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Good Debt vs. Bad Debt — What’s the Difference?

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

When you think of debt, you might picture someone faced with thousands of dollars in credit card or student loan bills. Or perhaps you’ll think about a substantial loan someone secured to launch their small business.

Although these are all forms of debt, they are not all created equally in the eyes of lenders or credit bureaus. No form of debt is inherently “good,” but there are forms of debt that are not necessarily as bad and can contribute to someone’s financial future in meaningful ways.

Learning to spot the difference between good debt and bad debt, knowing which type of debt to pay off first, and determining what forms of debt you should never take on can allow you to have financial stability and peace of mind.

What is good debt?

Good debt is debt that in some way contributes to your financial future in a significant way.

“When people are financing either assets or other things that have some sort of true and intrinsic value — and maybe even an ascending value — then you can make a pretty good argument that it’s good debt,” said John Ulzheimer, founder of The Ulzheimer Group and a credit-reporting expert formerly of FICO and Equifax.

Gerri Detweiler, a consumer credit expert and author of Debt Collection Answers: How to Use Debt Collection Laws to Protect Your Rights, said good debt boils down to whether someone comes out of debt with something to show for it.

“I think overall, generally good debt is debt where you come out ahead,” Detweiler said. “Whether that’s investing in a home that’s later paid for and provides you with a place to live, or an education that results in higher earning power over your career, or even small business debt that allows you to start or grow a small business that brings an income — those are all examples of debt that can be good debt.”

But Detweiler adds that all forms of good debt must be looked at on a case-by-case basis.

“[They’re not] automatically ‘good’ debt, because it’s possible, of course, to get into a house that ends up being a money waster,” she said. “You could end up spending a lot of money for an education and not be able to translate that into a career or a steady income. Or you could invest in a small business that fails. There’s no guarantee that those types of debt that are often good will be good for you. You have to be sure you’re making a smart decision.”

Experts agree that generally speaking, the following are all forms of good debt.

Mortgages

A mortgage taken out to finance a home is considered a good debt because as a buyer, you are investing in a piece of property that will hopefully provide you a return on investment one day. And depending on your income level, a mortgage could provide a deduction on your taxes.

“You can make a pretty strong argument that debt incurred to buy a home is good debt, presuming that you’re buying a home that is going to appreciate over time, and when you sell it someday, you’re going actually make money out of it,” Ulzheimer said.

Mortgages also tend to have lower interest rates than other types of loans. The average interest rate in the U.S. for a 30-year fixed rate mortgage is currently 4.55 percent, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. On the other hand, the average interest rate for new credit cards in the U.S. is nearly 14 percent, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

Student loans

Perhaps the most valuable debt someone will incur in their lifetime, according to Ulzheimer, is student loan debt to pursue a college education.

“I think studies are pretty clear that people who have a college degree over their lifetime are going to earn more than people who do not,” Ulzheimer said. “In my mind, that may be the best of all debts in terms of return on investment.”

Interest rates on federal student loans vary, but currently sit between 4.45 and 7 percent, according to the U.S. Department of Education.

The earning potential for college graduates is starkly higher than that of non-graduates. Men with a bachelor’s degree earn an average of $900,000 more in their lifetime than men with only a high school education, while women with a bachelor’s degree earn an average of $630,000 more in their lifetime than their high-school educated counterparts, according to data from the Social Security Administration. The numbers only increase with graduate degrees: Men earn an average of $1.5 million more and women $1.1 million more in their lifetimes than those with only a high school education.

Small business loans

Taking out a small business loan can be beneficial — investing in a small business, assuming it succeeds, means investing in something that could provide you significant future earnings.

Loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA), for example, typically have lower down payments, lower interest rates and flexible overhead requirements, according to the organization.

“You’re making an investment in yourself, in your future, in your business,” said Kathryn Bossler, a credit counselor with GreenPath, a nationwide consumer credit counseling agency.

That being said, there are some very high-cost short-term business loans available that could cause a strain on your bottom line;approach these with caution.

Home equity loans

Home equity loans fall into the “good” category because they allow someone to borrow against him or herself (instead of from an outside lender) to make a large purchase or investment, or to pay off debt with a higher interest rate.

In addition, home equity loans typically come with lower interest rates — they range from about 4.25 to 6 percent, according to LendingTree — and can help someone consolidate and pay back other higher interest rate debts.

However, home equity loans used for the wrong purpose, such as financing a vacation or an unnecessary large purchase, could become a form of “bad” debt — ultimately, it all depends on what the home equity loan proceeds are used for.

What is bad debt?

When Detweiler was in her 20s, she went to Sears and got approved for a credit card. She purchased a couch, an answering machine and a lamp. “Before that debt was paid off, the couch had a rip in it, the answering machine had been zapped by lightning and the lamp was broken,” she said. “I still had a bill, and nothing to show for it. That’s definitely bad debt.”

Detweiler said “bad” debt is debt in which the borrower has nothing to show for it, save for the fact that they’ve spent a significant amount of money.

Forms of bad debt typically come with very high interest rates, making it difficult for borrowers with significant debt to pay it back in a timely manner.

Experts agree that generally speaking, the following are all forms of bad debt.

Credit card debt

Credit card debt is perhaps the most pervasive form of “bad” debt in the U.S., with 121 million Americans currently carrying credit card debt. The average credit card debt per person is $4,453, while the average credit card debt per household is $8,683.

Credit card debt falls into the “bad” category mainly because of the high interest rate that often accompanies credit cards. In fact, the average interest rate for a new credit card in the U.S. is around 14 percent, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

“Typically, it’s a red flag if you need to carry a balance on your credit card,” Bossler said. “Credit cards are really designed for convenience. There are lots of consumer perks in terms of points and rewards …But carrying a balance is probably going to come with a high interest rate, and is promising money that you don’t have right now.”

Luckily, consolidating credit card debt can help borrowers pay it back more quickly than they might be able to pay back other forms of “bad” debt.

Payday loans

Payday loans should be avoided at all costs.

“I think the worst of the worst, most people would agree, would be payday loan type debt, because the interest rates are so high and the repayment requirements are so immediate,” Bossler said. “And usually someone who is taking out that type of loan is in serious financial distress.”

Because payday loans are typically smaller and paid back in a couple of weeks, borrowers might not feel their impact. But that doesn’t mean it’s not there.

“They’re called ‘lenders of last resort’ for a reason,” Ulzheimer said. “Their interest rates are, when you annualize them, in some cases several hundred percent APR. You don’t feel that because they have short-term amortization schedules.”

“Gray area” debt

Some debts may not be inherently good or bad. It all depends on how you use them.

401(k) loans

Borrowing against your 401(k) might not seem like a terrible decision in the short-term — after all, you’re taking out a loan from yourself — but it can come with a number of consequences. Ulzheimer said he often sees people take money out of their retirement accounts to pay off debt, but then fail to pay back their 401(k) loan.

“You’re almost compounding the problem by doing something silly like that,” he said. By not paying it back, people face countless consequences, including delaying their retirement plan, potentially paying more in taxes (401(k) funds are pre-tax), and potentially paying a penalty for not paying back the loan in time.

In addition, if someone leaves a job before paying back their 401(k) loan, he or she must repay the loan over a set period of time or it could be treated like a distribution and taxed accordingly.

Auto loans

Auto loans fall into the murky territory between good and bad. A car can be a necessary purchase for many people. And someone with the right financial know-how can take on an auto loan that is neither bad nor good, but rather necessary.

However, Detweiler said people often get swept up into higher car payments than they can afford, which can lead to a situation in which someone is paying for a car that is either not running or not worth investing in anymore. “You really have to be on guard when going into debt for something like a car, because it’s very easy to get talked into or psyched into spending more than you can afford.”

Bossler said that when she first began working as a credit counselor 12 years ago, three to five-year loans were common. Now, because cars are more expensive and because consumers want the lowest interest rate possible, she’s seeing terms as long as 72 and 84 months.

“That’s when I would say we’re getting into dangerous territory,” she said. “The car is probably not going to be worth what you owe a couple years down.”

Learn more: Revolving debt vs installment debt

Installment debt is a standardized loan that is paid back in installments that are typically monthly. Mortgages and auto loans are common forms of installment debt. The amount the borrower pays typically remains the same month-to-month.

Revolving debt, on the other hand, doesn’t have a set amount to be paid by the borrower each month, though there is a limit to how much a borrower can use. Credit cards and home equity lines of credit are common forms of revolving debt, because credit is borrowed, then paid back, then borrowed again in a revolving manner, with the amount changing each month.

Both forms of debt affect your credit report and credit score, though revolving debt is typically seen as riskier by the credit bureaus, as credit scores often hinge on the amount of available credit a consumer uses. Installment debt is often associated with an asset (i.e. a home or car), making it a safer form of debt in the eyes of credit bureaus.

It’s generally viewed as positive to carry a mix of both installment and revolving debt, with fewer of the latter in your credit mix. Credit mix makes up 10% of your credit score.

How to eliminate debt

Regardless of what type of debt you have, paying it off in a timely manner is crucial for achieving financial freedom. Keep these best practices in mind when you begin paying off your debt.

1. Know your interest rates.

Detweiler said she has spoken to countless consumers who have no idea what their interest rates are. They will throw money at a debt trying to get out of it before actually looking at what the numbers say.

By taking a look at the interest rates for all of your loans, you can determine whether refinancing or consolidating is a good option. Or, you can identify which loan has the highest interest rate, and then prioritize paying back that loan first.

2. Consider refinancing your debt.

Getting a lower interest rate on your debt can be integral for paying it off. “While you’re paying off debt,” said Detweiler, “look at whether you can refinance some of that debt to make the interest rate less expensive.”

For personal loans, such as mortgages and student loans, this could mean refinancing to get a lower rate. For credit card debt, it could mean taking on a lower-interest debt consolidation loan or transferring a balance to a card with a better interest rate.

3. Establish your priorities.

Ulzheimer said you should first ask yourself what your priority is. Is your priority to get out of debt as quickly as possible? Is it to pay down your most expensive debt first? Is it to eliminate nuisance balances on retail store credit cards? Is it to improve your credit score?

Once you identify your priorities, you can begin effectively paying off your debt.

One strategy Ulzheimer recommends for paying off credit card debt is paying down the cards you use the most while also paying off your nuisance balances.

“Credit scores hate balances on credit cards, and credit scores hate to see highly leveraged cards, to the extent you can take care of those first,” Ulzheimer said. “A. You’re getting out of debt which is good, and B. Your credit scores are going to start to improve because your utilization ratios are going to go down, and the number of accounts you have balances with is also going to go down.”

4. Be conscious of the credit you use while paying off debt.

Bossler said she would advise someone looking to get out of debt pursue the strategy that is not only going to give them the best interest rate, but is also going to stop them from using the credit again and digging themselves into the same hole.

“What we see sometimes is that people will refinance their home or take out equity to pay off credit cards or get into those 0 percent interest credit cards, and then go back around and use the old cards again,” she said. “Something we talk a lot about with consumers is yes, we have this strategy to address your debt, but what are the other steps you’re going to take to avoid it again?”

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Jamie Friedlander
Jamie Friedlander |

Jamie Friedlander is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Jamie here

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Couponing 101: How to Get Started So You Can Eliminate Debt

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

Think couponing is a waste of time? Think again. Taking a moment to clip a coupon or ask for a deal can go a long way toward getting out of debt.

The Federal Reserve’s most recent Survey of Consumer Finances shows that 77% of Americans have some form of debt, with credit card debt being the most common. And, according to financial attorney Leslie H. Tayne, founder of Tayne Law Group P.C., there is no downward trend in sight. With the cost of goods on the rise, and income levels not keeping pace, the Melville, N.Y., lawyer says that people become trapped in the paycheck to paycheck cycle. Their debt severely limits their opportunities — both financially and in life.

Lauren Greutman, Syracuse, N.Y.-based consumer savings expert and founder of That Lady Media, once knew that struggle. With $40,000 in debt and an underwater mortgage, she turned to couponing to slash her grocery bill from $2,000 to $200 per month, allocating those savings to her debt. She coupled her couponing strategies with some side hustles and eliminated that burden in three years.

“By couponing, you can give yourself a $5,000-a-year raise that you can use to pay down debt or put towards your other financial goals,” Greutman said.

Here’s how to get your start.

How to start couponing

Greutman said that it’s important for you to first learn when to use a coupon and when not to. For example, she pointed out, buying a generic good may still be cheaper than buying a name brand good with a coupon. She adds that you should hold on to coupons until the items are on sale to increase your savings. Consumer.gov takes it a step further and advises you to avoid buying things just because you have a coupon. It’s not a good deal if you don’t want or need the item.

Next, Greutman encourages you to learn the couponing policies of your favorite stores. Do they let you double up on coupons? At one point, she was getting $500 worth of groceries for $40 by taking advantage of triple coupon sales that her preferred grocer ran once per month.

Greutman’s go-to strategy to get coupons? She emails her favorite manufacturers directly, who, nine times out of 10, send her free products or a high-value coupon. Tayne concurs and often asks companies what deals they have running. If it’s quick and simple, she “loves the idea of trying to pay less.” Consumer.gov says that coupons can also be found in newspapers, magazines, on manufacturer’s websites, or on websites specifically dedicated to coupons.

Couponing strategies from the pros

Greutman offers the following pro couponing tips:

  • Stack savings by pairing a store coupon with a manufacturer’s coupon to purchase a sale item that has a mail-in rebate.
  • Learn the sales cycles of your favorite brands (competitors will never have their goods on sale at the same time).
  • Meal plan around deals to feed your family for super cheap.

Tayne also likes the planning aspect of couponing. She said that the process helps you stick to a budget because you’re thinking about your purchases before you get to the store. This can prevent overspending and taking on additional debt. The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) encourages you to make frugal shopping a family endeavor and teach your children about the value of using coupons early on.

On her website, Greutman urges you to realize that couponing is a skill that takes time to hone. She encourages you to not give up just because you’re not scoring the mega deals right out of the gate. With patience, couponing, and meal planning, the whole frugal shopping experience can eventually become automatic to you.

A word of caution on couponing

On couponing, Greutman said that “short term sacrifice will give you long term gain.” However, both she and Tayne agree that extreme couponing may not be cost effective due to the time commitment. If the process is quick and simple, it absolutely makes sense to try and pay less, Tayne said. But, she cautioned, “don’t let [couponing] take over your life and impact your ability to earn money, which may be more valuable than couponing.”

Once Greutman mastered couponing, she started her business to help other women get out of debt using the tools that she learned. By doing this, she increased her household’s income, further hastening the process of becoming debt free. The moral? Your best way to get out of debt appears to be a two-pronged approach of saving money (through coupons or other means) and earning more of it.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Laura Gariepy |

Laura Gariepy is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Laura here

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7 Best Options to Refinance Student Loans –Get Your Lowest Rate

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

Updated: December 2, 2018

Are you tired of paying a high interest rate on your student loan debt? You may be looking for ways to refinance your student loans at a lower interest rate, but don’t know where to turn. We have created the most complete list of lenders currently willing to refinance student loan debt. We recommend you start here and check rates from the top 7 national lenders offering the best student loan refinance products. All of these lenders (except Discover) also allow you to check your rate without impacting your score (using a soft credit pull), and offer the best rates of 2018:

LenderTransparency ScoreMax TermFixed APRVariable APRMax Loan Amount 
SoFiA+

20


Years

3.90% - 8.02%


Fixed Rate*

2.56% - 7.30%


Variable Rate*

No Max


Undergrad/Grad
Max Loan
Learn more Secured

on SoFi’s secure website

EarnestA+

20


Years

3.89% - 7.89%


Fixed Rate

2.47% - 6.97%


Variable Rate

No Max


Undergrad/Grad
Max Loan
Learn more Secured

on Earnest’s secure website

CommonBondA+

20


Years

3.67% - 7.25%


Fixed Rate

2.70% - 7.44%


Variable Rate

No Max


Undergrad/Grad
Max Loan
Learn more Secured

on CommonBond’s secure website

LendKeyA+

20


Years

5.10% - 8.93%


Fixed Rate

2.68% - 8.96%


Variable Rate

$125k / $175k


Undergrad/Grad
Max Loan
Learn more Secured

on LendKey’s secure website

Laurel Road BankA+

20


Years

3.50% - 7.02%


Fixed Rate

3.23% - 6.65%


Variable Rate

No Max


Undergrad/Grad
Max Loan
Learn more Secured

on Laurel Road Bank’s secure website

Citizens BankA+

20


Years

3.90% - 9.99%


Fixed Rate

3.00% - 9.74%


Variable Rate

$90k / $350k


Undergraduate /
Graduate
Learn more Secured

on Citizens Bank (RI)’s secure website

Discover Student LoansA+

20


Years

5.74% - 8.49%


Fixed Rate

4.99% - 7.99%


Variable Rate

$150k


Undergraduate /
Graduate
Learn more Secured

on Discover Bank’s secure website

You should always shop around for the best rate. Don’t worry about the impact on your credit score of applying to multiple lenders: so long as you complete all of your applications within 14 days, it will only count as one inquiry on your credit score.

We have also created:

But before you refinance, read on to see if you are ready to refinance your student loans.

Can I get approved?

Loan approval rules vary by lender. However, all of the lenders will want:

  • Proof that you can afford your payments. That means you have a job with income that is sufficient to cover your student loans and all of your other expenses.
  • Proof that you are a responsible borrower, with a demonstrated record of on-time payments. For some lenders, that means that they use the traditional FICO, requiring a good score. For other lenders, they may just have some basic rules, like no missed payments, or a certain number of on-time payments required to prove that you are responsible.
LenderMinimum credit scoreEligible degreesEligible loansAnnual income
requirements
Employment
requirement
 
SoFi

Good or Excellent
score needed

Undergraduate
& Graduate

Private, Federal,
& Parent PLUS

None

Yes


(or signed job offer)
Learn more Secured

on SoFi’s secure website

Earnest

660

Undergraduate
& Graduate

Private, Federal,
& Parent PLUS

None

Yes


(or signed job offer)
Learn more Secured

on Earnest’s secure website

CommonBond

660

Undergraduate
& Graduate

Private, Federal,
& Parent PLUS

None

Yes


(or signed job offer)
Learn more Secured

on CommonBond’s secure website

LendKey

680

Undergraduate
& Graduate

Private & Federal

$24K

Yes

Learn more Secured

on LendKey’s secure website

Laurel Road Bank

Not published

Undergraduate
& Graduate

Private, Federal,
& Parent PLUS

None

Yes


(or signed job offer)
Learn more Secured

on Laurel Road Bank’s secure website

Citizens Bank

680

Undergraduate
& Graduate

Private, Federal,
& Parent PLUS

$24K

Yes

Learn more Secured

on Citizens Bank (RI)’s secure website

Discover Student Loans

Not published

Undergraduate
& Graduate

Private & Federal

None

Yes

Learn more Secured

on Discover Bank’s secure website

Diving Deeper: The best places to consider a refinance

If you go to other sites they may claim to compare several student loan offers in one step. Just beware that they might only show you deals that pay them a referral fee, so you could miss out on lenders ready to give you better terms. Below is what we believe is the most comprehensive list of current student loan refinancing lenders.

You should take the time to shop around. FICO says there is little to no impact on your credit score for rate shopping as many providers as you’d like in a single shopping period (which can be between 14-30 days, depending upon the version of FICO). So set aside a day and apply to as many as you feel comfortable with to get a sense of who is ready to give you the best terms.

Here are more details on the 7 lenders offering the lowest interest rates:

1. SoFi

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on SoFi’s secure website

Read Full Review

SoFi : Variable rates from 2.56% and Fixed Rates from 3.90% (with AutoPay)*

SoFi was one of the first lenders to start offering student loan refinancing products. More MagnifyMoney readers have chosen SoFi than any other lender. The only requirement is that you graduated from a Title IV school. In order to qualify, you need to have a degree, a good job and good income.

Pros Pros

  • Borrowers can refinance private, federal and Parent PLUS loans together: Through SoFi, borrowers have the ability to combine all of their student loans (private, federal and Parent PLUS) when refinancing. Along with the ability to refinance Parent PLUS loans, parents can also transfer the PLUS loans into their child’s name.
  • Access to career coaches: SoFi offers their borrowers access to their Career Advisory Group who work one-on-one with borrowers to help plan their career paths and futures.
  • Unemployment protection: SoFi offers some help if you lose your job. During the period of unemployment they will pause your payments (for up to 12 months) and work with you to find a new job. However, just remember that any unemployment protection offered by SoFi would be weaker than the income-driven repayment options of federal loans.

Cons Cons

  • No cosigner release: While they offer you the opportunity to refinance with a cosigner, it is important to know that SoFi does not offer borrowers the opportunity to release a cosigner later on down the road.
  • You lose certain protections if you refinance a federal loan: This con is not unique to SoFi (and you will find it with all other private lenders). Federal loans come with certain protections, including robust income-driven payment protection options. You will forfeit those protections if you refinance a federal loan to a private loan.

Bottom line

Bottom line

SoFi is really the original student loan refinance company, and is now certainly the largest. SoFi has consistently offered low interest rates and has received good reviews for service. In addition, SoFi invests heavily in building a “community” – which means you can start to get other benefits once you are a SoFi member.

SoFi has taken a radical new approach when it comes to the online finance industry, not only with student loans but in the personal loan, wealth management and mortgage markets as well. With their career development programs and networking events, SoFi shows that they have a lot to offer, not only in the lending space but in other aspects of their customers lives as well.

2. Earnest

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on Earnest’s secure website

Read Full Review

Earnest : Variable Rates from 2.47% and Fixed Rates from 3.89% (with AutoPay)

Earnest focuses on lending to borrowers who show promise of being financially responsible borrowers. Because of this, they offer merit-based loans versus credit-based ones. 

Pros Pros

  • Flexible repayment options: Earnest offers some of the most flexible options when it comes to repayment. They allow you to choose any term length between 5-20 years. You can choose your own monthly payment, based upon what you can afford (to the penny). Earnest also offers bi-weekly payments and “skip a payment” if you run into difficulty.
  • Ability to switch between variable and fixed rates: With Earnest, you can switch between fixed and variable rates throughout the life of your loan. You can do that one time every six months until the loan is paid off. That means you can take advantage of the low variable interest rates now, and then lock in a higher fixed rate later.
  • Loans serviced in-house: Earnest is one of just a few lenders that provides in-house loan servicing versus using a third-party servicer.

Cons Cons

  • Cannot apply with a cosigner: Unlike many of the other lenders, Earnest does not allow borrowers to apply for student loan refinancing with a cosigner.
  • No option to transfer Parent PLUS loans to Child: If you are a parent that is looking to refinance your Parent PLUS loan into your child’s name, it is important to note that this cannot be done through refinancing with Earnest.
  • You lose certain protections if you refinance a federal loan: When refinancing with any private lender, you will give up certain protections if you refinance a federal loan to a private loan.

Bottom line

Bottom line

Earnest, who was recently acquired by Navient, is making a name for themselves within the student refinancing space. With their flexible repayment options and low rates, they are definitely an option worth exploring.

3. CommonBond

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on CommonBond’s secure website

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CommonBond : Variable Rates from 2.70% and Fixed Rates from 3.67% (with AutoPay)

CommonBond started out lending exclusively to graduate students. They initially targeted doctors with more than $100,000 of debt. Over time, CommonBond has expanded and now offers student loan refinancing options to graduates of almost any university (graduate and undergraduate).

Pros Pros

  • Hybrid loan option: CommonBond offers a unique “Hybrid” rate option in which rates are fixed for five years and then become variable for five years. This option can be a good choice for borrowers who intend to make extra payments and plan on paying off their student loans within the first five years. If you can a better interest rate on the Hybrid loan than the Fixed-rate option, you may end up paying less over the life of the loan.
  • Social promise: CommonBond will fund the education of someone in need in an emerging market for every loan that closes. So not only will you save money, but someone in need will get access to an education.
  • “CommonBridge” unemployment protection program: CommonBond is here to help if you lose your job. Similar to SoFi, they will pause your payments and assist you in finding a new job.

Cons Cons

  • Does not offer refinancing in the following states: Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, South Dakota and Vermont.
  • You lose certain protections if you refinance a federal loan: When refinancing with any private lender, you will give up certain protections if you refinance a federal loan to a private loan.

Bottom line

Bottom line

CommonBond not only offers low rates but is also making a social impact along the way. Consider checking out everything that CommonBond has to offer in term of student loan refinancing.

4. LendKey

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on LendKey’s secure website

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LendKey : Variable Rates from 2.68% and Fixed Rates from 5.10% (with AutoPay)

LendKey works with community banks and credit unions across the country. Although you apply with LendKey, your loan will be with a community bank. Over the past year, LendKey has become increasingly competitive on pricing, and frequently has a better rate than some of the more famous marketplace lenders.

Pros Pros

  • Opportunity to work with local banks and credit unions: LendKey is a platform of community banks and credit unions, which are known for providing a more personalized customer experience and competitive interest rates.
  • Offers interest-only payment repayment: Many of the lenders on LendKey offer the option to make interest-only payments for the first four years of repayment.

Cons Cons

  • Rates can vary depending on where you live: The rate that is advertised on LendKey is the lowest possible rate among all of its lenders, and some of these lenders are only available to residents of specific areas. So even if you have an excellent credit report, there is still a possibility that you will not receive the lowest rate, depending on geographic location.
  • No Parent PLUS refinancing available: Unlike several of the other student loan refinancing companies, borrowers do not have the ability to refinance Parent PLUS loans with LendKey.
  • You lose certain protections if you refinance a federal loan: As when refinancing federal loans with any private lender, you will give up your federal protections if you refinance your federal loan to a private one.

Bottom line

Bottom line

LendKey is a good option to keep in mind if you are looking for an alternative to big bank lending. If you prefer working with a credit union or community bank, LendKey may be the route to uncovering your best offer.

5. Laurel Road Bank

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Laurel Road Bank : Variable Rates from 3.23% and Fixed Rates from 3.50% (with AutoPay)

Laurel Road Bank offers a highly competitive product when it comes to student loan refinancing.

Pros Pros

  • Forgiveness in the case of death or disability: They may forgive the total student loan amount owed if the borrower dies before paying off their debt. In the case that the borrower suffers a permanent disability that results in a significant reduction to their income,Laurel Road Bank may forgive some, if not all of the amount owed.
  • Offers good perks for Residents and Fellows: Laurel Road Bank allows medical and dental students to pay only $100 per month throughout their residency or fellowship and up to six months after training. It is important for borrowers to keep in mind that the interest that accrues during this time will be added on to the total loan balance.

Cons Cons

  • Higher late fees: While many lenders charge late fees,Laurel Road Bank’s late fee can be slightly steeper than most at 5% or $28 (whichever is less) for a payment that is over 15 days late.
  • You lose certain protections if you refinance a federal loan: While not specific to Laurel Road Bank, it is important to keep in mind that you will give up certain protections when refinancing a federal loan with any private lender.

Bottom line

Bottom line

As a lender,Laurel Road Bank prides itself on offering personalized service while leveraging technology to make the student loan refinancing process a quick and simple one. Consider checking out their low-rate student loan refinancing product, which is offered in all 50 states.

6. Citizens Bank

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Citizens Bank (RI) : Variable Rates from 3.00% and Fixed Rates from 3.90% (with AutoPay)

Citizens Bank offers student loan refinancing for both private and federal loans through its Education Refinance Loan.

Pros Pros

No degree is required to refinance: If you are a borrower who did not graduate, with Citizens Bank, you are still eligible to refinance the loans that you accumulated over the period you did attend. In order to do so, borrowers much no longer be enrolled in school.

Loyalty discount: Citizens Bank offers a 0.25% discount if you already have an account with Citizens.

Cons Cons

Cannot transfer Parent PLUS loans to Child: If you are looking to refinance your Parent PLUS loan into your child’s name, this cannot be done through Citizens Bank.

You lose certain protections if you refinance a federal loan: Any time that you refinance a federal loan to a private loan, you will give up the protections, forgiveness programs and repayment plans that come with the federal loan.

Bottom line

Bottom line

The Education Refinance Loan offered by Citizens Bank is a good one to consider, especially if you are looking to stick with a traditional banking option. Consider looking into the competitive rates that Citizens Bank has to offer.

7. Discover

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Discover Student Loans : Variable Rates from 4.99% and Fixed Rates from 5.74% (with AutoPay)

Discover, with an array of competitive financial products, offers student loan refinancing for both private and federal loans through their private consolidation loan product.

Pros Pros

  • In-house loan servicing: When refinancing with Discover, they service their loans in-house versus using a third-party servicer.
  • Offer a variety of deferment options: Discover offers four different deferment options for borrowers. If you decide to go back to school, you may be eligible for in-school deferment as long as you are enrolled for at least half-time. In addition to in-school deferment, Discover offers deferment to borrowers on active military duty (up to 3 years), in eligible public service careers (up to 3 years) and those in a health professions residency program (up to 5 years).

Cons Cons

  • Performs a hard credit pull: While most lenders do a soft credit check, Discover does perform a hard pull on your credit.
  • No Parent PLUS refinancing available: Discover does not offer borrowers the option of refinancing their Parent PLUS loans.
  • You lose certain protections if you refinance a federal loan: Be careful when deciding to refinance your federal student loans because when doing so, you will lose access federal protections, forgiveness programs and repayment plans.

Bottom line

Bottom line

If you’re looking for a well-established bank to refinance your student loans, Discover may be the way to go. Just keep in mind that if you apply for a student loan refinance with Discover, they will do a hard pull on your credit.

 

Additional Student Loan Refinance Companies

In addition to the Top 7, there are many more lenders offering to refinance student loans. Below is a listing of all providers we have found so far. This list includes credit unions that may have limited membership. We will continue to update this list as we find more lenders:

Traditional Banks

  • First Republic Eagle Gold. The interest rates are great, but this option is not for everyone. Fixed rates range from 1.95% – 4.45% APR. You need to visit a branch and open a checking account (which has a $3,500 minimum balance to avoid fees). Branches are located in San Francisco, Palo Alto, Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, Newport Beach, San Diego, Portland (Oregon), Boston, Palm Beach (Florida), Greenwich or New York City. Loans must be $60,000 – $300,000. First Republic wants to recruit their future high net worth clients with this product.
  • Wells Fargo: As a traditional lender, Wells Fargo will look at credit score and debt burden. They offer both fixed and variable loans, with variable rates starting at 4.74% and fixed rates starting at 5.24%. You would likely get much lower interest rates from some of the new Silicon Valley lenders or the credit unions.

Credit Unions

  • Alliant Credit Union: Anyone can join this credit union. Interest rates start as low as 3.75% APR. You can borrow up to $100,000 for up to 25 years.
  • Eastman Credit Union: Credit union membership is restricted (see eligibility here). Fixed rates start at 6.50% and go up to 8% APR.
  • Navy Federal Credit Union: This credit union offers limited membership. For men and women who serve (or have served), the credit union can offer excellent rates and specialized underwriting. Variable interest rates start at 4.07% and fixed rates start at 4.70%.
  • Thrivent: Partnered with Thrivent Federal Credit Union, Thrivent Student Loan Resources offers variable rates starting at 4.13% APR and fixed rates starting at 3.99% APR. It is important to note that in order to qualify for refinancing through Thrivent, you must be a member of the Thrivent Federal Credit Union. If not already a member, borrowers can apply for membership during the student refinance application process.
  • UW Credit Union: This credit union has limited membership (you can find out who can join here, but you had better be in Wisconsin). You can borrow from $5,000 to $150,000 and rates start as low as 4.29% (variable) and 3.99% APR (fixed).

Online Lending Institutions

  • Education Loan Finance:This is a student loan refinancing option that is offered through SouthEast Bank. They have competitive rates with variable rates ranging from 2.80% – 6.01% APR and fixed rates ranging from 3.39% – 6.69% APR.
  • EdVest: This company is the non-profit student loan program of the state of New Hampshire which has become available more broadly. Rates are very competitive, ranging from 4.53% – 7.20% (fixed) and 4.58% – 7.25% APR (variable).
  • IHelp : This service will find a community bank. Unfortunately, these community banks don’t have the best interest rates. Fixed rates range from 4.00% to 8.00% APR (for loans up to 15 years). If you want to get a loan from a community bank or credit union, we recommend trying LendKey instead.
  • Purefy: Purefy lenders offer variable rates ranging from 2.82%-8.42% APR and fixed interest rates ranging from 3.75% – 9.66% APR. You can borrow up to $150,000 for up to 15 years. Just answer a few questions on their site, and you can get an indication of the rate.
  • RISLA: Just like New Hampshire, the state of Rhode Island wants to help you save. You can get fixed rates starting as low as 3.49%. And you do not need to have lived or studied in Rhode Island to benefit.

Is it worth it to refinance student loans?

If you are in financial difficulty and can’t afford your monthly payments, a refinance is not the solution. Instead, you should look at options to avoid a default on student loan debt.

This is particularly important if you have Federal loans.

Don’t refinance Federal loans unless you are very comfortable with your ability to repay. Think hard about the chances you won’t be able to make payments for a few months. Once you refinance student loans, you may lose flexible Federal payment options that can help you if you genuinely can’t afford the payments you have today. Check the Federal loan repayment estimator to make sure you see all the Federal options you have right now.

If you can afford your monthly payment, but you have been a sloppy payer, then you will likely need to demonstrate responsibility before applying for a refinance.

But, if you can afford your current monthly payment and have been responsible with those payments, then a refinance could be possible and help you pay the debt off sooner.

Like any form of debt, your goal with a student loan should be to pay as low an interest rate as possible. Other than a mortgage, you will likely never have a debt as large as your student loan.

If you are able to reduce the interest rate by refinancing, then you should consider the transaction. However, make sure you include the following in any decision:

Is there an origination fee?

Many lenders have no fee, which is great news. If there is an origination fee, you need to make sure that it is worth paying. If you plan on paying off your loan very quickly, then you may not want to pay a fee. But, if you are going to be paying your loan for a long time, a fee may be worth paying.

Is the interest rate fixed or variable?

Variable interest rates will almost always be lower than fixed interest rates. But there is a reason: you end up taking all of the interest rate risk. We are currently at all-time low interest rates. So, we know that interest rates will go up, we just don’t know when.

This is a judgment call. Just remember, when rates go up, so do your payments. And, in a higher rate environment, you will not be able to refinance your student loans to a better option (because all rates will be going up).

We typically recommend fixing the rate as much as possible, unless you know that you can pay off your debt during a short time period. If you think it will take you 20 years to pay off your loan, you don’t want to bet on the next 20 years of interest rates. But, if you think you will pay it off in five years, you may want to take the bet. Some providers with variable rates will cap them, which can help temper some of the risk.

You can also compare all of these loan options in one chart with our comparison tool. It lists the rates, loan amounts, and kinds of loans each lender is willing to refinance. You can also email us with any questions at info@magnifymoney.com.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Nick Clements
Nick Clements |

Nick Clements is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Nick at nick@magnifymoney.com

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