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Home Equity Loan or Personal Loan: How to Choose the Right Fit for You

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

Disclosure : By clicking “See Offers” you’ll be directed to our parent company, LendingTree. You may or may not be matched with the specific lender you clicked on, but up to five different lenders based on your creditworthiness.

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Updated –December 6, 2018

For homeowners in need of some financial flexibility, a personal loan or a home equity loan can provide extra cash for financing an education, dealing with an unexpected emergency, or making home improvements. Both loan types offer different benefits as well as different risks, so it’s important to weigh your options before borrowing.

Personal loan vs. home equity loan

Personal loans and home equity loans offer different options for customers who need access to a larger amount of cash than they have on hand. While the end result of a successful application is the same (ready access to funds in a lump-sum payment), the process and the finer details are considerably different.

The primary difference between a personal loan and a home equity loan is that personal loans do not typically require collateral, whereas a home equity loan does. You may have heard lenders call this type of financing a signature loan or unsecured loan because in these types of transactions, your word is your bond (via a legally-binding contract, of course.)

Home equity loans are based on the amount of equity (the difference between what you owe and the value of your property) you have in your house. There are a few other differences regarding how the loan is structured and the loan cost, which is detailed in the chart below.

 Personal loanHome equity loan

Requires collateral?

No

Yes

Interest rates

6% to 36%

4.25% to 6%

Loan cost

There may be some fees, such as an origination fee or prepayment penalties.

In addition to a loan origination fee, borrowers may have to pay an appraisal fee, title report fee and notary fee.

How much money can you borrow?

The amount is based on your income and credit history.

The amount is based on the equity in your home. Typically maxes out at 70% to 80% or total loan to value.

Restrictions on use

No

Only if you care about a tax write-off.

Tax Benefits

No

Yes. If the money is used to make improvements to the home.

Rates sourced from LendingTree.com, which owns MagnifyMoney.

How personal loans work

When you take out a personal loan, the lender offers a lump-sum cash payment. Most personal loans can be used for anything you want. Common uses include:

Talk with your lender to find out if they have specific procedures for handling this type of personal loan.

Personal loans are widely available. It is imperative that you take your time doing research. Some of the personal loans you’ll find online may be nothing more than payday loans in disguise (with interest rates that can creep into triple digits).

Interest rates

If you want the best rates, you should work with a trusted lender. Many banks, credit unions and credit card companies even offer an online application process, so you can take advantage of the convenience of an online application while saving money.

LendingTree
APR

5.99%
To
35.99%

Credit Req.

Minimum 500 FICO

Minimum Credit Score

Terms

24 to 60

months

Origination Fee

Varies

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Interest rates vary from lender to lender, but they also vary from state to state. State usury laws dictate the maximum interest rates on various loan types, but each state offers different exemptions. For example, Arkansas caps interest rates on consumer loans at 17% per year, but in Utah, the legal rate is 10%, unless parties agree to different terms. For this reason, make sure you take the time to read the details of any financial agreement you are prepared to sign.

According to the Federal Reserve, personal loan interest rates averaged 10.1% at the end of August. Your credit score, loan amount, home state and credit history could affect those numbers.

As mentioned earlier, most personal loans don’t require collateral, but lenders make up for the added risk with higher interest rates than you’ll typically find on home equity loans.

Unsecured personal loans are a little harder to get than other types of loans (such as a title loan or a home equity loan) because the lender is allowing you to borrow money based solely on the information they get about you. If you have a lot of debt or a very low credit score, you may find it difficult to get a personal loan, or you’ll have to consider a higher interest rate.

Terms and fees

For true personal loans, expect loan terms up to five years. Personal loans are also fixed rate, which means your interest rate (and your payment) will stay the same throughout the life of the loan.

Some lenders charge an origination fee, loan insurance and/or prepayment penalties. Make sure to talk to your lender about their specific requirements before moving forward.

The application process is fairly straightforward. You’ll fill out some personal information and provide financial documents to show you can afford the monthly payments. Depending on your lender and the type of loan you are seeking, you could have access to the money in as little as 24 hours, though some loans could take up to a week.

Personal loans are a good option for borrowers who need access to cash fairly quickly but don’t have home equity and/or don’t want to pay the higher interest rates on most credit cards.

ProsCons

No collateral required

Slightly higher interest rates

Easy application process

Tougher credit history requirements

Lots of lenders available

Potential to run into very unfavorable terms

Cash available within a day or two

Average loan amounts are fairly low

How home equity loans work

A home equity loan operates differently than a personal loan because the lender looks at how much equity you have in your property. Then, they do a little number magic and offer a loan amount based on the loan-to-value rate.

One of the biggest benefits of a home equity loan is that it can provide access to a large sum of money. The equity of your home is determined by calculating the home’s current market value and subtracting any liens against the property (like your mortgage). If you purchased a home for $350,000 and still owe $100,000 on the property and you have no other liens (such as a second mortgage), your equity would be $250,000. If you run up against a major emergency, access to this type of money could very valuable.

To qualify for a home equity loan there are two major requirements:

  1. You must own a home.
  2. You must have equity in that home.

Your lender will check your payment history and some other financial information as well.
Documents you may be required to provide include:

  • Proof you own the home
  • Pay stubs and/or two years of tax returns
  • Tax assessments
  • Mortgage statements
  • List of debts (if using the money to consolidate your bills)
  • A form showing the value of your home

Borrowers should know that the maximum lenders will allow you to borrow is typically 85-90% of your equity. (So if you have $100,000 in equity, the most lenders would allow you to take out is $85,000-90,000, though many lenders prefer closer to 80% or less.)

A major drawback for this type of loan is that you are using your home as collateral. That means if you are unable to make your payments, you could lose your house. Another risk is that your home could drop in value, putting you underwater on your property.

Interest rates

Home equity loans may offer lower interest rates (because you are putting your home up as collateral, there is less risk for the lender), but they often come with closing costs and loan origination fees, which can eat into your borrowing power.

Like personal loans, home equity loans have a fixed-interest rate, which means you’ll know how much you have to pay every month for the term of your loan. A home equity loan provides a lump-sum payment (like a personal loan). Home equity loans tend to have slightly longer terms than personal loans (between five and 15 years).

Be aware that a home equity loan and a home equity line of credit are similar, but not the same, so make sure you know which one you are applying for if you decide to move forward.

Terms and fees

Some fees you may see when applying for a home equity loan include an appraisal fee (lenders use an appraiser for a more accurate home value estimate.) The fee will vary based on your lender but can cost between $300 and $400.

Your lender may also charge a title search fee (around $100), a credit report fee, lawyer and documentation fees and notary fees. Many lenders charge an origination fee, but some will waive this charge. These little fees can easily add up to $1,000 or more.

Money from a home equity loan can be used for any purpose from medical expenses to home repairs. However, recent tax changes made the tax incentives on these types of loans a little less attractive for borrowers.

The new rules stipulate that in order to qualify for tax deductions, the money must be used to substantially improve a property. Further, since tax deductions increased, you may not even need to itemize your deductions.

Homeowners can apply for a home equity loan through their original lender, but it’s not a requirement. The Federal Trade Commission recommends talking to several lenders and trying to get the best deal by letting them know you’re shopping around.

If you decide after signing for a home equity loan that you’ve changed your mind, federal law provides a three-day grace period where a borrower can cancel the agreement without a penalty. You’ll have to submit the notice in writing.

A home equity loan will take longer than a personal loan (typically two to four weeks). The timeline is longer because the loan process is more complex.

Borrowers who need access to a large amount of money and/or want to take advantage of some of the tax benefits may find the home equity loan attractive. Since this type of loan puts your house at risk, make sure to do the proper research and really study your finances to determine if this type of loan works for you.

ProsCons

Potential for access to a lot of credit

Takes 2 to 4 weeks to get funds

Lower interest rates than credit card or personal loan

More expensive upfront costs

Fixed interest rates

Your home is collateral

There are potential tax benefits for a home equity loan

The tax restrictions only apply to funds used to make significant improvements on the home.

Personal loan vs. home equity loan: Which is better?

There are benefits and risks to both a personal loan and a home equity loan. For borrowers who have a lot of equity in their home and know they can make the loan payments in addition to their mortgage payments, a home equity loan offers lower interest rates, which could mean lower payments and a lower loan cost over time. However, if you are uncomfortable putting your home up as collateral, can’t afford the upfront costs of a home equity loan or don’t need access to a lot of cash, a personal loan may be a better option.

No matter what you choose, make sure to ask your lender a lot of questions and don’t be afraid to shop around to get the best deal.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Angela Brown
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Angela Brown is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Angela here

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The Fastest Way to Pay Off $10,000 in Credit Card Debt

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

Disclosure : By clicking “See Offers” you’ll be directed to our parent company, LendingTree. You may or may not be matched with the specific lender you clicked on, but up to five different lenders based on your creditworthiness.

Before you read on, click here to download our FREE guide to become debt free forever!

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Updated – January 10, 2019

Digging out of credit card debt can feel frustrating, intimidating and ultimately impossible. Fortunately, it doesn’t have to be any of those things if you learn how to take control.

Paying down debt is not only about finding the right financial tools, but also the right psychological ones. You need to understand why you racked up credit card debt in the first place. Perhaps it was a medical emergency or a home repair that needed to be taken care of immediately. Maybe you’d already drained your emergency fund on one piece of bad luck when misfortune struck again. Or maybe you’re struggling with a compulsive shopping problem, so paying down debt will likely result in you accumulating more until the addiction is addressed.

You also need to understand what motivates you to succeed. Do you want to pay down your credit card debt in the absolute fastest amount of time possible that will save more money or do you want to take some little wins along the way to keep yourself motivated?

Here’s a couple strategies consider as you learn the best way to handle credit card debt — and pay it off quickly.

2 common credit card debt repayment strategies

These repayment strategies can help you pay off credit card debt quickly. Keep in mind, you can use these strategies even for non-credit-card debt:

  • Debt avalanche: Focus on paying off the credit card with the highest interest rate first. Then, work your way down. This strategy can save you money on interest and get you out of debt sooner.
  • Debt snowball: Pay off your smallest debts first. Doing so can motivate you to continue making payments as you climb out of debt.

You don’t necessarily need to pick the repayment strategy that gets you out of debt the fastest. After all, if your repayment strategy doesn’t keep you motivated, you may not stick to it.

Using a personal loan or balance transfer credit card

As you seek to repay your debt, you could consider a personal loan or balance transfer credit card with a lower interest rate than on your existing debt. Transferring your debt to one of these financial products could help you reduce long-term interest costs.

But you’ll first need to learn whether or not you’re eligible. Your credit score will play a big role in determining your eligibility for a personal loan or balance transfer card. Use our widget below to figure out if a personal loan or a balance transfer is the best option for you!

What’s the best option for me?

Please enter information below and we’ll provide the best option to consolidate your credit card debt!

If you have a credit score above 640, you have a good chance of qualifying for a personal loan at a much lower interest rate than your credit card debt. With new internet-only personal loan companies, you can shop for loans without hurting your score. In just a few minutes, with a simple online form, you can get matched with multiple lenders. People with excellent credit can see APRs below 10%. But even if your credit isn’t perfect, you might be able to find a good loan to fit your needs.

Not sure what your credit score is? Click here to learn how and where to find out. If you know your credit score needs some work but not sure of what can be done, click here.

If you have a score above 700, you could also qualify for 0% balance transfer offers. We will talk more about balance transfers below but this option is the best way to pay off credit card debt if you’re able to qualify for a 0% APR balance transfer credit card.

A credit score of less than 600 will make it difficult for you to qualify for either option. If you have a credit score less than 640, struggling to make monthly debt payments and would like to explore your options to reduce your debt by up to 50%, then please click our option below to customize a personal debt relief plan.

Custom Debt Relief Plan

Now let’s talk about the financial tools to add to your debt repayment strategy in order to dig out of the hole.

Let’s say you have $10,000 in credit card debt, and are stuck paying 18% interest on it.

You already know that putting as much spare cash as you can toward paying down your debt is the most important thing to do. But once you’ve done that, so what’s next?

Use your good credit to make banks compete and cut your rates

You could save $1,800 a year in interest and lower your monthly payments based on several of the rates available today. That means you could pay it off almost 20% faster.

Here’s how it works.

Option One: Use a Balance Transfer (or Multiple Balance Transfers)


If you trust yourself to open a new credit card but not spend on it, consider a balance transfer. You may be able to cut your rate with a long 0% intro APR. You need to have a good credit score, and you might not get approved for the full amount that you want to transfer.

Your own bank might not give you a lower rate (or only drop it by a few percent), but there are lots of competing banks that may want to steal the business and give you a better rate.

Discover it® Balance Transfer

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Rates & Fees

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Discover it® Balance Transfer

Annual fee
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Intro Purchase APR
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Intro BT APR
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Balance Transfer Fee
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Regular APR
14.24% - 25.24% Variable
Rewards Rate
5% cash back at different places each quarter like gas stations, grocery stores, restaurants, Amazon.com and more up to the quarterly maximum, each time you activate, 1% unlimited cash back on all other purchases - automatically.
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MagnifyMoney regularly surveys the market to find the best balance transfer credit cards. If you would like to see what other options exist, beyond Chase and Discover, you can start there.

promo-balancetransfer-halfIt also has tips to make sure you do a balance transfer safely. If you follow them you’ll save thousands on your debt by remaining disciplined.

You might be scared of a balance transfer, but there is no faster way to cut your interest payments than taking advantage of the best 0% or low interest deals banks are offering.

Thanks to recent laws, balance transfers aren’t as sneaky as they used to be, and friendlier for helping you cut your debt.

Sometimes the first bank you deal with won’t give you a big enough credit line to handle all your credit card debt. Maybe you’ll get a $5,000 credit line for a 0% deal, but have $10,000 in debt. That’s okay. In that case, apply for the next best balance transfer deal you see. MagnifyMoney’s list of deals makes it easy to sort them.

Banks are okay with you shopping around for more than one deal.

Option Two: Personal Loan

If you never want to see another credit card again, you should consider a personal loan. You can get prequalified at multiple lenders without hurting your credit score, and find the best deal to pay off your debt faster.

Personal loan interest rates are often about 10-20%, but can sometimes be as low as 5-6% if you have very good credit.

Moving from 18% interest on a credit card to 10% on a personal loan is a good deal for you. You’ll also get one set monthly payment, and pay off the whole thing in 3 to 5 years.

Sometimes this may mean a higher monthly payment than you’re used to, but you’re better off putting your cash toward a higher payment with a lower rate.

And you’ll get out of debt months or years faster by leaving more money to pay down the debt itself. If you want to shop for a personal loan, we recommend starting at LendingTree. With a single online form, dozens of lenders will compete for your business. Only a soft credit pull is completed, so your credit score will not be harmed. People with excellent scores can see low APRs (sometimes below 6%). And people with less than perfect scores still have a good chance of finding a lender to approve them.

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If you don’t want to shop at LendingTree, you can see our list of the best personal loans here.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Brian Karimzad
Brian Karimzad |

Brian Karimzad is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Brian at brian@magnifymoney.com

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Pay Down My Debt

How to Manage Debt as a Single Parent in 2019

Editorial Note: The editorial content on this page is not provided or commissioned by any financial institution. Any opinions, analyses, reviews, statements or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and may not have been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities prior to publication.

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When student loan deferment ended for Samantha Gregory, a single mom and founder of site Rich Single Momma, she had one reaction to her payments: sticker shock. “The amount they were asking for was so astronomical, it was bananas,” she said.

As a single mom in debt, these high payments were added to the already steep financial demands of covering household expenses and supporting her children, including one with special needs — all on one income.

Adding debt to the significant challenges of single parenting “puts a strain on not just your finances, but your emotions, your mental health,” she said. “It’s like, ‘I have this burden over my head so how am I going to take care of it and take care of my family?’”

It’s a question any single parent in debt may find themselves asking. There’s no one right answer, but the good news is that there are smart steps a single mom or dad can use to tackle debt. Here are some tested and certified strategies for how to manage debt as a single parent.

8 strategies for a single parent in debt

1. Keep debt on your radar

A key to managing money as a single parent in debt is to keep an eye on what you owe. Gregory warned against letting debt slip in your money management juggling act. “I know for me in the past, I’ve tried to ignore it and hope it would go away,” she said. “But it doesn’t go away. It’s still there, lingering.”

Keep your debts on your radar, so you’re not losing track of them, falling behind on payments or damaging your credit. If you don’t know what you owe, pull your free credit report and look up each outstanding debt you have and record the balance, interest rate, monthly payment and due date. Start a habit of reviewing these accounts regularly.

2. Work with your lender

Once you know what you owe, see if your lender offers any help or accommodations that can make this debt easier to manage.

You’ll have the most options for dealing with federal student loans, as servicers must provide you with options to forbear or defer payments, or switch to a different repayment plan.

Even for other types of debt, it can’t hurt to ask your lender if they’re willing to work with you. They might be open to giving you an extension on your payment, and some lenders will let you skip a payment now and tack it onto the end of your repayment period instead.

3. Claim benefits and support

Help isn’t always easy to come by as a single parent, so make sure you’re claiming the benefits and child support to which you’re entitled.

Federal assistance programs such as Women, Infants and Children (WIC), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and school lunch programs can ease pressure on your budget while keeping everyone fed, for example. Other programs can assist with fixed monthly costs such as housing, child care or health insurance. Many state and local programs can offer additional help.

Single parents should also consider filing for child support. If you’re already entitled to such payments but the other parent isn’t paying, or you feel it’s not enough, consider pursuing legal steps to get adequate support for your family.

4. Revisit your budget

As a single parent with debt, living within your means is the foundation of your financial security. Review your budget to see if there are areas you’re wasting money on things you don’t need or use, whether it’s a neglected gym membership or a house you’re realizing is roomier than necessary. Consider lifestyle changes and sacrifices — big or small — that you could make to lower your monthly costs.

Look for ways to free up some of the mental space you’re using for your money, too, Gregory suggested. She likes to automate payments, for example, to ensure they’re going out on time with less effort on her part.

5. Sell your extra time and stuff

To the single mom in debt, Gregory suggested looking for ways to generate some extra cash. “I’m a firm believer in side hustles,” she said. “There are so many options out there available to create a side hustle, start a business or just get another part-time job or work-from-home job.”

Then, “look around your house and if you have something valuable you can sell, sell it,” she said. Doing so can bring a fast cash infusion that can help you stay current on debt payments, or even make an extra payment.

It can be a tough and even emotional to sell some belongings, Gregory acknowledged. But, “It’s just things and they’re replaceable, whereas your peace of mind, your family and kids, and your health are not replaceable,” she said.

6. Make extra debt payments

If you can carve out extra savings, that’s money you can use to pay off your debts faster. One method to do so is the debt snowball:

  • Figure out how much more of your monthly income you can afford to devote to making extra debt payments. Include this as a line item in your budget.
  • Put that extra cash toward your debt with the lowest balance, and make the minimum payment on all of your other debts.
  • Watch the balance on your high-priority debt decrease faster.
  • Once your first debt is gone, “roll over” the funds budgeted for your monthly payment and the extra payment and apply them to the next low-balance debt.

Making extra debt payments will lower your principal faster which will, in turn, lower your interest costs. As a result, this strategy could avoid hundreds of dollars in interest and shave months or even years off your debt repayment.

7. Consider debt consolidation

For a single parent, debt consolidation can be another way to get ahead. Consolidating debt makes the most sense when doing so will lower the interest rates you’re paying.

A credit card balance transfer is one way to accomplish this. You can open a credit card with a 0% introductory rate. Then, transfer existing balances to this new credit card (note that this will often incur a balance transfer fee) and you can repay this debt interest-free.

If you have higher debt balances or prefer a fixed repayment plan, a personal loan could be the way to consolidate debt. To do so, you can take out a new personal loan with the rates, term or payments you would prefer and use the loan funds to pay off and replace existing debts. You can compare various lenders with our debt consolidation comparison page to get an idea of the terms and rates for which you could qualify.

8. Tap your community for support

Managing debt as a single parent can be hard on you because, at the end of the day, paying them comes down to you alone. “In the back of your mind, you’re thinking ‘There’s no one who can help me with this,’” Gregory said.

However, you don’t have to go it alone — there are often people who are ready and willing to help as close as your own backyard. So let them! Family and friends can help you out in a variety of ways, from spotting you cash in a tight month to helping with child care. You can also get assistance from your church, community and local nonprofits or programs.

Even if you don’t always find the help you need right away, asking around can start you on the track to getting the recommendation or referral that leads you there. Gregory also suggested online communities, such as local or single-parent Facebook groups, as a way to crowdsource solutions and get connected with helpful resources.

Pass your debt and money lessons on to your kids

Debt can be a big regret for many single parents. “If I had more information when I was going to college, I wouldn’t have taken out so many loans,” Gregory said.

But these ideas for how to manage debt as a single parent can help you push past regret into action. In doing so, you’ll be creating the financial security that your kids need, all while modeling what good money and debt management look like in action.

Gregory, for example, used her experience with student debt to warn her daughter away from borrowing to pay for college. As a result, “She’s really blessed that she doesn’t have to take out student loans, so she won’t be saddled with that big debt when she graduates from college,” she said.

Advertiser Disclosure: The products that appear on this site may be from companies from which MagnifyMoney receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear). MagnifyMoney does not include all financial institutions or all products offered available in the marketplace.

Elyssa Kirkham
Elyssa Kirkham |

Elyssa Kirkham is a writer at MagnifyMoney. You can email Elyssa here

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