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So, you need to choose a health savings account (HSA) to go along with your new health insurance plan. There are plenty of options out there, and it’s easy to get overwhelmed. The best savings accounts help you save money with high interest rates and low fees—your HSA should be no different. With a high-yielding HSA, you can cover your out-of-pocket medical expenses and boost your savings at the same time.
We’ve taken the work out of finding the best health savings accounts on the market. Using data from DepositAccounts.com (similar to MagnifyMoney, a LendingTree-owned company) we scoured more than 17,100 nationwide banks and credit unions to find the highest health savings account rates available. To ensure quality and availability, we excluded institutions with a DepositAccounts health rating below a B and credit unions with restrictive membership requirements.
Health savings account deposits at all of the institutions listed below are insured by the FDIC or NCUA.
The 10 best health savings accounts in 2019
|Institution||APY||Minimum balance to earn APY|
|Evansville Teachers FCU||2.01%||$500|
|Connexus Credit Union||1.50%||$15,000|
|Summit Credit Union||1.15%||$10,000|
|NASA Federal Credit Union||1.10%||$10,000|
|First Technology Federal Credit Union||1.00%||$0|
|The Adirondack Trust Company||1.00%||$1|
|Great Lakes Credit Union||1.00%||$100|
|Lake Michigan Credit Union||1.00%||$5,000|
|Interior Federal Credit Union||0.75%||$5,000|
Evansville Teachers FCU: 2.01% APY, $500 minimum deposit
Evansville Teachers FCU’s Health Savings Checking account earns at a great interest rate on all balances of $500 and over. Plus, there’s no maintenance fees. You’ll need at least $25 to open the account. You can also benefit from check writing abilities, debit card access and payroll deductions with an ETFCU HSA.
ETFCU also offers five HSA share certificates with term lengths ranging between one to five years. Each require $1,000 to open and earn at competitive interest rates. However, ETFCU doesn’t recommend you use HSA share certificates unless you’ve had an HSA established for a while, since locking money in share certificates make it much harder to to dip into your funds.
You can find Evansville Teachers Federal Credit Union locations in Indiana and Kentucky. The credit union is also a member of the Alliance One ATM network, which offers fee-free access to about 5,000 ATMs. ETFCU was started by several teachers in Evansville, Ind. in 1936 — but you don’t have to be a teacher to qualify for ETFCU membership, though.
Connexus Credit Union: 2.00% APY, $15,000 minimum deposit
Connexus Credit Union also offers a high health savings account rate, but you’ll need at least $15,000 in your account to earn at that rate. Still, you can earn at decent rates on all other balances larger than $100, with higher balances benefiting best. The account doesn’t require a minimum balance or charge a monthly fee. You can request an HSA debit card when you open your account for use at Connexus ATMs.
You can find Connexus branches and ATMs in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Ohio and New Hampshire. Connexus is also part of the CO-OP Shared Branch network, which gives you access to more than 5,600 Shared Branches and more than 54,000 surcharge-free ATMs through both CO-OP and MoneyPass. To open an account with the credit union, you’ll need to become a Connexus Credit Union member.
Summit Credit Union: 1.15% APY, $10,000 minimum deposit
You’ll need at least $10,000 in your Summit Credit Union Health Savings Account to earn at the most competitive health savings account rate. All other balances still earn interest, but the lower the balance, the lower the rate. Luckily, there’s no minimum deposit requirement, nor is there a pesky monthly fee. The Summit HSA comes with a free debit card, which you can use at Summit, Cirrus and Nyce ATMs.
Summit Credit Union was founded as CUNA Credit Union in 1935 in Madison, Wis.; you can find the credit unions branches throughout southern Wisconsin. Notably, unlike many credit unions, Summit Credit Union has an open charter, which opens up membership to anyone. You’ll need to open Primary Savings account with $5 to become a member.
NASA Federal Credit Union — 1.10% APY, $10,000 minimum deposit
NASA Federal Credit Union offers a service fee-free Health Savings Account to its customers. You can contribute funds to this account through direct deposit, ATM, online or at a branch. The account includes a NASA Federal HSA Debit Card to quick access to your money.
NASA Federal started in 1949 when seven NASA employees received a credit union charter to serve fellow employees. Today, the credit union serves over 140,000 members. Its membership is open to employees or retirees of NASA, the credit union’s partner companies and relatives of current members. Even if none of this applies to you, NASA Federal also allows you to join through a complimentary membership to the National Space Society.
NASA Federal has branches in the Washington, D.C. area and also provides access to branches and ATMs through the CO-OP network.
First Technology Federal Credit Union — 1.00% APY, $0.01 minimum deposit
First Technology Federal Credit Union’s HSA Checking account is easy to open and own. In addition to its decent rate, it doesn’t charge HSA setup or monthly service fees, nor are there any minimum balance requirements. You just need at least $0.01 to open the account and to start earning interest. To open this HSA, you can call First Technology FCU at 855-855-8805.
You’ll receive a free HSA debit card with the account, which you can use at over 30,000 CO-OP ATMs. You can also visit over 40 First Tech branches and access more than 5,000 CO-OP Shared Branch locations.
You can qualify for a First Tech membership depending on your employment or residence. First Technology Credit Union was founded in 1952 by members of Hewlett-Packard and Tektronix. You can find First Tech branches, known as Experience Centers, in California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Texas and Washington.
The Adirondack Trust Company: 1.00% APY, $1 minimum deposit
To get started with an Adirondack Trust Company Health Savings Account, you’ll only need to deposit $1 — after that, there’s no other minimum balance requirement to earn interest. To access your health savings account, you can take advantage of free unlimited check writing and free ATM access with your ATC HSA Visa debit card. Getting paper statements on this account will cost $4, while using online banking will still cost you $2.
Founded in 1901 in upstate Saratoga Springs, N.Y., ATC maintains 13 branches along the Adirondack Mountains area and offers access to two Amsure branches in Saratoga Springs and Albany, N.Y.
Great Lakes Credit Union — 1.00% APY, $100 minimum deposit
Great Lakes Credit Union offers the highest HSA rate on balances from $100 to $2,000. Balances over $2,000 will still earn interest, but at a slightly lower rate (more comparable to rates lower on this list).
You will need to meet a few requirements in order to earn interest on a GLCU HSA. For one, you need to receive a monthly direct deposit of at least $500. You’ll also need to make at least 15 signature-based debit card purchases totaling at least $150. Finally, you must also enroll in eStatements and be active with GLCU’s online Bill Pay or Mobile Banking features.
The account does not charge a monthly fee.
Great Lakes Credit Union was founded in 1938 and now maintains 11 branches in Illinois; however, you can also take advantage of CO-OP Shared Branches and surcharge-free ATMs. To become a GLCU member, you’ll just need to open a Share Savings Account and fund it with at least $5.
Lake Michigan Credit Union: 1.00% APY, $5,000 minimum deposit
While you’ll only need $5 to open a Lake Michigan Credit Union, you’ll need at least $5,000 in your health savings account to earn at the listed APY; balances below $5,000 will have a much lower rate. The account doesn’t charge a monthly service fee and comes with a free debit card. You can use this debit card to pay for your medical costs and withdraw cash at any LMCU branch. You can also access your LMCU HSA funds through unlimited check writing and online banking.
Founded in 1933, Lake Michigan Credit Union offers open and free membership. As you might expect, you can find LMCU branches in Michigan, but there are also several branches in Florida. Plus, in addition to LMCU ATMs, you can also take advantage of over 55,000 Allpoint ATMs.
Elements Financial: 1.00% APY, $10,000 minimum deposit
You can benefit the most from Elements Financial’s HSA if you have $10,000 available to set aside for future medical expenses; lower balances (of $100 and over) still earn interest, but at lower rates. The account does charge a $4 monthly fee, but you can avoid it by averaging a daily balance of at least $2,500.
The account includes a free Visa debit card, which you can use for purchases and to access your funds with over 78,000 ATMs worldwide through the Allpoint, CO-OP and Alliance One networks. In addition to these ATMs, you can visit Elements Financial branches and over 5,000 CO-OP Shared Branches in all 50 states and 50 countries.
Elements Financial is a credit union that requires membership before you open an account. Founded in 1930, it currently serves employees from over 135 companies in the U.S. If your company is an Elements partner, you can open a checking or savings account or complete an application for a loan or credit card to start the application process.
Interior Federal Credit Union: 0.75% APY, $5,000 minimum deposit
Interior Federal Credit Union’s HSA earns its great interest rate on balances of $25,000 and over. All other balances earn at lower interest rates, with balances of $5,000 and over benefitting best of those. The account doesn’t require a minimum opening deposit, nor does it charge a monthly fee.
The Interior FCU Health Savings Account includes an HSA Visa debit card, which you can use for your medical purchases and at over 55,000 surcharge-free ATMs worldwide, including those at Walgreens, 7/11 and WaWa. Interior FCU has only two branches, one in Washington D.C. and one in Reston, Va. However, you’ll also have access to 5,600 Shared Branches/Service Centers in the country through the CO-OP network.
Interior FCU has been around since 1935. To open an HSA with the credit union, you’ll first need to be a member with a Primary Savings account. You can be eligible for an Interior FCU membership in a number of ways, often depending on your place of employment.
How to use your HSA wisely
Health savings accounts are used only for medical expenses, and if you shop around you can earn interest on your balances with the right account. But did you know HSAs offer tax benefits, too? You fund an HSA with pre-tax dollars, which lowers your taxable income in the year you make the deposit. As long as you spend HSA funds on approved medical expenses, it doesn’t get taxed. If you do use your HSA funds for something other than approved medical expenses, you may get hit with a 20% tax penalty.
This HSA tax advantage can come in especially handy in retirement. Funding an HSA today reduces your tax burden come tax time. If you wait until retirement to make those withdrawals, you can turn your HSA into a significant retirement contribution. Not only has the balance been earning interest for years, but now you can use that money for medical expenses, which tend to pile up in retirement. Plus, after you reach age 65, you can use your HSA for non-medical expenses without triggering the 20% tax penalty, although the withdrawals are taxed like normal income, similarly to IRA withdrawals. This also applies in the event you become disabled or die.
You can generally open a health savings account if you’re already covered by a high-deductible health plan (HDHP). This works well since the HSA funds can help you cover the higher out-of-pocket costs that usually come with having an HDHP. To qualify for an HSA, you also can’t have other health coverage, be enrolled in Medicare or be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s tax return.
HSA contribution limits
As set by the IRS, the amount you can contribute to your health savings account will depend on your HDHP coverage, your age, the date you become eligible and the date you stop being eligible. For 2018, if you had self-only HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $3,450 to your HSA. If you had family HDHP coverage, you can contribute up to $6,900.
For 2019, the contribution limits for self-only HDHP coverage is $3,500 and $7,000 for family HDHP coverage.
For tax year 2018, you can make HSA contributions until April 15, 2019. Even if you weren’t eligible in 2018, you can still make HSA contributions until that date for the months you were eligible. If you have an employer contributing to your HSA, they can do so from Jan. 1, 2019 to April 15, 2019. They just have to notify you and the account trustee that the contributions are allocated for 2018.
HSA vs. FSA
A flexible spending account, or FSA, is another type of supplemental medical spending account. Like a health savings account, FSAs are also funded with pre-tax dollars to use towards qualified medical expenses like prescriptions and copayments. FSAs are employer-sponsored, however, and are usually funded through voluntary salary contributions, but your employer can also contribute. You cannot open an FSA if you’re self-employed. No taxes are deducted from your contribution. For 2018, you cannot contribute more than $2,650 to an FSA.
What further sets FSAs apart from HSAs is that you must use the money in an FSA by Dec. 31 of the contribution year, unless you’re granted a grace period or a $500 carryover option by your employer. A big drawback to FSAs is that if you don’t use the money in the account on time, your employer gets those funds. This is also true if you were to leave the company. To the opposite, the funds in an HSA are yours to keep even if you leave your company.
Health savings account vs. online savings accounts
While health savings accounts help you designate funds toward medical expenses, most HSAs don’t earn at the competitive rates we’ve come to see from online savings accounts. A $10,000 deposit into a health savings earning 2% APY would yield $200 after a year of annual compounding interest. This doesn’t fall too far behind some of the best online savings accounts. A savings account earning 2.45% would yield only $45 more than the HSA after a year.
Still, you’ll find plenty more high-yield options to really boost your savings by looking at online savings accounts, and not just for medical expenses. Plus, you typically don’t have to meet any requirements to open a savings account, like having an HDHP or meeting credit union membership qualifications.