile if you’re certain you can repay your debt within the introductory rate grace period since the rate after that could be just as high or even higher than your previous rate.

Debt management. If you hold a significant amount of debt and have struggled for years to pay it off, you might benefit from credit counseling. Consider meeting with a nonprofit credit counselor who could help you come up with a debt management plan.

Besides helping you stay on track with a debt management plan, nonprofit credit counselors can teach you about good financial habits that help avoid getting into debt again.

Whichever strategy you choose doesn’t matter as long as you’re committed to becoming debt-free.

“The right method is the one that works for you — the one that keeps you motivated and going — because everyone has different personal circumstances,” Harzog said. “You have to be very honest with yourself. Take a close look at your budget and your cash flow, and just see what you can do and pick the right method for yourself.”

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Jamie Friedlander
Jamie Friedlander |

Jamie Friedlander is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Jamie here

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The Fastest Way to Pay Off $10,000 in Credit Card Debt

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Disclosure : By clicking “See Offers” you’ll be directed to our parent company, LendingTree. You may or may not be matched with the specific lender you clicked on, but up to five different lenders based on your creditworthiness.

Before you read on, click here to download our FREE guide to become debt free forever!

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Updated – January 10, 2019

Digging out of credit card debt can feel frustrating, intimidating and ultimately impossible. Fortunately, it doesn’t have to be any of those things if you learn how to take control.

Paying down debt is not only about finding the right financial tools, but also the right psychological ones. You need to understand why you racked up credit card debt in the first place. Perhaps it was a medical emergency or a home repair that needed to be taken care of immediately. Maybe you’d already drained your emergency fund on one piece of bad luck when misfortune struck again. Or maybe you’re struggling with a compulsive shopping problem, so paying down debt will likely result in you accumulating more until the addiction is addressed.

You also need to understand what motivates you to succeed. Do you want to pay down your credit card debt in the absolute fastest amount of time possible that will save more money or do you want to take some little wins along the way to keep yourself motivated?

Here’s a couple strategies consider as you learn the best way to handle credit card debt — and pay it off quickly.

2 common credit card debt repayment strategies

These repayment strategies can help you pay off credit card debt quickly. Keep in mind, you can use these strategies even for non-credit-card debt:

  • Debt avalanche: Focus on paying off the credit card with the highest interest rate first. Then, work your way down. This strategy can save you money on interest and get you out of debt sooner.
  • Debt snowball: Pay off your smallest debts first. Doing so can motivate you to continue making payments as you climb out of debt.

You don’t necessarily need to pick the repayment strategy that gets you out of debt the fastest. After all, if your repayment strategy doesn’t keep you motivated, you may not stick to it.

Using a personal loan or balance transfer credit card

As you seek to repay your debt, you could consider a personal loan or balance transfer credit card with a lower interest rate than on your existing debt. Transferring your debt to one of these financial products could help you reduce long-term interest costs.

But you’ll first need to learn whether or not you’re eligible. Your credit score will play a big role in determining your eligibility for a personal loan or balance transfer card. Use our widget below to figure out if a personal loan or a balance transfer is the best option for you!

What’s the best option for me?

Please enter information below and we’ll provide the best option to consolidate your credit card debt!

If you have a credit score above 640, you have a good chance of qualifying for a personal loan at a much lower interest rate than your credit card debt. With new internet-only personal loan companies, you can shop for loans without hurting your score. In just a few minutes, with a simple online form, you can get matched with multiple lenders. People with excellent credit can see APRs below 10%. But even if your credit isn’t perfect, you might be able to find a good loan to fit your needs.

Not sure what your credit score is? Click here to learn how and where to find out. If you know your credit score needs some work but not sure of what can be done, click here.

If you have a score above 700, you could also qualify for 0% balance transfer offers. We will talk more about balance transfers below but this option is the best way to pay off credit card debt if you’re able to qualify for a 0% APR balance transfer credit card.

A credit score of less than 600 will make it difficult for you to qualify for either option. If you have a credit score less than 640, struggling to make monthly debt payments and would like to explore your options to reduce your debt by up to 50%, then please click our option below to customize a personal debt relief plan.

Custom Debt Relief Plan

Now let’s talk about the financial tools to add to your debt repayment strategy in order to dig out of the hole.

Let’s say you have $10,000 in credit card debt, and are stuck paying 18% interest on it.

You already know that putting as much spare cash as you can toward paying down your debt is the most important thing to do. But once you’ve done that, so what’s next?

Use your good credit to make banks compete and cut your rates

You could save $1,800 a year in interest and lower your monthly payments based on several of the rates available today. That means you could pay it off almost 20% faster.

Here’s how it works.

Option One: Use a Balance Transfer (or Multiple Balance Transfers)


If you trust yourself to open a new credit card but not spend on it, consider a balance transfer. You may be able to cut your rate with a long 0% intro APR. You need to have a good credit score, and you might not get approved for the full amount that you want to transfer.

Your own bank might not give you a lower rate (or only drop it by a few percent), but there are lots of competing banks that may want to steal the business and give you a better rate.

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MagnifyMoney regularly surveys the market to find the best balance transfer credit cards. If you would like to see what other options exist, beyond Chase and Discover, you can start there.

promo-balancetransfer-halfIt also has tips to make sure you do a balance transfer safely. If you follow them you’ll save thousands on your debt by remaining disciplined.

You might be scared of a balance transfer, but there is no faster way to cut your interest payments than taking advantage of the best 0% or low interest deals banks are offering.

Thanks to recent laws, balance transfers aren’t as sneaky as they used to be, and friendlier for helping you cut your debt.

Sometimes the first bank you deal with won’t give you a big enough credit line to handle all your credit card debt. Maybe you’ll get a $5,000 credit line for a 0% deal, but have $10,000 in debt. That’s okay. In that case, apply for the next best balance transfer deal you see. MagnifyMoney’s list of deals makes it easy to sort them.

Banks are okay with you shopping around for more than one deal.

Option Two: Personal Loan

If you never want to see another credit card again, you should consider a personal loan. You can get prequalified at multiple lenders without hurting your credit score, and find the best deal to pay off your debt faster.

Personal loan interest rates are often about 10-20%, but can sometimes be as low as 5-6% if you have very good credit.

Moving from 18% interest on a credit card to 10% on a personal loan is a good deal for you. You’ll also get one set monthly payment, and pay off the whole thing in 3 to 5 years.

Sometimes this may mean a higher monthly payment than you’re used to, but you’re better off putting your cash toward a higher payment with a lower rate.

And you’ll get out of debt months or years faster by leaving more money to pay down the debt itself. If you want to shop for a personal loan, we recommend starting at LendingTree. With a single online form, dozens of lenders will compete for your business. Only a soft credit pull is completed, so your credit score will not be harmed. People with excellent scores can see low APRs (sometimes below 6%). And people with less than perfect scores still have a good chance of finding a lender to approve them.

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If you don’t want to shop at LendingTree, you can see our list of the best personal loans here.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Brian Karimzad
Brian Karimzad |

Brian Karimzad is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Brian at brian@magnifymoney.com

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